Presentation on theme: "What you will do today… -Define osteoporosis and its general effects on the body. -Discuss some of the risk factors for osteoporosis."— Presentation transcript:
1 What you will do today…-Define osteoporosis and its general effects on the body.-Discuss some of the risk factors for osteoporosis
2 A Case Study of Marissa, Jeremy, and Eleanor OsteoporosisA Case Study of Marissa, Jeremy, and Eleanor
3 Individual Brainstorming “I’ve always been told that drinking milk is important for strong, healthy bones. I understand that this is important because….”
4 What is osteoporosis?Calcium is continually added to bone from about the third trimester of pregnancy into early adulthood; from then on, calcium will gradually be lost from the bones because bone forming processes slow down
5 What is osteoporosis?If this calcium loss is accelerated in a person, then they have osteoporosis. Their bones become very porous, fragile, and brittle.
9 Risk Factors for Osteoporosis Being over the age of 50Being femaleLow estrogen or testosteroneA family history of fractures or lowbone densitySmaller than average statureExcess alcohol consumptionMalnutritionSmokingInactivityHeavy metal exposureExcess sodium, caffeine, or proteinSoft drinks containing phosphoric acid (most of them do)Some medications
10 Treatment of Osteoporosis A specialized x-ray machine can detect the amount of calcium in the bones through a bone mineral density test (BMD)Treatment includes diet changes, exercise, and medications