Presentation on theme: "ENERGY DRINKS, CAFFEINE & SUPPLEMENTS Created by Naval Hospital Health Promotion 2008."— Presentation transcript:
ENERGY DRINKS, CAFFEINE & SUPPLEMENTS Created by Naval Hospital Health Promotion 2008
How are stimulants used? Medically, they are now prescribed for only a few health conditions, including narcolepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and short-term treatment of obesity. They are swallowed and may be injected when abused.
Short-term effects of stimulants Stimulants increase the amount of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain Increases blood pressure Increases heart rate Constricts blood vessels, Increases blood glucose, Increases breathing rate. Effects can feel like an increase alertness, attention, and energy along with a sense of euphoria. There is also the potential for cardiovascular failure (heart attack) or lethal seizures.
Long–term effects of stimulants Stimulants can be addictive in that individuals begin to use them compulsively. Taking high doses of some stimulants repeatedly over a short time can lead to feelings of hostility or paranoia. Additionally, taking high doses of a stimulant may result in dangerously high body temperatures and an irregular heartbeat. There is also the potential for cardiovascular failure (heart attack) or lethal seizures.
Let’s look at some common stimulants
Caffeine Quick Facts Naturally found in leaves, seeds, and fruits of plants Coffee, tea, chocolate and some soft drinks Used as a flavoring agent Also known as trimethylxanthine
Caffeine Consumption Experts agree: moderation and common sense are key Moderation = 300 mg; or about 3 cups of coffee Adult per capita consumption is approximately 200 mg daily
Caffeine Metabolism Mild central nervous system stimulant Caffeine effects vary greatly per individual Caffeine is excreted within several hours of consumption
Caffeine & Performance MAY increase alertness and enhance performance Improved physical endurance Enhanced mental abilities Moderation is key More is not better!!
Women’s Health Research supports mild consumption of caffeine for consumers, including pregnant, nursing, and post- menopausal women Heart Disease: Some people may experience temporary and minor rise in blood pressure, similar to climbing a flight of stairs depending on amount of consumption.
Questions About Caffeine & Health Issues Hydration: Reports that caffeine “causes dehydration” should say “contributes to dehydration” Caffeine consumption does stimulate mild diuresis, but this is usually offset by the liquid with which it is typically consumed Tolerance to caffeine reduces the chance of fluid imbalance
Caffeine and Kids Except for infants, children metabolize caffeine more rapidly than adults However, pound for pound, children are no more sensitive to caffeine than adults
What This Means to You Researchers continue to study caffeine and health issues Overwhelming scientific evidence shows mild caffeine consumption is safe Moderation is key (no more than 300mg per day is recommended)
COFFEE 6oz. Cup of coffee = 100mg of caffeine What size do you consume? How many per day?
TEA 6 oz cup of tea = 70mg of caffeine What size do you consume? How many per day?
Caffeinated Soda 12oz can = 50mg of caffeine 150 calories What size do you consume? How many per day?
Other Foods with Caffeine Name Type Caffeine (mg) Serve Blitz Energy GumGum55per piece Buzz Bites Chocolate ChewsChocolate100per chew Dannon Coffee YogurtYogurt36per tub (6oz) DexatrimPills200per pill Diablo Energy StripsStrips25per strip EboostTablets80per tablet EQ TabletsBuyTablets80per tablet Häagen-Dazs Coffee Ice CreamIce Cream48per cup (8oz) HeadshotBars22per bar Hershey's Chocolate BarChocolate9per chocolate bar Hershey's Special DarkChocolate18 per chocolate bar (1.45oz) Hershey's with AlmondsChocolate8per chocolate bar
Other Foods with Caffeine Name Type Caffeine (mg) Serve Jelly Belly Extreme Sports BeansJelly Beans50per 1 oz bag Jet AlertTablets100per tablet Jolt GumGum12.7per piece Kickbutt Amped Energy BallzBalls40per ball Kit KatCandy6per bar Mad-Croc Energy ChewsChews8per piece Mad-Croc Energy GumGum40per piece No-DozPills100per pill No-Doz, Maximum StrengthPills200per pill NRage Energy StripsStrips20per strip NRG Potato ChipsChips175per 1.75 oz bag Reese's Peanut Butter CupsCandy4per butter cup Rocket ChocolateChocolate42per piece Stay Alert (U.S. Army)Gum100per piece VivarinPills200per pill
Over the Counter Medications Anacin = 32mg caffeine per tablet No-Doz = 100mg caffeine per tablet Vivarin = 200mg caffeine per tablet Dexatrim = 200mg caffeine per tablet How many do you take?
AMP 16oz. 142mg caffeine 240 calories
FULL THROTTLE 16oz. 144 mg of caffeine 200 calories
Rockstar 16 oz. 240mg of caffeine 260 calories
TOP 10 ENERGY DRINKS Based on caffeine content Fixx 20oz 500 mg of caffeine Boo-Koo Energy 24oz 360 mg of caffeine Boo-Koo Energy Redline Power Rush 2.5oz 350 mg of caffeine Redline Power Rush Spike Shotgun 16oz. 350 mg of caffeine Spike Shotgun Wired X344 16oz. 344 mg of caffeine Wired X344 Starbucks Grande Coffee 16oz. 330 mg of caffeine Starbucks Grande Coffee All City NRG 16oz. 300 mg of caffeine All City NRG SPIKE Shooter 8.4oz. 300 mg of caffeine SPIKE Shooter Viso Energy Vigor 20oz. 300 mg of caffeine Viso Energy Vigor Cocaine Energy Drink 8.4oz. 280 mg of caffeine Cocaine Energy Drink
Dependence/Withdrawal Moderate caffeine consumption is safe and should not be classified with addictive drugs of abuse When regular caffeine consumption is abruptly discontinued, some people may experience temporary withdrawal symptoms
CAFFEINE & DEHYDRATION 16 oz. of WATER must be consumed for every 8 oz. of “energy drink” consumed to combat the dehydration effects.
TAURINE Amino acid found in the heart muscle, WBC, skeletal muscle, central nervous system and bile. Found naturally in fish, eggs, shellfish, meat, and milk. Caution: can interfere with seizure disorders, edema, and high blood pressure Effects mimic caffeine!!
GINSENG Not for consumption by pregnant women Not for people under age 40 with depression, acute anxiety, or acute inflammatory disease Contributes to headaches, restlessness, raised blood pressure, and other side effects when combined with caffeine
GUARANA CNS stimulant Known as a hidden “caffeine” Cardiac stimulation Mild diuretic action Can cause hypoglycemia.
GUARANA Guarana contains a high amount of guaranine, a chemical substance with the same characteristics as caffeine. This makes Guarana a stimulant similar to coffee, which means that it: quickens perceptions delays sleep helps with endurance based activities can help to recover from a hangover impairs the appetite will lead to more frequent visits to the toilet causes a higher blood pressure and an increased heart rate can make you feel jittery and may prevent sleep at all.
Death by Caffeine The toxic effects of caffeine include vomiting and abdominal pain as well as CNS symptoms including agitation, altered conscious state, rigidity and seizures. Most deaths associated with caffeine intoxication have occurred after overdose with diet pills and stimulants and most have occurred in young patients without known underlying heart disease.
Dietary Supplements Over the Counter Performance Enhancement
ANABOLIC STEROIDS Dianabol, testosterone, etc. Studies show increases in strength/muscle mass. No evidence for increased aerobic capacity or running speed. Studies use lower doses than athletes, but side effects include;Cholesterol changes, heart attack, stroke, liver tumors, prostate problems, mood changes.
Creatine What is it? Natural substance found in fish and meat Creatine is a protein like compound made by the liver, kidney, and pancreas. It is stored in muscle cells. Function: Muscles use Creatine, in the form of Phosphocreatine, to generate energy during intense exercise Claim: energy/muscular strength, burns fat, improves endurance, delays fatigue
Creatine Side Effects: weight gain, muscle cramping, nausea, diarrhea, kidney problems? liver problems? Increases body’s water requirements and may contribute to dehydration Dosage Loading: g/day for days Maintenance: 2 g/day
PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTS COST COMPARISON Daily Cost of 2grams Protein per kg for a 70kg (154 lb) person Brand name protein powder $9.80/day ($0.07/g protein) Generic Protein Powder $2.80/day ($0.02/g protein) 1 can Tuna $2.80/day ($0.02/g protein)
“The Stack” - Advertised as potent thermogenic fat burner
Ephedrine & caffeine and aspirin stack?
Do Not Use If:
Warnings: As with all Supplements, please ask your Physician before using. Do not use these supplements if you are pregnant or nursing, or you are at risk or are being treated for high blood pressure, heart, liver Thyroid or psychiatric disease, diabetes pernicious anemia, nervousness, headache, anxiety, depression, seizure disorder, nausea, stroke or difficulty in urination due to prostate enlargement. Consult your health care Professional before use if you are taking Mao inhibitor or any other prescription drug. Discontinue use and consult your health care professional if dizziness sleeplessness, tremors, nervousness, headache, heart palpitations or tingling sensations occur. Not intended for use for persons under the age of 18. Do not take this product with any other PRESCRIPTION or NON PRESCRIPTION drug especially if it contains Diuretic or Caffeine./ Do not drink any coffee or tea with caffeine while taking this product. Do not take more than the recommended amount. WARNING LABEL !
Questions to Ask Before Taking a Supplement WHY are you taking this supplement? What are ALL the ingredients? What are the possible side effects? Are known adverse events associated with use of this supplement? Will it interact with any other medicines?
Overall Concerns & Supplements Lack of Regulation Lack of Dosage Control Labels May Be Incorrect Anyone Can Manufacture Impurities Possible (lead, arsenic) Lack of Long Term Use Research
General Guidelines Choose well known brands. Quality & ingredients vary greatly. Drink lots of water. Hydration may prevent many complications. Watch out for early side effects. Mild sxs: nausea & diarrhea can affect performance. More is not better. Do not take larger dose than recommended on label. Inform your healthcare provider.