Agonists Agonists (mimic) Antagonists Antagonists (block) Reuptake inhibitors If a drug is used often, a tolerance is created for the drug. Thus you need more of the drug to feel the same effect. withdrawal symptoms. If you stop using a drug you can develop withdrawal symptoms.
Psychoactive Drug: of altering behavior : Psychoactive Drug: Substance capable of altering behavior : Stimulant: Substance that increases activity in body and nervous system Stimulant: Substance that increases activity in body and nervous system Depressant: decreases Depressant: Substance that decreases activity in body and nervous system Hallucinogen: Substance that alters or distorts sensory perceptions Hallucinogen: Substance that alters or distorts sensory perceptions http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=782
Psychoactive Drug: of altering behavior Psychoactive Drug: Substance capable of altering behavior Examples include tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, cocaine, and heroine http://www.learner.org/vod/vod_window.html?pid=782 http://wps.aw.com/bc_goodenough_boh_3/104/26721/6840688.cw/content/i ndex.html Visit the following to see what psychoactive drugs do in your brain:
Speed up body processes. More powerful ones (like cocaine) give people feelings of invincibility. The most popular stimulants are cocaine and methamphetines. Others are nicotine, speed, and caffeine.
Amphetamines (Speed) Cocaine Crack “the crash” meth
Causes hand tremors, sweating, talkativeness, tinnitus, suppresses fatigue or sleepiness, increases alertness Caffeinism: Physiological dependence on caffeine Withdrawal: Withdrawal: Insomnia, irritability, loss of appetite, chills, racing heart, elevated body temperature Stimulants
Natural stimulant found mainly in tobacco May cause stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, tremors Highly Addictive Responsible for 97% of lung cancer deaths in men, 74% in women
Slows down body processes. Alcohol Anxiolytics (barbiturates and tranquilizers)
More than 86 billion dollars are spent annually on alcoholic beverages. 60% Alcohol is involved in 60% of ALL crimes. Alcohol is involved in over 70% of sexually related crimes. Alcohol is involved in over 70% of sexually related crimes. Is it worth the cost?
Detoxification: Withdrawal of the person from alcohol; occurs in a medical setting and is tightly controlled; often necessary before long-term treatment begins Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): Worldwide self-help organization composed of recovering alcoholics; emphasizes admitting powerlessness over alcohol usage and wanting to recover.
I have meet many of you with parents or family members that have problems with alcohol and sometimes you feel like there is no one out there to understand. This is not true. Al Anon is an organization dedicated to the family members of alcoholics and I recommend you visit the following website to learn more about one in your area. http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/