Presentation on theme: "Ms. Kelly 6 th Grade. Let’s talk about nutrition… (Pick 1 or 2 questions and respond) What do you know about it…. What is it? How do you know."— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Kelly 6 th Grade
Let’s talk about nutrition… (Pick 1 or 2 questions and respond) What do you know about it…. What is it? How do you know if you are eating well? What makes a food “good” vs. “bad”? What is confusing about nutrition and making nutritious food choices? What are some consequences of having good eating habits? What are some consequences of having poor eating habits?
The science that studies how the body uses the substances in food Discusses how and why people eat the way they do The process of taking in food
To give our bodies the raw materials they need to help us grow To socialize and enjoy time with friends and family To help people feel content and secure
Diet—everything you regularly eat and drink (NOT necessarily a plan to lose weight) Includes a VARIETY of nutritious foods that provide you with different nutrients
The substances in food that your body needs to help it function properly 6 types… Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Vitamins Minerals Water HW: WRITE DOWN EVERYTHING YOU EAT FOR THE NEXT TWO DAYS..
Write down everything you know about… Carbohydrates? Proteins? Fats? Vitamins? Minerals? Water? Is it important to make sure you get all of these nutrients? Why or why not??
Complete Food Log if not completed for HW (LIKE YOU WERE SUPPOSED TO!!!) If you are done….. How was your four-day weekend? Talk about it….
Main source of energy for your body Should make up ~55% of calories Two types Simple (i.e. fruits, milk, table sugar) Complex (i.e. bread, rice, pasta)
Essential for growth and repair of body cells Made of amino acids (chain of building blocks) Body can produce some of them, some MUST come foods you eat (essential amino acids) Should make up ~15% of calories Two types Complete : Animal foods that contain all essentials Incomplete : Plant sources that contain SOME essentials
Another source of energy Used for energy storage Protection against temperature changes Carries certain vitamins into blood Should make up no more than 30% of calories
Substances that help regulate body functions Help use other nutrients, fight infection, and maintain a healthful glow Water-soluble: B and C **must be replaced every day Fat-soluble: A, D, E, K
Elements that help your body work properly Work to strengthen bones, keep muscles healthy, and heart beat regularly Examples: calcium, iron, sodium
Carries nutrients around your body Aids in digestion and waste removal Drink 6-8 glasses each day
VITAMINS & MINERALS
Bring in a FOOD LABEL from any product you have at home
A guideline to help you choose what and how much to eat in order to get all of the nutrients you need Contains five food groups (group of like foods) Grains Vegetables Fruits Dairy Protein foods
Discuss your experience on MyPlate.gov… Did you find it an informative site? Why or why not? Was it fun to navigate on this site? Why or why not? Do you think you’ll visit this site again to learn more information about nutrition and physical activity? Why or why not
Information found on food packages that tell you about the food Shows consumer: Serving Size Calories Sugar Fat Recommended Dietary Allowances ( RDAs )
Amount of food or drink that is generally served s_kit/serving_size.pdf s_kit/serving_size.pdf
A unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods, which provide energy for your daily activities About 3,500 calories = 1 lb. of fat 1 gram carb = 4 kcal 1 gram protein = 4 kcal 1 gram fat = 9 kcal 1 gram alcohol = 7 kcal
What is a healthier snack option—an apple or a Hershey’s chocolate bar? How do you know? Explain.
…energy intake = energy output
To burn off the 250 kcals in a 20-ounce bottle of regular soda, a 135-pound person would have to: Walk 3 miles in 45 minute Play vigorous basketball for 40 minutes Bike vigorously for 22 minutes Source: CSPI Liquid Candy (2005)
Foods you eat in between meals Important to choose wisely! Choose a VARIETY of different snacks
Complex carbohydrate stored in potatoes, rice, wheat, and other plants When digested, turns to glucose (sugar) for long-lasting energy EAT IT LIMIT IT? OR
The tough, stringy part of raw fruits, veggies, wheat, and other indigestible grains Helps carry food and wastes through body EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR
Fats found mostly in animal products (i.e. milk, butter, egg yolks, meat) Often contain “bad” cholesterol Instead, try… Low-fat or nonfat milk and desserts Avoid fried foods Eat fish, skinless chicken, or lean meat EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR
A wax-like substance our bodies produce and need in small amounts Found in animal fats Too much can “clog your arteries” and lead to heart disease EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR
A mineral that helps control the amount of fluid in our bodies Too much sodium = too much fluid = high blood pressure and heart disease Instead, try… Cut down on salty snacks (and condiments) East less processed food Read food labels EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR
A substance that can speed up body processes Too much can cause heart to beat rapidly or irregularly and impact sleep Instead, try… Caffeine-free or decaffeinated drinks Sleep ! Eat more carbohydrates early on EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR
An “empty-calorie” that sweetens food and can lead to tooth decay Instead, try… Cutting back on foods with added sugars Read food labels (brown sugar, honey, corn syrup, molasses, concentrated fruit juice, sweetener, glucose, lactose, fructose, sucrose, galactose, dextrose, maltose) EAT ITLIMIT IT? OR