Presentation on theme: "The Dangers of Caffeine-Spiked Energy Drinks"— Presentation transcript:
1The Dangers of Caffeine-Spiked Energy Drinks Buzz In A BottleThe Dangers ofCaffeine-SpikedEnergy Drinks
2Learning Objectives: Define what caffeine is and where it comes from Understand why it is difficult to know the true caffeine content of energy drinksUnderstand that “energy” provided by many energy drinks is a result of caffeine and sugarUnderstand that caffeine can have addictive properties
3IntroductionEnergy drink manufacturers know that people want immediate tangible results. In the middle of a busy day, we seek instant remedies for our lagging energy. Instead of focusing on improving our diets and sleep habits, many of us turn to energy drinks for a boost. Afterall, what harm could come from beverages that are available at any grocery store, deli or vending machine?
4Energy DrinksEnergy drink slogans are as different as the drinks themselves, but they all work to appeal to the ideal consumer crowd. Energy drinks, unlike other beverages, are traditionally marketed to a very small, specific consumer group. For example, some energy drink brands focus on extreme sports enthusiasts, others cater to students and their energy needs, and still others try to attract the video game crowd. Top energy drinks by brand are Red bull in first place, followed by Rockstar and Monster. The target market for energy drinks is mostly male teenagers and young adults.
5What are Energy Drinks?Beverages that are marketed as ways to increase alertness and short-term energy.
6SummaryEnergy drinks contain a variety of ingredients, primarily caffeine or guarana and vitaminsIndustry is driven by health and wellness trendsNo scientific evidence to prove energy drink claimsEnergy drinks are primarily consumed by the younger generation, people who are “on-the-go”
7Industry History Nearly 20 years old Began in Europe & Asia Red Bull: first in US in 1997Hansen also based in US in 1997First became popular with athletes in US - extra energy for workouts & competitions
8How popular are energy drinks? Sales of the hundreds of energy drinks on the market have exploded, growing from $1.2 million in 2002 to $6.6 billion in 2007.It is estimated that by 2011, sales of energy drinks will reach $9 billionThe primary market for these drinks is males between the age of 13 and 35 years old.
9How much caffeine is in energy drinks? Varies depending on the brand.For Example, Red Bull contains 80 mg of caffeine in an 8.4 ounce can, which is less than an average cup of coffee (133 mg) but more than a Coke or Pepsi (35-38 mg). Other brands contain 300 mg or more caffeine.
10How much caffeine is in energy drinks? The total amount of caffeine in an energy drink can be substantially increased by the inclusion of other caffeine-containing ingredients.Many energy drinks include substances that naturally contain caffeine, such as guarana, kola nut, yerba mate, and green tea.
11What other ingredients are in energy drinks? Energy drinks often contain sugar or other sweeteners, as well as a range of vitamins (especially B group vitamins), amino acids (such as taurine), and herbal supplements (such as ginkgo, echinacea, and ginseng).
12What are the health effects of drinking energy drinks? Drinking energy drinks in moderation is not necessarily harmful. Excessive consumption of energy drinks containing caffeine, however, can result in the same health effects related to consuming too much caffeine, such as insomnia, jitters, nervousness, gastrointestinal problems, and heart palpitations.Like sodas, the amount of sugar and empty calories (calories that do not contain nutrients) in energy drinks contribute to poor dietary health when consumed regularly.
13Do energy drinks counteract the effects of alcohol? While the stimulant properties of an energy drink may make you think you are more alert and sober, energy drinks do not actually reduce the intoxicating, depressant effects of alcohol on your body.In addition, mixing energy drinks with alcohol can cause dehydration because both are diuretics, meaning that they increase the rate of urination.
14Common Facts About How Caffeine Affects the Human Body Acts by stimulating the central nervous system.It has been shown to increase memory function and make users feel more energetic, alert and productive.Can cause jitters, an overstimulation of the central nervous system that can cause nervous shaking.Excess can cause insomnia, or inability to fall asleep.Over consumption can lead to caffeine intoxication. Symptoms include fever, low blood pressure, rapid or irregular heartbeat, rapid breathing, severe tremors, seizures, and (rarely) death.
15Energy Drink Ingredients Stimulants -Caffeine – often touted as “equal to a cup of coffee” — which tells us next to nothing, of course because cups of coffee just like coffee itself varies greatly from product to product (wondering why full disclosure is not required)Guarana – Made from the seeds of a plant native to Brazil, guarana speeds up the brain’s activity and is used to promote weight loss due to its stimulant and diuretic effect. Guarana contains 3% to 5% caffeine.Yerba maté - A stimulant beverage similar to tea, very popular in South America, brewed from the dried leaves and stemlets of a member of the holly family. Also contains some caffeine.
16Energy Drink Ingredients Amino Acids – amino acids are often referred to as the building blocks of proteins.Taurine is a common one. Taurine is an amino acid that was first discovered in bulls. It is naturally occurring in humans and deserves it’s own post.L-Carnitine – An amino acid usually created by your liver and kidneys which helps raise metabolism and energy levels.
17Energy Drink Ingredients B-Group Vitamins – B-6, B-1, B-2 in particular – Known for increasing energy levels; B vitamins are needed to convert food into energy.
18Alcoholic Energy Drinks “Alcospeed” What is “alcospeed”?Alcoholic beverages, often flavored malt beverages, pre-mixed with stimulants such as caffeine, guarana, taurine and ginseng. They usually have elevated alcohol content.
19Dangers of Mixing Alcohol with Energy Drinks Laboratory research suggests that when caffeine is mixed with alcohol it overcomes the sedating effects of alcohol and people may perceive that they are less intoxicated than they really areConsuming alcohol with stimulants incurs physiological effects such as feelings that one can drink more than previously thought or that one’s level of intoxication is less than expected.
20Advertising and Energy Drinks Use distribution as a marketing tool - fashionable night clubs, convenience stores, and gas stations.Red Bull increased it’s advertising expenditures from $2 million in 1998 to more than $40 million in In 2004, Red Bull spent $600 millionEnergy drink companies market themselves around extreme sports and adventure. Red Bull supports 240 athletes worldwide to help promote their productMonster is known for its high advertising budget
21Red Bull Energy Drinks Logo: Two charging bulls Colors: Red, blue, white/silver, yellowSlogan: “Red Bull gives you wiiiings”Commercials: Generally cartoons; sometimes spoofs on famous stories (Rapunzel, Frog prince, Aladdin, Adam and Eve, Petrus)
22Underlying MessageRed Bull is essential to having a fulfilling life, because it can make your life exciting and fun. With the energy drink, anyone can conquer things that were never possible before.
23Rockstar Energy Drinks Logo: StarColors: Gold, Black, Red, WhiteSlogan: “Party Like A Rockstar”Ads: Typically with attractive girls in bikinis and projecting a party image
24Rockstar Advertisement Ad setting is in a Jacuzzi during the eveningTwo hot females in bikinis, one calling up people to come over for a party and the other pouring herself a rockstar drink in a champagne glass.Rockstar is being chilled in the ice chest, replacing what would normally be alcohol.
25Rockstar - MessageLiteral meaning: Rockstar will make you cool, sexy, wealthy, famous, and powerfulDrinking Rockstar will make you feel energized, healthy, and strong. If you drink Rockstar, it will also help you look sexy, stay in shape, and feel good all day.Hidden Subtext: Buy our product and you will live, feel, and act like a Rockstar.
26Xyience Energy DrinksLogo: Large circle in the center with smaller circle on the left of it.Colors: Each drink has a specific color that represents its flavor.Slogan: “Xtreme science for your active lifestyle”Commercial: Attractive woman drinking it and dancing with energy.
27Xyience - CommercialAttractive woman slouching in chair with obviously no energy to moveThe woman picks up a can of Xyience energy drink and takes a sipImmediately gains energy and begins dancingFollowed by a large explosion in the background
28Xyience - AppealsThe need for sex – the Xyience add oozes sex appeal and is directly aimed at male population, which is the target audience for energy drinks. Sex appeal is clearly seen throughout the ad, but especially when the model kisses the can at the end of the ad. Also, the clothes (or more accurately, the lack of clothes) in the ad easily capture the attention of male viewers.The need for escape – the illusion that if you drink this energy drink, you could potentially have this woman. Xyience presents an opportunity to escape from an unfulfilling life without the women in the Xyience advertisements. Furthermore, the company plays up the chance to “have” the woman in the ad by providing desktop photos, etc.
29Underlying MessageXyience will give you explosive energy even when you are exhausted.Xyience will make you sexy and bring excitement to your life.Xyience is a blessing to have in your life (expressed when the model kisses the can at the end)
30Monster Energy DrinksLogo: Big “creepy” M looks like it’s been slashed or clawed as if a Monster has created it.Colors: Green and White for main logo. Colors of logos on cans are different depending on the productSlogan: “Unleash the Beast!”Commercials: Usually ad prints or internet ads
31Monster Print AdAd has a race car driver, presuming someone famous and driver of the Monster Energy race careSlogan is on the upper left hand side “Unleash the Beast!” in standard Monster green colorRace car is center of shot and has flames coming out of it
32Monster - Appeals Need to Affiliation Race car fans and clubs – many people, a large majority of the men, want to be affiliated with racingNeed to escapeThe dream of driving a race car; getting to go fastNeed to aggressRacing is an aggressive sportThe flames in the ad also hint at aggression
33Underlying MessageProduct messages are definitely slanted towards males – their target audience. “Unleash the Beast!” really aims to convenience the consumer that their product will give them a real increase of energy and make them tougher, boosts athletic performance or powers of concentration – this could be why it appeals to the extreme sports fans.