Presentation on theme: "Keystones to Opportunity Grant Utilizing the GRADE Data to Drive Instruction Cherie Davis Jen MacDonald Linda Page Misty Sprague National Training Consultants."— Presentation transcript:
Today’s Agenda K-W-L Chart What is the GRADE? Why use the GRADE data? Statistics Centers Overview of Group Reports LUNCH Overview of Individual Reports Resource Matrix Parent Report Planning for turn-around training K-W-L Chart Have fun! Page 3-4
4 KWL What do you know about the GRADE? What do you want to know? What have you learned? GRADE Page 29
GRADE 5 A bit of background…… What do you know???
What is the GRADE? GRADE (The Group Reading Assessment and Diagnostic Evaluation) Norm-referenced diagnostic assessments Given BEFORE/DURING instruction to DRIVE instruction Performance by foundational skill Determine weak skills areas or “gaps” that require remediation and intervention, Group administered~ Individual results
7 Why use the GRADE or any assessment for that matter?
We want to compare our students to other students to see how they are doing. We want to evaluate the effectiveness of core instruction. We want to identify strengths and weaknesses for individual students/groups. We want to see where students/groups need additional instruction. We want to measure student growth over time. 8 Why?
10 SUMMATIVE DIAGNOSTIC FORMATIVE Background on the Three Main Types of Assessment that Inform Practice:
Summative Data: got there” Summative Data: Tells us if students “got there” successfully, once instruction is complete Diagnostic Data: Diagnostic Data: Provide a deeper understanding and information that allows us to “zone in” on the right type of instruction and/or supports needed to promote achievement Formative data Formative data allows us to: Understand students’ baseline performance & ongoing growth Monitor progress toward successful performance Adjust instruction based on data
Diagnostic 12 Where does the GRADE Fit Within the Broader Assessment Picture? Formative Summative Data- Based Decision Making
GRADE Philosophy: The Individual Learner Information about an individual’s strengths and needs is the link to the most effective instructional strategies Students are individuals When students fail or fall below a “cut- score,” reasons for failure vary from student to student
GRADE Snapshot Group Administered Eleven test levels Normative scores available for each form Growth scale values (GSVs) for tracking growth over time, which is an essential component of your KtO grant.
Scientifically Researched and Norm Referenced Carefully developed to provide a broad sampling of appropriate reading competencies. The GRADE assessment was standardized in 2000 across the nation to include: 33,000+ students Varied ethnicities Range of socioeconomic groups Both genders Special Needs students Regional/National groups
What makes this a great tool? Diagnostics for pinpointing areas of intervention Recommended activities for intervention Valuable data for pre-referral teams Ability to track individual/group progress over time
Instructional Design STEP 1: ASSESS Assess your students to gauge baseline skills and observe their progress 3 times each year. Scan & score the tests using convenient GRADE Scoring & Reporting Software.17
Concept Review Raw score ~ total number of correct answers Standard score ~ Scores that have an average range of 85- 115 and a mean of 100 Stanines ~ a scoring range of 1-9 with a mean of 5 Percentile Rank ~ to compare/rank with a standardized group of same-aged peers NCE ~ Normal Curved Equivalence - based on percentiles 1- 99, with a mean score of 50 Growth Scale Value ~ equal interval measurement of reading achievement so progress can be tracked over time Total test score ~ scores for the combined 3 subtests Age / Grade equivalents ~ comparison to equivalent age or grade based norms Page 33
Things to Consider… This is one data point at one point in time. Evaluate this data with other information as part of a “body of evidence” for each learner Be sure to allow yourself enough time to become very familiar with the data and what it is telling you.
Instructional Design STEP 2: ANALYZE Analyze your students’ results using a variety of diagnostic reports to pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses Plan targeted instruction.28
3 Main Types of reports: 1. Group Score Summary 2. Group Diagnostic Analysis by Item, Error, and Type 3. Group Progress Report GRADE Group reports… Group reports are available at the: class, grade, school and district level
GRADE Group reports provide… an overall picture of how the class or school performs on each subtest class/school averages for types of questions answered correctly and incorrectly a review of individual/class responses to each item per subtest class/school average of common errors per subtest a way to capture class progress from administration to administration, year to year
Group Score Summary Report Group Diagnostic Analysis by Item Report Group Reading Progress Report
Decision Making Guidelines Core instruction should be addressing the majority of students in each skill area. If 1/3 or more of students fall in the below average range for each skill, this should be a priority in the core instructional program.
Considerations when identifying areas of concerns using your Group Score Summary Report: Should be corroborated by other sources…ie. NOT just 1 data point. Evaluate factors that may have impacted the test…was it a ‘bad’ test day because the student was ill? Should be appropriate for your students…ask yourself, “Have I even taught this content?” 36 GRADE
37 GRADE Group Report Activity Review your Group Summary Report Identify the areas of concern… Any domain that has 1/3 or more in “red” gets a ✔ in the third column. Page 34
Step Two: Diving deeper into the skills that make up the domains
How to read Group Diagnostic Analysis by Type Reports:
The “p-value” is the 50 th percentile nationally Criterion Referenced Evaluating the skills in isolation helps the teacher plan instruction At a glance you can see which students are struggling with the skill
Using your Group Diagnostic by type Report look at each skill column and; highlight in “red” any student that falls below the National “p-value Highlight in “green” any students that fall above the National “p-value”. 41 GRADE
42 Once you’ve evaluated the “Analysis by Type”, follow the steps below: 1.Count the number of students that fall below the National “p-value” and list them in the “red” column 2.Count the number of students that fall above the National “p-value” and list the number of students in the “green” column GRADE Group Report Activity
44 Once you’ve completed the Group Instructional Priorities Worksheet, you are now ready to translate the data into usable information. 1.Isolate one of the areas that you previously identified as being a core instructional issue. 2.Turn to pages 35-37 in your training manual. 3.Find the section that includes your area of concern. Evaluate: What strong scores mean? What weak scores mean? What are some possible instructional strategies? AND add your own strategies GRADE Digging Deeper into Data Activity
GRADE Individual Reports provide… a deep understanding of a student’s strengths and weaknesses in the various subtests a breakdown of skills: number correct, percent correct a measure of progress from administration to administration, year to year an easy to understand parent overview, available in Spanish and Portuguese
How to read the Individual Score Summary Report
53 Identify students who are in need of intensive instruction based on your data. List students and check the boxes that apply. List school/district Interventions GRADE Individual Report Activity Pages 38-39
Top Mistakes Made in Sharing Data Using jargon that is confusing for parents. Not understanding the data well enough to explain it to parents. Trying to cover up weaknesses in the class or with the student. Not sharing the data with parents at all.
Instructional Design STEP 4: REASSESS Educators can then reassess with GRADE parallel forms to measure a student's progress. This complete solution will allow you to understand your students' abilities, teach according to their needs, and evaluate their progress.
Birth to Age 5 GRADE Test Guidelines Testing Window Test Form Data Submission Beginning of School year –September 28 th, 2012 A November 9 th, 2012 January 14 th – January 31 st 2013A February 14 th, 2013 May 6 th -May 24 th 2013B June 7 th, 2013 Pg. 86 of the GRADE Technical Manual
Grade K-12 GRADE Test Guidelines Testing Window Test Form Data Submission Beginning of School year –September 28 th, 2012 A November 9 th, 2012 January 14 th – January 31 st 2013A February 14 th, 2013 May 6 th -May 20 th 2013B June 7 th, 2013 Pg. 86 of the GRADE Technical Manual
Train the Trainer Materials All Materials that have been used today will be found on your SAS Community at www.pdesas.org. Once you login, go to "Teacher Tools" in the upper right hand corner, and click on "My Communities". You can find the Keystones community by searching "Keystones" in the search bar. You will see the GRADE tab under the Keystone Community
Using the Trainers Checklist Time to evaluate what activities you will include in your onsite training. Pages 40-41
Setting Goals for Your Workshop Think about what the needs of your school are. What do teachers currently know? What do they need to know and be able to do? How much time will you have to commit to training your staff? Who is going to conduct the training? Who is responsible for following up to make sure that learning is being implemented?
67 KWL What do you know about the GRADE? What do you want to know? What have you learned? GRADE Page 29