Presentation on theme: " What are some of the stimulants we will discuss? Crystal Meth Nicotine Caffeine Cocaine Which drug above is the most addicting? Nicotine!"— Presentation transcript:
What are some of the stimulants we will discuss? Crystal Meth Nicotine Caffeine Cocaine Which drug above is the most addicting? Nicotine!
Every year nicotine kills more people than World War II and the Vietnam War combined! Nicotine, which is found in tobacco, is the single most preventable cause of death in the United States. Three drops of pure nicotine in a hand can kill a person!!!! Cigarettes > Chewing tobacco Higher concentration of nicotine in cigarettes.
Nicotine is used in organic gardening to kill insects. Tobacco plants produce nicotine to protect themselves against natural enemies in the food chain like grazing animals. Can a person overdose on nicotine? YES!
HHow quickly it enters the bloodstream and brain depends on how it is administered. CChewing tobacco: QQuick. This effect may last longer than smoking because of how long it is in the mouth. Absorbed through mucous membranes in the mouth. SSmoking: VVery quickly. Enters blood through the lungs and then blood brings it to the brain within seconds.
Cigars: Where does nicotine enter the body? Mouth or Lungs? ▪ Enters the mouth because smokers don’t usually inhale cigars. ▪ Longer last effect because of how long it is in the mouth, but it takes a while to be absorbed by the blood.
Which of the following would offer a drug user the quickest high? Smoking? Injecting? Inhaling? INJECTION! ▪ Immediately enters the bloodstream!
Pattern behavior Use of nicotine can be continuous after meals, while driving, or socializing. Mental focus User’s needing it in order to accomplish small tasks. Stress reliever? Many users believe nicotine will calm them, however it actually has a reverse effect.
PPsychological dependence PPhysical dependence on nicotine lasts 48 hours after the final use. However, psychological dependence can last for many weeks. EEverything we just mentioned can make quitting extremely difficult.
IIncreases dopamine levels in the brain. RRaises LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. LLowers oxygen levels in the blood. AAdrenaline (epinephrine) levels decrease. LLeads to rapid heartbeat. RRapid shallow breathing. IIncreased blood pressure.
TThe world’s most popular drug! 110 grams of caffeine is actually considered a lethal dose! 990% of Americans consume it in some way every day. FFirst isolated from coffee in 1820. CCaffeine is naturally present in more than 60 plants. TThe British, well known for their tea drinking, sip 196,000,000 cups a day!
AAlmost always taken by mouth, and absorbed by the linings of the stomach, large intestine, and small intestine (most). CCaffeine takes approximately 30-60 minutes before results are felt. CCaffeine remains in the body for a rather long time. HHalf-life is 3 hours.
After eating = coffee Waking up = coffee All nighters (college students) = coffee Gym/Workouts = Energy drinks
Research shows 4 cups a day lowers risk for Parkinson’s disease. (80% lower!) 2 cups/day reduces risk for colon cancer. 2 cups/day causes an 80% drop in cirrhosis. 2 cups/day prevents gallstone development by 50%. Decrease change for prostate cancer?
CCocaine is made from the leaves of the coca plant. BBabies born to mothers who use cocaine can have brain damage and be pre-mature. WWhen a person first uses cocaine they experience a high they will never get again. WWhen cocaine is processed into a crystal form its known as “crack”. (Rock) CCrack is a smokeable form of cocaine.
Coke Blow Candy Crack Jack Nose candy Rock
CCocaine – Cocaine is usually snorted, and sometimes in rare occasions injected after being dissolved in water. It appears in a white powder. WWhen the user snorts cocaine it gets absorbed through the nasal tissues of the nose. It then enters the bloodstream, and brain. The user will not receive a high as quickly as they would if it were smoked.
Crack - is a drug that is smoked. It is heated into a pipe, where vapors are released and inhaled into the lungs. It is smoked and then enters the lungs. Once in the lungs it is easily absorbed into the bloodstream, and the user experiences an almost immediate high. The high occurs almost as quick as injection.
Crack cocaine, often nicknamed “crack” after the sound made during its manufacture and when smoked, first gained popularity in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods in New York, Los Angeles and Miami in late 1984 and 1985.
Change in a person’s relationship (marital and friendship) When psychological dependence develops the user will do almost anything to get their hands on it. “Coke Bugs” Extreme paranoia Feelings of euphoria Alertness/Edgy Psychosis
SStroke HHeart Irregularities IIncreased blood pressure LLow sex-drive SSevere Insomnia DDepression DDEATH…due to heart or lung failure.
Cocaine is actually used as a local anesthetic, but it rarely appears in the street in its medical solution. It is used in surgeries dealing with eye and ear problems.
Methamphetamine releases high levels of dopamine, which stimulates brain cells and enhances mood and body movement. Methamphetamine can also cause damage to brain cells that contain dopamine and serotonin. Methamphetamines were given to soldiers during World War II, around the time they were created. It costs $1,000 to make $20,000 worth of meth! A high off crystal meth can last from 6-24 hours!
In 2005 6.2% of high school students reported using meth at least once. More than 85% of the meth in the United States comes from labs in California and Mexico. In 2004 8,000 meth labs were seized in the Unites States. Child welfare seized 3,000 children from these labs! According to police, the price of a dose of cocaine that would give a user a 20 minute high will buy enough meth to keep a user buzzed for a day or two.
HHow is meth used? SSnorted, injected, or in its crystalline form smoked. SSmoking – Almost immediate flow to the brain, and feelings are felt almost instantly. SSmoked with a pipe.
VVisual and auditory hallucinations. IIntense anger and paranoia. – Can lead to homicidal or suicidal thoughts, and actions. OObsessive behaviors. PParanoia AAnxiety ““Meth bugs” – The feeling or sensation of tiny bugs crawling around your body.
AAccelerated Heart Beat BBrain Damage HHypertension IInsomnia IImpaired immune system BBlood clots KKidney/liver damage IIrreversible damage to blood vessels of the brain. CCracked teeth/change in facial appearance.