Presentation on theme: "Caffeine-related disorders All answers are from DSM-IV-TR and First and Tasman [pages 440-464] unless otherwise indicated. This edition was done on 1Sep08."— Presentation transcript:
Caffeine-related disorders All answers are from DSM-IV-TR and First and Tasman [pages 440-464] unless otherwise indicated. This edition was done on 1Sep08.
Action of caffeine Q. What is the cellular site of action of caffeine?
Action of caffeine Ans. Adenosine receptor antagonist. By antagonizing adenosine, caffeine increases dopamine activity.
Role of adenosine Q. What physiological effects does adenosine produce?
Role of adenosine Ans. In general, adenosine is a suppressant of brain activity. Also an antidiuretic, inhibits rennin release, inhibits gastric secretion, and inhibits lipolysis. [If asked and don’t remember, remember that it is the opposite of what a cup of coffee does, so can guess some of the answer.]
Caffeine in coffee Q. How much caffeine in a six oz of coffee?
Caffeine in coffee Ans. About 100 mg. Remembering this will get you in the ballpark of how much in other drinks.
Other sources of caffeine Q. What other drinks or foods have caffeine?
Other sources of caffeine Ans. Soft drinks Tea Chocolate [also, might say that some analgesics contain caffeine]
Average intake Q. In the US, what is the average caffeine intake per day?
Caffeine-related disorders Q. What are the DSM-IV caffeine-related disorders?
Caffeine-related disorders Ans. Caffeine intoxication Caffeine-related anxiety disorder Caffeine-related sleep disorder Caffeine disorder, NOS [Note, no “abuse” or “dependence” because DSM authors thought that evidence for such was insufficient, but if you think the evidence is overwhelming in a pt, can use NOS.]
Caffeine intoxication Q. DSM-IV lists 12 signs and expects at least 5 for the dx of caffeine intoxication. See how many of the 12 you can name? [There is a lot of overlap among the 12, so don’t expect to get all.]
Caffeine intoxication -1 Ans. 1. Restlessness 2. Nervousness 3. Excitement 4. Insomnia 5. Flushed face 6. Diuresis [see next screen]
Caffeine intoxication - 2 7. GI complaints 8. Muscle twitching 9. Rambling speech 10. Tachycardia or arrhythmia 11. Periods of inexhaustibility 12. Agitation
Differential dx Q. Differential dx of caffeine intoxication?
Differential dx Ans. -- other substance-induced stimulant intoxications -- other substance-induced sedative withdrawal -- mania -- panic disorder -- generalized anxiety disorder -- sleep disorder -- medication side effect, especially those that have akathisia
Tolerance Q. Do people develop tolerance to caffeine?
Tolerance Ans. Yes, very much so, even though DSM- IV doesn’t recognize dependence.
Treatment of caffeine intoxication Q. What is the treatment of caffeine intoxication?
Treatment of caffeine intoxication Ans. Supportive. First and Tasman focus on educating the pt about the dangers of caffeine – i.e., prevention, not focus on the episode itself.
Caffeine withdrawal Q. Signs of caffeine withdrawal are what?
Caffeine withdrawal Ans. Headache, Sluggishness Drowsiness Dysphoria Irritability Nausea Muscle soreness or stiffness
Caffeine withdrawal course Q. What is the typical course of caffeine withdrawal
Caffeine withdrawal course Ans. Onset between 12 and 24 hours of last ingestion of caffeine, signs get worse for the next day or two, and last 2 to 7 days.
Treatment of caffeine withdrawal Q. What is the treatment of caffeine withdrawal?
Caffeine withdrawal treatment Ans. Give caffeine and taper.
Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder Q. How does caffeine-induced anxiety disorder differ from caffeine intoxication or withdrawal?
Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder Ans. The signs of anxiety are more severe than those seen in intoxication or in withdrawal