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Chemical Caffeine is the world's favorite psychoactive substance.

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Presentation on theme: "Chemical Caffeine is the world's favorite psychoactive substance."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chemical Caffeine is the world's favorite psychoactive substance

3  Coffee  Tea  Soda  Chocolate  Medications

4  Oral  Inhaled  Rectal

5  Added to pain killers for treating headache  Asthma  Gallbladder disease  ADHD  Shortness of breath in new born babies  Low blood pressure  Weight loss

6  Type 2 Diabetes  Decrease urine output  Dermatitis  Increase athletic ability

7  Stimulates the Central Nervous System ◦ Brain ◦ Spinal Cord ◦ Heart rate ◦ Blood Pressure  It takes about 5 minutes for caffeine to begin to stimulate the CNS, 30 minutes for the full effect.

8  Adrenal exhaustion  High blood sugar  Abnormal sleep patterns  Depression  Dehydration  Malnutrition  Caffeine tolerance  Withdrawal

9 MG per day is not harmful in healthy adults.

10  Insomnia  Nervousness  Restlessness  Irritability  Stomach upset  Fast heartbeat  Muscle tremors

11  Most of us intake more than the recommended amount per day.

12  Coffee-134 MG  Cappuccino-234 MG  Iced Tea –110 MG  Chai Tea-120 MG  Soda (dark)-50 MG average  Cocaine energy shot-280 MG  Rock Star energy shot-200 MG  5 hour energy-138 MG  Jolt-280MG

13  NOS-260MG  Monster-160 MG  Redline-350 MG  Rock Star-330 MG  Chocolate-100MG  No Doz-200 MG  Excedrin-130MG

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15  Crystallized caffeine inhaler/ingested  100 MG of caffeine depending on how deep you inhale

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17  A. Recent consumption of caffeine, usually in excess of 250 mg (e.g., more than 2-3 cups of coffee).  B. Five (or more) of the following signs, developing during, or shortly after, caffeine use:  restlessness  nervousness  excitement  insomnia  flushed face  diuresis  gastrointestinal disturbance  muscle twitching  rambling flow of thought and speech  tachycardia or cardiac arrhythmia  periods of in inexhaustibility  psychomotor agitation

18  C. The symptoms in criterion B cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.  The symptoms are not due to a general medical condition and are not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., an anxiety disorder).  Information from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IVDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV

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20  Headache  Increase jaw tension  Lethargy  Low motivation  Sleep disturbances  Stomach ulcers  Depression

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22 Even though many states have banned alcoholic/energy drinks there are increasing numbers of college age students showing up in the Emergency Room and calling poison control centers with alcohol intoxication. Why? Because they are mixing their own alcoholic/energy drinks.

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24 Energy DrinkAlcohol  Stimulate  Increase heart rate  Nausea  Seizures  Depressant  Pass out  Vomit  Aspirate Usually someone who drinks will eventually pass out. If they are drinking alcohol with energy drinks, the caffeine will keep them awake and allow them to drink increasingly large amounts of alcohol and become more intoxicated.

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26  Fruit flavored malt beverage-watermelon, cherry, lemonade, etc.  12% alcohol as much as a 6 pack of beer  As much caffeine as 5 cups of coffee

27  Increase dopamine levels in the body  What is dopamine? The neurotransmitter in the brain that is associated with rewards.  Therefore once the reward system is activated then you continue to reward more and more.

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