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AYRSHIRE ADULT SUPPORT & PROTECTION PROCEDURES North Ayrshire Council, East Ayrshire Council, South Ayrshire Council, NHS Ayrshire & Arran Strathclyde.

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Presentation on theme: "AYRSHIRE ADULT SUPPORT & PROTECTION PROCEDURES North Ayrshire Council, East Ayrshire Council, South Ayrshire Council, NHS Ayrshire & Arran Strathclyde."— Presentation transcript:

1 AYRSHIRE ADULT SUPPORT & PROTECTION PROCEDURES North Ayrshire Council, East Ayrshire Council, South Ayrshire Council, NHS Ayrshire & Arran Strathclyde Police

2 Objectives To explore the support and protection of adults at risk. To clarify operational duties and processes. To identify best practice and areas of development. Introduce Interim pan-Ayrshire & Arran ASP Procedures. To consider the range of legal options. Familiarise staff with procedure to be followed when it is suspected that harm has occurred. Identify the roles and responsibilities of the agencies involved.

3 Learning Outcomes: You Will Know …. Harm happens. What it is, where it happens and how it happens. What to do and how to progress concerns. The systems in place. Health Board, Local Authority and Strathclyde Police responsibilities, duties and powers. The legislative basis; ‘the toolbox’ Borders enquiry; learnings to apply here. Ms A; Justice Denied.

4 Introduction – historical context Growing public awareness of abuse/media coverage of incidents and public enquiries. Increasing older population of potential adults at risk. Procedures introduced from 2000, updated National policy; Law Commission 1997, Borders Inquiry, SG consultation 2005, ASP Bill. AWI & MHA left gaps re ‘vulnerable adult’ and ‘adult at risk’. Adult Support and Protection (Scotland) Act 2007

5 Introduction - purpose Introduction - purpose Prevention – always the first priority Procedures – the structure Action where harm has occurred Partnership across all sectors Abuse; an action Harm; the outcome

6 Abuse; group exercise Definitions; what is abuse Examples; from professional experience Signs; what to look for Who abuses; ?? Context; where, when, how Discuss in groups and feedback

7 What is Abuse? An action. A violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by any other person. The wrongful application of power by someone in a dominant position. Includes aggressive, subtle and non- intentional acts, deficiency of care and treatment, exploitation, harm. Others …. ‘the martini approach’ ??

8 Abuse: examples Physical Emotional/Psychological Deprivation of …. Isolation Financial/Material Sexual Human Rights Institutional Malpractice Verbal Neglect Self Neglect Racial Abuse/Discrimination Random Violence Domestic Abuse Ageism Information Abuse Medication

9 Some Signs Unusual or suspicious injuries. Unusual or unexplained behaviour. Allegations of abuse. Adult found alone in a situation of risk. Frequent/inappropriate contact with agencies. Interval between injury/illness and contact. Living with known perpetrator. Misuse of medication. Physical deterioration. Increases in confusion. Demonstration of fearof another person. Others.

10 Abuser? ANYONE Staff member. Professional. Volunteer. Another person receiving the service. Spouse, relative, member of social network. Neighbour, member of public, stranger. A person who targets vulnerable people.

11 Abuse: Context Own home. A carer’s home. Residential/nursing care. Work setting. Educational setting. Hospital. Social situations/public place. Hostel/temporary accommodation. Accommodation with support.

12 Borders Report; facts A woman with learning disability taken to hospital with multiple injuries from physical assault and sexual assault. Police investigation revealed a catalogue of abuse and assaults over previous weeks and longer. Three men were convicted of the assaults in Over many years events and statements were taken by social work, health services and Police that raised serious concerns. Others were receiving care under the same circumstances, with varying degree of learning disability, physical disabilities and mental health needs, which were largely neglected. They were neglected, lived in unsuitable and unsanitary conditions and were financially and sexually exploited.

13 Borders Report; Some Findings Failure to investigate appropriately serious allegations of abuse. Acceptance of poor conditions in which the people lived. Lack of comprehensive needs assessments. Lack of risk assessments. Lack of information sharing and co-ordination. Disagreements between agencies at the front line. Un-sustained contact with the individuals concerned. Poor case recordings. Lack of care planning. Failure to consider statutory intervention. Lack of compliance with VA procedures. Poor supervision. Lack of senior management and leadership. Lack of clarity of role.

14 Borders Report; Recommendations Review all cases of adults with learning disability to assess level of risk and quality of service. Review of LD services. Guidance of staff on complex cases. Vulnerable adult procedures. Comply with SSSC codes of practice. Improve training for MHOs. Acute discharge protocols. Develop better risk assessment methods. Improve case recording and review mechanisms. Introduce random case monitoring processes. Monitor the effectiveness of case transfer arrangements. Share information more effectively.

15 Borders; learnings Is about people Key messages: ØAttitudes (they live this way!) ØFragmentation of service response (who had the whole picture?) ØIdentifying risk at key times. ØCommunication and transfer of information. ØAudit/recording/monitoring. ØResolving differing views (two tribes). ØPoor consideration of statutory powers.

16 Borders Report; A Check List Allocated worker with necessary skills and experience. All relevant information been gathered? Chronology of events and implications of these events understood? Comprehensive assessment, including risk? Care and protection plan? Statutory intervention considered? Individual seen on regular basis? Good communication and collaboration? Case been reviewed in accordance with procedure? Case been subject to oversight by line manager?

17 Underpinning Principles Every adult has a right to be protected from all forms of abuse, neglect and exploitation that result in harm The adult’s welfare takes primacy Self-determination If self-determination over-ridden, must be proportionate and be least disruptive response ASP, AWI & MHA all take into account; Privacy, dignity, safety, choice, respect, empowerment, equal consideration, preferences, participation, benefit, minimum intervention

18 Adults Have Rights Adults have the right to make their own decisions in relation to their safety, security and behaviours: And can only be overturned by law Can the person understand the nature and consequences of the risks they may be subject to Can the person consent to any intervention that may be proposed Does the person have the capacity to make informed decisions to accept or refuse assistance

19 Consider…. CONSENT CAPACITY RISK Consider; context, degree, frequency, outcome, effect

20 Dilemmas Intruding on someone’s liberty vs protecting this person. Acting vs not acting. Respecting the victim’s pride and fear of recrimination vs taking action. Dealing with tyranny vs respecting individual choice and control. Respecting vs intruding on confidentiality. Criminality vs confidentiality and fear

21 Ms A – Justice Denied Mental Welfare Commission Report – April year old woman with a learning disability and in care of local authority since age 8 Repeated sexual assaults by more than one man over a prolonged period of time The protective supports now in place amount to a severe restriction of liberty

22 Ms A No prosecution People with a learning disability should have equal access to justice (UN Convention on Rights of People with a Disability) “... the responses of health, social care and criminal justice services combined to deny Ms A access to justice” (MWC report) Attitudes of professionals towards people with a learning disability affected their responses – different standards applied

23 Ms A - findings Staff in agencies were confused about their professional responsibilities in reporting a crime Knowledge of relevant legislation and procedures lacking No consensus on whether Ms A had the capacity to consent to sexual activity Assessment of her competence as a witness did not include people who knew her well No consideration on support and means of preparing Ms A to act as witness PF left with little option than to abandon any action

24 Ms A; small group discussion Consider the facts and findings in the case of Ms A What changes would you bring into place What recommendations would you make Could this happen here

25 Ms A; selected recommendations APC to coordinate multi-agency training on capacity and consent to sexual activity and vulnerable witnesses APC to ensure procedures include reference to vulnerable adult witness support APC to ensure procedures allow for appropriate sharing of information Clarify role of MHO in adult protection case conferences

26 Ms A

27 AYRSHIRE ADULT SUPPORT & PROTECTION PROCEDURES North Ayrshire Council, East Ayrshire Council, South Ayrshire Council, NHS Ayrshire & Arran Strathclyde Police

28 Inter-agency responsibilities Common responsibilities All staff must be capable of recognising and acting on concerns for the safety of adults (and children) Are familiar with the inter-agency procedures to support and protect adults at risk Can take immediate action in an emergency Cooperation across partner agencies Sharing of information for the purposes of inquiries and protection planning Be alert to child protection concerns where a child is present where an adult is at risk of harm

29 Whistleblowing Guidelines, protection and reassurances to encourage disclosures of suspected or actual malpractice. Staff have the right to raise concerns and have them heard in an open and sensitive manner. Staff should be aware of procedures for whistleblowing, harassment policies, disciplinary procedures, complaints.

30 Framework for Assessment and Intervention All partner agencies must ensure staff have an awareness of adult protection issues and a working knowledge of systems and practice Social work is lead agency Referrals require full referral information Principles applied Referral to police if it is believed a criminal offence may have been committed Refer to full procedures

31 Your Initial Practical Responsibilities You witness, suspect or receive information about abuse: ØTalk to victim seek consent to take action. ØWhere person does not give consent for action, discuss with line manager. Emergency - contact appropriate emergency service. Consult with line manager/supervisor (if unavailable an alternative manager): ØTo refer to local authority social work department. ØTo refer to police where indications of a criminal offence (referral discussion to decide on appropriate action if victim does not wish to make complaint).

32 Referral process Refer to the community care team for the area in which the adult lives Enquiry and Information Team Prestwick, Kyle St, Riverside/Holmston, Maybole Or, if known to a specialist team Adult mental health, elderly mental health, learning disability, physical disability, sensory impairment Young adults; disability, throughcare Initial inquiries; check with appropriate others, eg, NHS SSW/DepMan consider information and determine ASP or other action, eg, care management

33 Referral process – young adults In addition to the referral routes listed previously, if a young adult of 16/17 is at risk of harm Establish if an order under children’s legislation is in place  If so, refer to the relevant C&F team  If not or not known, refer to relevant community care team Initial inquiries; check with appropriate others, eg, NHS SSW/DepMan consider information and determine ASP or other action, eg, care management

34 Initial Actions SSW/DepMan decide on level of investigation and plan Consider; consent, capacity, risk, services Safeguard the adult Professional judgement of recorded facts Context, degree, frequency, effect, outcomes Extent of harm, impact, a pattern, intent, legality, urgency Council Officer investigative role Investigation visit within 24 hours – council officer along with other appropriate person Case conference within 10 working days.

35 Case conference Purpose – to make decisions about support and protection Multi-agency; shared responsibilities Convened by SSW/DepMan Considers; – risk management and protection plan (JIT docs) – Inclusion of the adult – Legal options

36 Final pub quiz Describe definitions; – Of an adult at risk of harm – The 3 point test Define the principles What do we mean by ‘consent’, ‘capacity’ and ‘risk’ Answer the ‘martini’ question Describe some of the ways an adult might be harmed What protection orders are available What other laws are relevant Who are the partner agencies Who can carry out inquiries

37 Good practice in ASP Don’t promise to keep secrets. Don’t place yourself at risk Explain what you are going to do Protect people Accept responsibility Work in partnership Share and record information Be tenacious

38 AYRSHIRE ADULT SUPPORT & PROTECTION PROCEDURES NHS Ayrshire & Arran North Ayrshire Council, East Ayrshire Council, South Ayrshire Council, Strathclyde Police


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