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4.2 Exponential Decay Functions

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1 4.2 Exponential Decay Functions
Retesting Opportunity: Dec. 1 Quiz: Dec. 3 Performance Exam: Dec. 4

2 Vocabulary An exponential decay function has the form y = abx, where a > 0 and 0 < b < 1. The base b of an exponential function is called the decay factor. The time required for a substance to fall to half its initial value is called half-life.

3 Example 1: Graph y = (1/2)x

4 Example 2: Graph y = -3(2/5)x

5 Example 3: Graph y = 3(1/2)x+1 – 2

6 Vocabulary Exponential Decay Model
The amount y of the quantity after t years can be modeled by the equation y = a(1 – r)t, where a is the initial amount and r is the percent decrease expressed as a decimal. Note that the quantity 1 – r is the decay factor.

7 Example 4: The rate at which caffeine is eliminated from the bloodstream is about 15% per hour. An adult drinks a caffeinated soda, and the caffeine in his or her bloodstream reaches a peak level of 30 milligrams. Predict the amount, to the nearest tenth of a milligram, of caffeine remaining 1 hour after peak and 4 hours after the peak level.

8 Solution: In growth to obtain the growth factor we added our rate, so exponential decay we _________ the rate of decay from 100%. What is our decay factor? Write the expression for the caffeine level x hours after the peak level. 30(.85)x 85% or 0.85

9 Solution continued: What is the amount of caffeine remaining after 1 hour? 25.5 milligrams After 4 hours? 15.7 milligrams

10 Homework: P. 137 #1-11odd P. 138 #10

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