Presentation on theme: "School Direct Shepway Teaching Schools"— Presentation transcript:
1 Exploring, investigating and identifying the scientific process (and the value of group work) School DirectShepway Teaching SchoolsCanterbury Christ Church UniversityPrimary 2013 – 2014JUDITH RODEN CSciTeach
2 The Nature of Science Talk to someone next to you What is ‘science’ in the real world?share these with others around you – are your ideas similar, or different?what do scientists do?Science is both a body of knowledge and a way of working.
3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJOOowG7Cwo View the film Anything to add?
4 Share your experience of science in school What is primary school science like?Write down three key things about teaching science that you have learned from your work in school.Share these with people next to you.
5 What methods are appropriate? Science should be enjoyed by learners:What methods might be appropriate?What methods have you seen?Let’s play a quick game!What does this approach offer to children’s learning?
6 Scientists and Engineers Draw a picture to show what a scientist does.Draw another picture to show what an engineer does.Share your drawings with colleaguesHow might children respond?
7 Attitudes Towards Science Write a few sentences to describe your feelings towards science.What factors affected your attitude towards science?See e.g. Silver, A, and Rushton, BS (2008) Primary School children’s attitudes towards science, engineering and technology and their images of scientists Education 3-13, 36:1, 51-67
9 Being Scientific Involves Process SkillsConceptsAttitudes
10 Process Skills Investigative Skills (National Curriculum) PlanningObtaining and presenting evidenceConsidering EvidenceWhich includesObservingQuestioningHypothesisingMeasuringRecordingPredictingDrawing conclusions
11 Early Years Foundation Stage Early Years Foundation Stage: Understanding the WorldIndicative behaviourShows curiosity and interest by exploring surroundings.Observes, selects and manipulates objects and materials.Identifies obvious similarities and differences when exploring and observing.Investigates...materials and living things by using all the senses as appropriate. Identifies some features and talks about the features.Asks questions about why things happen and how things work.Looks closely at similarities and differences patterns and change.
12 2014 National Curriculum The nature, processes and methods of science ‘Working scientifically’ specifies the understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science…focusing on the key features of scientific enquiry, so that pupils learn to use a variety of approaches to answer relevant scientific questions. These types of scientific enquiry should include: observing over time; pattern seeking; identifying, classifying and grouping; comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations); and researching using secondary sources.(DfE Science programmes of study: key stages 1 and 2 - National curriculum in England, September 2013, p.4)
13 Science’s contribution to key skills and thinking skills CommunicationApplication of NumberInformation TechnologyWorking with othersImproving own learning and performanceProblem solvingThinking SkillsInformation processing skillsReasoning skillsEnquiry SkillsCreative thinking skillsEvaluative skills
14 Concepts: the ‘ideas’ of science For example:ChangeElectricityMovementLightEtc.
15 AttitudesNot attitudes towards science but attitudes towards objects and events studied in science and the use of evidence in making sense of them
16 Attitudes Involved in Learning Science CuriosityRespect for evidenceWillingness to tolerate uncertaintyCreativity and inventivenessOpen mindednessCritical reflectionCooperation with othersSensitivity to living and non-living thingsPerseverance
17 What methods can we use to find out what children know? Discuss methods that you have seen or used in school What other methods can you think of to elicit children’s understanding?
20 KWHL grids What do you know about the heart and circulation system? K What questions do you have? WHow will you find out? HWhat have you learned? L
21 What I knowWhat I want to knowHow I will find outWhat I have learnedThe heart pumps blood through the bodyThe brain pumps electrical vibrations to your spineThere are over 3000 bones in your bodyYou have 5 sensesYou have brain, bones, bladder, blood, heart, lungs – they are for breathing and smoking burns your lungsPendixThe blood circulates to keep you aliveWhen you run fast and when you are exhausted the heart beats fasterWhen someone jumps out at you it beats fasterIn the bones there is marrow. It stops the bones from rotting and is a bit like jellyWe have eardrums – they help us to earHow do the kidneys work?Are there 3000 bones in your body?What do your bones do?Why does the heart beat?Do all animals have hearts?How do the lungs work?Are everybody’s lungs the same size?Is there a pipe between your lungs and your heart to pump the air round our body?What is an appendix for?Why does the blood circulate?How many times does the heart beat?Does the heart beat 106 times a minute?How does the bladder work?How can the heart keep us alive?Why do the veins stick out when you stretch?How do we grow at night?Why have we got eyebrows?Why is there marrow in the bones?Why does the blood go around?Look in a bookUse skeletonInternet/CD-ROM(Practical work and use of models)Test itModels of torsos and secondary sourcesKinaesthetic activity in the hall. Test it/ investigateSurvey across the schoolVideos and booksObservationTest/look in booksThere are 106 bones in the body they are not all the same size and some – like the ones in the ear are tinyThe heart is a muscle and it beats to push/pump blood around the bodyNot everyone’s lungs are the same size but the tallest person did not have the biggest lungs.Your lungs grow with you as our teachers’ lungs were bigger than ours.In the hall we acted out what happens in the body.The muscles need food and air to move, and the blood gets it to them. If the muscles are working hard they need more food and air so the heart has to work faster,I like it, it was fun.I still am not sure that we don’t grow at night. I think that we do although there were some books that said we growslowly all the time until the end of teenage years, but I don’t feel myself grow.Too small to read but key points can be read out. Also – the way that teacher’s can use the first two columns to help their planning can be discussed. Similarly, discussion about the assessment value of the final two columns is useful. There should be approx 15 handouts of this grid but past experience suggests that there may not be a great deal of time for paired analysis followed by whole group discussion. This slide is useful if this is the case.
22 Children’s DrawingsLook at the examples of children’s drawings from KS1 and KS2:What do they tell us about the ideas that children hold?Where do you think these ideas came from?What misconceptions are represented?What teaching have the children had so far?
26 Practical Workshop: Survey Investigations Learning Outcome: To make comparative statements.Undertake a survey of your professional studies group:Does the person with the widest span have the biggest grab?Is there a relationship between chest size and lung capacity?Can the person with the longest legs jump the furthest?Does the tallest person have the longest arms (or legs)?Choose one then plan and carry out a simple survey to find out.What equipment will you need?How will you collect your information?Hook – Video clip from ‘How we change as we get older’
27 Reflect on and identify the processes andThe group skillsinvolved in the activity
28 Group Work Was it useful to work in groups rather than alone? What advantages were there in working within a group?Be ready to report back
29 RISK ASSESSMENTThink about the ‘risks’ i.e. hazards or dangers associated with the activities undertakenWould you undertake this activity in the primary classroom?What related tasks would you provide?How would you minimise the risk involved in these activities?Be ready to report back!
30 Reflection What have you learned today? How will this inform your future practice in science?