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Ms. Kelly 6 th Grade.  Let’s talk about nutrition… (Pick 1 or 2 questions and respond)  What do you know about it….  What is it?  How do you know.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Kelly 6 th Grade.  Let’s talk about nutrition… (Pick 1 or 2 questions and respond)  What do you know about it….  What is it?  How do you know."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Kelly 6 th Grade

2  Let’s talk about nutrition… (Pick 1 or 2 questions and respond)  What do you know about it….  What is it?  How do you know if you are eating well?  What makes a food “good” vs. “bad”?  What is confusing about nutrition and making nutritious food choices?  What are some consequences of having good eating habits?  What are some consequences of having poor eating habits?

3  The science that studies how the body uses the substances in food  Discusses how and why people eat the way they do  The process of taking in food

4  To give our bodies the raw materials they need to help us grow  To socialize and enjoy time with friends and family  To help people feel content and secure

5  Diet—everything you regularly eat and drink (NOT necessarily a plan to lose weight)  Includes a VARIETY of nutritious foods that provide you with different nutrients

6  The substances in food that your body needs to help it function properly  6 types…  Carbohydrates  Proteins  Fats  Vitamins  Minerals  Water HW: WRITE DOWN EVERYTHING YOU EAT FOR THE NEXT TWO DAYS..

7  Write down everything you know about…  Carbohydrates?  Proteins?  Fats?  Vitamins?  Minerals?  Water?  Is it important to make sure you get all of these nutrients? Why or why not??

8  Complete Food Log if not completed for HW (LIKE YOU WERE SUPPOSED TO!!!)  If you are done….. How was your four-day weekend? Talk about it….

9  Main source of energy for your body  Should make up ~55% of calories  Two types  Simple (i.e. fruits, milk, table sugar)  Complex (i.e. bread, rice, pasta)

10  Essential for growth and repair of body cells  Made of amino acids (chain of building blocks)  Body can produce some of them, some MUST come foods you eat (essential amino acids)  Should make up ~15% of calories  Two types  Complete : Animal foods that contain all essentials  Incomplete : Plant sources that contain SOME essentials

11  Another source of energy  Used for energy storage  Protection against temperature changes  Carries certain vitamins into blood  Should make up no more than 30% of calories

12  Substances that help regulate body functions  Help use other nutrients, fight infection, and maintain a healthful glow  Water-soluble: B and C **must be replaced every day  Fat-soluble: A, D, E, K

13  Elements that help your body work properly  Work to strengthen bones, keep muscles healthy, and heart beat regularly  Examples: calcium, iron, sodium

14  Carries nutrients around your body  Aids in digestion and waste removal  Drink 6-8 glasses each day

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17 WATER

18 CARBOHYDRATE S

19 FATS

20 VITAMINS & MINERALS

21  Bring in a FOOD LABEL from any product you have at home

22  A guideline to help you choose what and how much to eat in order to get all of the nutrients you need  Contains five food groups (group of like foods)  Grains  Vegetables  Fruits  Dairy  Protein foods

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24  Discuss your experience on MyPlate.gov…  Did you find it an informative site? Why or why not?  Was it fun to navigate on this site? Why or why not?  Do you think you’ll visit this site again to learn more information about nutrition and physical activity? Why or why not

25  Information found on food packages that tell you about the food  Shows consumer:  Serving Size  Calories  Sugar  Fat  Recommended Dietary Allowances ( RDAs )

26  Amount of food or drink that is generally served  s_kit/serving_size.pdf s_kit/serving_size.pdf

27  A unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods, which provide energy for your daily activities  About 3,500 calories = 1 lb. of fat  1 gram carb = 4 kcal  1 gram protein = 4 kcal  1 gram fat = 9 kcal  1 gram alcohol = 7 kcal

28  What is a healthier snack option—an apple or a Hershey’s chocolate bar? How do you know? Explain.

29 …energy intake = energy output

30 To burn off the 250 kcals in a 20-ounce bottle of regular soda, a 135-pound person would have to: Walk 3 miles in 45 minute Play vigorous basketball for 40 minutes Bike vigorously for 22 minutes Source: CSPI Liquid Candy (2005)

31  Foods you eat in between meals  Important to choose wisely!  Choose a VARIETY of different snacks

32  Starch  Fiber  Saturated Fats  Cholesterol  Sodium  Caffeine  Sugar

33  Complex carbohydrate stored in potatoes, rice, wheat, and other plants  When digested, turns to glucose (sugar) for long-lasting energy EAT IT LIMIT IT? OR

34  The tough, stringy part of raw fruits, veggies, wheat, and other indigestible grains  Helps carry food and wastes through body EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

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36  Fats found mostly in animal products (i.e. milk, butter, egg yolks, meat)  Often contain “bad” cholesterol  Instead, try…  Low-fat or nonfat milk and desserts  Avoid fried foods  Eat fish, skinless chicken, or lean meat EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

37  A wax-like substance our bodies produce and need in small amounts  Found in animal fats  Too much can “clog your arteries” and lead to heart disease EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

38  A mineral that helps control the amount of fluid in our bodies  Too much sodium = too much fluid = high blood pressure and heart disease  Instead, try…  Cut down on salty snacks (and condiments)  East less processed food  Read food labels EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

39  A substance that can speed up body processes  Too much can cause heart to beat rapidly or irregularly and impact sleep  Instead, try…  Caffeine-free or decaffeinated drinks  Sleep !  Eat more carbohydrates early on EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

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41  An “empty-calorie” that sweetens food and can lead to tooth decay  Instead, try…  Cutting back on foods with added sugars  Read food labels (brown sugar, honey, corn syrup, molasses, concentrated fruit juice, sweetener, glucose, lactose, fructose, sucrose, galactose, dextrose, maltose) EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR

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43 1 teaspoon = 4 gm sugar

44 “Naturally Sweetened with Sugar”

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