Presentation on theme: "Practice-Led Research Dr. Kathleen Watt “Professional practice qualifies as research when it can be shown: to be firmly located within a research context;"— Presentation transcript:
Practice-Led Research Dr. Kathleen Watt “Professional practice qualifies as research when it can be shown: to be firmly located within a research context; to be subject to interrogation and critical review; to impact on or influence the work of peers, policy and practice…” (1996 Research Assessment Exercise)
Design and Research: Parallel Processes Imaging/Proposition Presenting/Argument Testing/Evaluation Reimaging/Revision
The Role of Practice in Research To investigate the content of one’s own creative activity in order to advance or innovate. To make explicit the practitioner’s tacit knowledge. To discover new methods/processes/techniques and/or materials by experimentation. To reconstruct artworks/artefacts to bring about new understanding or insight through making/remaking. To be a catalyst in creative participatory practice which actively involves, informs and inspires others. To use art/design skills to visualize and understand complex processes – making the invisible visible.
Practice-Led Research: Relativist Ontology Realities exist in the form of multiple mental constructions Socially or experientially based Local and specific Form and content of realities depend on those who hold them
Practice-Led Research: Subjectivist Epistemology The practitioner is the researcher Subjectivity, involvement and reflexivity is acknowledged The interaction of the researcher with the research material is recognised Knowledge is negotiated – inter-subjective, context bound, a result of personal construction
Practice-Led Research : Naturalistic Methodology Methodology is explicit and transparent Pluralist approach with hybrid methodologies tailored to the individual project Use of multiple media to integrate visual, tactile, kinaesthetic, experiential data into “rich” information Responsive - driven by the requirements of practice and its creative dynamic
Naturalistic Enquiry: Takes place in the artist’s studio/workshop
Naturalistic Enquiry: Emphasis on intuitive, tacit knowledge
Naturalistic Enquiry: Emergent methodology Strategies for problem solving emerge through immersion in the research problem and become focused through action.
Naturalistic Enquiry: Idiographic interpretation Research outcomes are interpreted in terms of the specifics of the case and presented as a unique study to the field of practice. Cilla Eisner, “Grids 11, Garden”
Naturalistic Enquiry: Negotiated outcomes Validity of research findings are negotiated through peer review: critiques, exhibitions, workshops, seminars or published papers.
Multiple Methods of Artistic Practice Observation/Notation Drawing/Visualization Concept Mapping 3D Modelling Sketchbooks/Notebooks Flow Charts Photography/Video Modelling/Simulations Digital databases Visual Diary/Journaling Collaboration/Participation Story Boards/Narratives Metaphor/Analogy Multimedia applications
Triangulation Complex Research Issue Method 1Method 2 Method 3 1 Method: singular set of information – unreliable? subjective? biased? 2 Methods: two sets of information – more reliable, inter-subjective, less biased 3 Methods (or more): multiple views - more reliable, corroborative, critical
The “Reflective Practitioner”: Uniting Research and Practice Reflection-on-action (past) – retrospective reflection Reflection-in-action (present) – “reflective conversation with the materials of a situation” (Schön, 1983) Reflection-for-action (future) – reflection for future action
The Reflective Journal: Experiential Learning and “Off-Loading” A repository for a range of information in a range of media, which is added to and consulted on a regular basis. A tool for describing, evaluating, summarising and planning. Contains activity and development logs, a diary, documentation of work in progress, contextual references, information about the pace and progress of work, and key points from evaluation and analysis. “Off-loading” allows the learner to take stock, evaluate and “deposit” ideas and feelings about the learning process.
Reflective Journal: “Collage: Politics and Aesthetics”
Outcome of Reflective Practice Cilla Eisner, “Collage: Politics and Aesthetics” - Cut Collage with Found Objects 2”
Outcome of Reflective Practice Michael Lent, “Experiments Toward a Phenomenology of Place: A practice- based enquiry into the epistemology of spaces of indeterminacy”
Selected Reading Gray, C.and J. Malins (2004) Visualizing Research: A Guide to the Research Process in Art and Design. Ashgate. Schön, D. (1983) The Reflective Practitioner. Basic Books. Sullivan, G. (2009) Art Practice as Research: Inquiry in Visual Arts. Sage Publications. Elkins, J., Ed. (2009) Artists with PhDs: On the New Doctoral Degree in Studio Art. Academia Publishing. Barrett, E. and B. Bolt (2010) Practice as Research: Approaches to Creative Arts Enquiry. I.B. Taurus Co. Ltd.