Presentation on theme: "What you will do today… -Define osteoporosis and its general effects on the body. -Discuss some of the risk factors for osteoporosis."— Presentation transcript:
What you will do today… -Define osteoporosis and its general effects on the body. -Discuss some of the risk factors for osteoporosis
Osteoporosis A Case Study of Marissa, Jeremy, and Eleanor
Individual Brainstorming “I’ve always been told that drinking milk is important for strong, healthy bones. I understand that this is important because….”
What is osteoporosis? Calcium is continually added to bone from about the third trimester of pregnancy into early adulthood; from then on, calcium will gradually be lost from the bones because bone forming processes slow down
What is osteoporosis?osteoporosis If this calcium loss is accelerated in a person, then they have osteoporosis. Their bones become very porous, fragile, and brittle.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis Being over the age of 50 Being female Low estrogen or testosterone A family history of fractures or low bone density Smaller than average stature Excess alcohol consumption Malnutrition Smoking Inactivity Heavy metal exposure Excess sodium, caffeine, or protein Soft drinks containing phosphoric acid (most of them do) Some medications
TreatmentTreatment of Osteoporosis A specialized x-ray machine can detect the amount of calcium in the bones through a bone mineral density test (BMD) Treatment includes diet changes, exercise, and medications