Presentation on theme: "DRUG EDUCATION BRETT MORSE Facts about Drug Abuse and Dependence."— Presentation transcript:
DRUG EDUCATION BRETT MORSE Facts about Drug Abuse and Dependence
Objectives and accomodations Students will discuss and be able to identify and explain the different types of drugs used for recreational use Students will know and be able to explain the effects these drugs have on the human body. Students will explore and extrapolate information from the text and/or presentation to dispel common myths about drug use and abuse. Students will be able to explain the appropriate steps to report suspected peer drug use. Visual - Lesson uses pictures and colored graphs to emphasize important information. Auditory - Students will listen and discuss questions with study partners Kinesthetic - Students will be asked to use a koosh-ball to throw at the screen to advance the presentation to the next slide or reveal the truth about the myth. Information taken from Glencoe Health- Glencoe (2005) Lesson ObjectivesLearning Styles
Drugs You suspect that a friend of yours may be experimenting with recreational drug use. What should you do? What is your responsibility to your friend? Information taken from Glencoe Health- Glencoe (2005)
Drugs Substance Abuse is any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes. Illegal Drugs (or Street Drugs) are chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell. Illicit Drug Use is the use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted. Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005)
Drugs Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Factors That Influence Decisions About Drugs Peer Pressure is the influence that people your age have on you. Family Members can help teens resist drugs. Parents and other adults who avoid drug influence their kids to abstain from drugs. Role Models are people you admire and want to imitate. Media Messages can influence your impression of drug use. Messages from TV, digital media, film, and music may be misleading about the harmful effect of drugs. Perceptions of society’s drug behavior are often inaccurate. According to the 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, nearly 70% of high school students do not use drugs.
Drugs Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Images taken from http://www.bitrebels.com/lifestyle/shocking-the- effects-of-drug-addiction-on-the-face/http://www.bitrebels.com/lifestyle/shocking-the- effects-of-drug-addiction-on-the-face/ Understanding the Addiction Cycle Tolerance – The body of the substance abuser needs more and more of the drug to get the same effect. Psychological dependence – A condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally. Physiological dependence – A condition in which the user has a chemical need for the drug. Addiction – A physiological or psychological dependence on a drug. Addiction causes persistent, compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be harmful.
Drugs - Marijuana Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Also known as Cannabis, is one of the most widely used illegal drugs. Marijuana affects your memory, concentration, coordination, and reaction time. Marijuana poses physical risks to the reproductive organs. In males, regular use interferes with sperm production and lower levels of testosterone Females experience an increase in testosterone which may result in unwanted facial hair or problems with fertility.
Drugs - Inhalants Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Inhalants are substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a mind-altering effect. Solvents and Aerosols Glues, Spray Paints, Gasoline, and Varnishes Nitrates and Nitrous Oxides. All inhalants are extremely dangerous, and many are labeled as poisons. These substances were never designed to be taken into the body, and they can cause permanent damage to the nervous system and brain.
Caffeine Methamphetamine Crack-Cocaine Drugs - Stimulants Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Image taken from http://www.justice.gov/dea/pr/multimedia- library/image-gallery/images_cocaine.shtmlhttp://www.justice.gov/dea/pr/multimedia- library/image-gallery/images_cocaine.shtml Cocaine, Crack, Amphetamines, Methamphetamines, Nicotine, Caffeine. Stimulates the CNS Creates a sense of euphoria and a feeling of confidence that can last from 20 minutes to several hours, followed by an emotional letdown. Effects include (but not limited to) nausea, abdominal pain, malnutrition, chest pain, respiratory failure, stroke, seizure, heart attack, death.
Drugs - Depressants Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Barbiturates, Tranquilizers, Rohypnol, GHB, Alcohol Depresses the CNS Relieves feelings of tension and worry. Relaxes muscles and may cause drowsiness. Effects include (but are not limited to) reduced heart rate and blood pressure, fatigue, confusion, impaired muscle coordination, loss of judgment, nausea, vomiting, coma, respiratory arrest, and death.
Drugs - Narcotics Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Opium, Morphine, Heroin, Codeine Depresses the CNS Narcotics are specific drugs that are obtainable only be prescription and are used to relieve pain. Effects include nausea, constipation, rapid onset of tolerance, addiction, confusion, sedation, unconsciousness, reduced respiratory function, respiratory arrest, coma, and death.
Ketamine PCP LSD Drugs - Hallucinogens Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) Image taken from http://www.justice.gov/dea/pr/multimedia- library/image-gallery/images_cocaine.shtmlhttp://www.justice.gov/dea/pr/multimedia- library/image-gallery/images_cocaine.shtml PCP (Phencyclidine), LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide), Ecstasy (MDMA), Ketamine, Psilocybin (Mushrooms) Hallucinogens alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch These drugs have no known medical use Effects include loss of appetite, depressions, panic, aggression, paranoia, increased heart and respiratory function, delusions, hallucinations, flashbacks, convulsions, impaired motor function, memory loss, kidney and cardiovascular system failure, death.
Drugs Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) MYTH: Marijuana smoke is better for you than tobacco smoke. FACT: Not True! Marijuana smoke contains MORE cancer-causing chemicals than tobacco smoke and carries the same health risks as smoking tobacco. Marijuana also interferes with the immune system, so the user become more susceptible to infections.
Drugs Information taken from National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/marijuana-abuse/marijuana-addictive MYTH: Marijuana is not addictive. FACT: Long-term marijuana use can lead to addiction; that is, people have difficulty controlling their drug use and cannot stop even though it interferes with many aspects of their lives. It is estimated that 9 percent of people who use marijuana will become dependent on it. The number goes up to about 1 in 6 in those who start using young (in their teens) and as high as 50 percent among daily users.
Drugs Information taken from Glencoe Health - Glencoe (2005) MYTH: Caffeine is not a drug. FACT: Caffeine is a drug. It stimulates the Central Nervous System creating a feeling of wakefulness and alertness. Caffeine is addictive and an overdose can lead to coma or death.
Drugs Information taken http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drug_danger_and_dependence.png http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drug_danger_and_dependence.png MYTH: Natural drugs, like marijuana, are not as bad for you. FACT: False.
Drugs – Assignment (16 points) Read the following article about Prescription Drugs: http://choices.scholastic.com/issues/01_01_12/book#/4 http://choices.scholastic.com/issues/01_01_12/book#/4 Log onto to Mybigcampus.com and write a two paragraph blog entry summarizing and reacting to the material presented in the article. (10 points) Respond to at least 2 other blog posts of classmates. (3 points each)