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PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 1.  Adapted from: OSHA 3151-12R2003 Personal Protective Equipment document 2.

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Presentation on theme: "PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 1.  Adapted from: OSHA 3151-12R2003 Personal Protective Equipment document 2."— Presentation transcript:


2  Adapted from: OSHA 3151-12R2003 Personal Protective Equipment document 2

3  Upon completion of this unit the participants will be able to identify the need for Personal Protective Equipment on Wisconsin Dairy Farms. LEARNING OBJECTIVE 3

4 1.Identify the requirements for PPE. 2.Develop a hazard assessment program as it pertains to PPE. 3.Evaluate a variety of PPE devices and determine the types of equipment necessary for their farm. 4.Understand the training requirements for the workers on proper usage of PPE. LEARNER OUTCOMES 4

5  sharp edges  falling objects  flying sparks  chemicals  noise  other potentially dangerous situations HAZARDS ON THE FARM 5

6  Walk through survey  Organize and analyze data- determine need for PPE  Reassess as changes are made to the job HAZARD ASSESSMENT 6

7  Moving objects  Fluctuating temperatures  Rolling or pinching objects  Electrical connections  Sharp edges PROTECTION FROM PHYSICAL HAZARDS 7

8 Health hazards on the farm  Dusts  Chemicals  Radiation  Heat  Noise  Ergonomics PROTECTION FROM HEALTH HAZARDS 8

9  Sources of electricity  Impact between employee and equipment  Radiation from welding  Biologic hazards - zoonotic issues OTHER ISSUES 9

10  Preferred method  Eliminate or reduce exposure ELIMINATION OF HAZARDS: ENGINEERING CONTROLS 10

11  Eliminate or reduce the exposure  Job rotations, varied hours ELIMINATION OF HAZARDS: ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS 11

12  Least preferred method PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 12

13  Perform hazard assessment  Identify and provide appropriate PPE  Train on use and care  Maintain; replace when worn or damaged  Review, update and evaluate PPE program EMPLOYER’S RESPONSIBILITIES 13

14  Properly wear PPE  Attend training sessions on PPE  Care for, clean and maintain PPE  Inform a supervisor of the need to repair or replace PPE EMPLOYEE’S RESPONSIBILITIES 14

15  Safe design and construction  Easy of maintenance  Fit and comfort  Are the PPE compatible if worn together  Must meet standards developed by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) PPE SELECTION 15

16  Required to train on proper use before allowed to preform the task  When to wear  What to wear  How to put on, take off  Limitations  How to care for it TRAINING 16

17  Document each employees training and test their ability to use PPE correctly  Name of employee  Date trained  Subject of training  Qualifications of trainer EVALUATE AND DOCUMENT 17

18  Eye/face  Head  Foot/leg  Hand/arm  Ears  Lungs TYPES OF PPE 18

19  Flying particles  Liquid chemicals  Chemical gases or vapors  Potentially infected material  Potentially harmful light radiation EYE AND FACE PROTECTION 19

20  Regular prescription corrective lenses do not provide adequate protection  Incorporate the prescription into the design  Wear additional eye protection over their prescription lenses. PRESCRIPTION LENSES 20

21  When handling chemicals in the milk house or shop  Making repairs to structures or machinery  Areas where there is a high level of dust  Whenever there is possibility or likelihood of flying particles EYE PROTECTION ON A DAIRY FARM 21

22  Fit properly and be comfortable  Unrestricted vision and movement  Durable and cleanable  Unrestricted functioning of any other PPE EYE & FACE PROTECTION 22

23 Safety eye glasses:  Constructed of metal or plastic  Impact-resistant lenses.  Side shields (ANSI approved) TYPES OF EYE PROTECTION 23

24 Goggles: 24 EYE PROTECTION  Tight-fitting eye protection  Protection from impact, dust and splashes  Fit over corrective lenses

25  Face Shields:  Transparent sheets of ANSI approved plastic  Extend from eyebrows to below the chin and across the entire width of the employee's head 25 EYE PROTECTION

26  Risk of possible foot or leg injuries  From falling, rolling objects  Crushing or penetrating materials FOOT AND LEG PROTECTION 26

27 27 TYPES OF FOOT AND LEG PROTECTION Leggings: protect legs while welding Steel toed boots Boots: provide slip resistance on wet surfaces Comfortable to wear and the correct fit

28  skin absorption of harmful substances  chemical or thermal burns  electrical dangers  bruises  abrasions  cuts  punctures  fractures  amputations HAND AND ARM PROTECTION 28 Potential hazards include:

29 PPE: GLOVES FOR DIFFERENT USES Neoprene Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVC) Wire mesh Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Nitrile Natural Rubber Leather Kevlar Welding Cotton Anti-vibration 29

30 CARE OF GLOVES  Inspect before each use not torn, punctured  Fill glove with water and tightly roll cuff  Discolored or stiff don’t use 30

31  Exposure to excessive noise:  Measured in decibels (dB)  85 dB protection should be available  Permissible exposure for 8 hours = 90 dB without protection  Length of time exposed  Employee movement  OSHA consultation HEARING PROTECTION 31

32 Duration per day (hours)Sound level dBExamples of noise source at sound levels 890Tractor, combine, or ATV 692Tractor or combine 495 Tractor, grain grinding, combine, or air compressor 397Tractor, combine, or shop vacuum 2100Tractor, pigs squealing, or table saw 1 1/2102Tractor, combine, or riding lawnmower 1105 Tractor, combine, chickens, or irrigation pump 1/2110Tractor or leaf blower 1/4115Chainsaw 32

33  Single use ear plugs:  Pre-formed or molded ear plugs:  Ear muffs: HEARING PROTECTION 33

34  Pesticide vapors  Dusty fields  Hydrogen sulfide in manure pits  Nitrogen dioxide in silos.  Farmer’s Lung and Organic Dust Toxicity Syndrome (ODTS)  Allergic reactions to dust from moldy hay or grain RESPIRATORY ISSUES 34

35  Dust: largest of the particles  Molds: released from hay or grain when disturbed  Mists: suspended liquid droplets  Fumes: solid particles of evaporated metals (welding) 35 RESPIRATORY ISSUES

36  Gases: gaseous at room temperature hydrogen sulfide (manure pits), nitrogen dioxide (Silo gas), carbon monoxide  Vapors: evaporate from liquid – pesticides, paint 36 RESPIRATORY ISSUES

37  Oxygen deficient atmosphere: manure storage pits, sealed silos  Structures when oxygen level is below 21% 37 RESPIRATORY ISSUES

38  Air purifying  Supplied air  The cartridge and respirator must be made by the same manufacturer CATEGORIES OF RESPIRATORS 38

39  Filters  Do not supply oxygen  Good for molds, dust  Chemical cartridge  Low concentrations of gases, vapors  Activated charcoal AIR PURIFYING 39

40  Dust, mists, metal fumes  2 elastic straps for a better seal MECHANICAL FILTER 40

41  Only kind to be used in IDLH situations  Manure pits, sealed silos, fumigated bins  Air line respirators: clean air through hose connected to air pump  Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA): portable air tank scuba divers, fire fighters SUPPLIED-AIR RESPIRATORS 41

42  Glasses, gum, tobacco chewing, facial hair can prevent a proper fit  Do not wear contacts  Proper cleaning and storage of PPE  Inspect for damage  Replace as needed PROPER USE ISSUES 42

43 EMPLOYEE OBJECTIONS TO PPE  Involve employees in PPE plan  Be an example  Educate employees  Listen to employee complaints  Easy to care for PPE 43

44  Jewelry: rings = amputated fingers  Loose clothing  Hood strings  Long hair not tied  Ear buds for music devices  Contact lenses  Transition lenses PERSONAL HAZARDS 44

45 1. What is a current hazard on your farm that is controlled with a type of PPE? PPE REVIEW 45

46 2. Could this hazard be controlled administratively? PPE REVIEW 46

47 3. Could this hazard be controlled by using an engineering control? PPE REVIEW 47

48 4. Name a place on your farm where each of these types of PPE should be implemented: PPE REVIEW 48

49 49 This material was produced under grant number SH-22318-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

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