Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

International Financial Reporting Standards The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter, not necessarily those of the IASB or IFRS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "International Financial Reporting Standards The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter, not necessarily those of the IASB or IFRS."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Financial Reporting Standards The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter, not necessarily those of the IASB or IFRS Foundation © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. Leases

2 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 2 Why a lease project? Existing lease accounting doesn’t meet users’ needs –Accounting depends on classification –Users adjust financial statements to recognise assets and liabilities arising in operating leases Complexity –Difficult to define dividing line between finance and operating

3 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 3 Scope Exclude: –Leases of intangible or biological assets –Leases to explore for or use natural resources –Contracts representing the purchase or sale of the underlying asset Include long-term leases of land Incorporate IFRIC 4 to differentiate service contracts from leases Short-term leases –Lessee: recognise gross asset and gross liability –Lessor: use accrual accounting

4 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 4 Lessee right-of-use model All leases in scope B/S Right-of-use asset Obligation to pay rentals P&L Amortisation of right-of-use asset Interest expense Lessee has acquired a right to use the underlying asset and is paying for that right with its rental payments

5 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 5 Lessee - measurement Initial MeasurementSubsequent Measurement Obligation to pay rentals PV of lease payments discounted using incremental borrowing rate Amortised cost No revision of incremental borrowing rate Right-of-use asset Cost (= obligation to pay rentals) Amortised cost (option to revalue*) *Re-valuation of entire class of PP&E is required if right-of-use is re-valued

6 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 6 Lessor – Hybrid model A performance obligation approach for leases where lessor retains exposure to significant risks or benefits associated with the underlying asset either: –during the expected term of the current lease contract; or –subsequent to the term of the current lease contract A derecognition approach for all other leases Counterparty credit risk is not considered

7 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 7 Performance obligation All leases under this approach B/S (gross with linked presentation) Original asset Receivable Performance obligation Net leasing asset/liability P&L (separate presentation) Depreciation Interest income Lease income (discharge of performance obligation) Lease contract creates a new right while underlying asset continues to be recognised

8 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 8 Performance obligation - measurement Initial Measurement Subsequent Measurement Receivable PV of lease payments discounted at rate lessor is charging lessee Amortised cost Performance obligation Transaction price (= receivable) Recognise revenue as the performance obligation is satisfied over the lease term

9 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 9 Derecognition All leases under this approach B/S Receivable Residual asset P&L Revenue Cost of Sales (gross or net based on business model) Interest income Lessor transfers a portion of underlying asset in exchange for a right to receive payments over the lease term

10 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 10 Derecognition -measurement Initial Measurement Subsequent Measurement Receivable PV of lease payments discounted using the rate charged in the lease Amortised cost Residual asset Allocated carrying value No remeasurement (except for impairment)

11 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 11 Options to extend lease term Include longest possible lease term that is more likely than not to occur -In lessee’s obligation to pay rentals -In lessor’s receivable Reassess at each reporting date, with adjustments to: -Right-of-use asset for lessees -P.O. or residual asset depending on lessor approach Purchase options –Account for only when they are exercised

12 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 12 Contingent rentals Include expected outcome in measuring lease asset and liabilities, reassess at each reporting date Examples: –Usage: rentals based on usage (eg mileage) –Performance: rentals based on a % of revenues –Index: rentals based on changes in the housing index When included? –Lessees must always include –Lessors only include if reliably measurable Residual value guarantees –Treat the same as contingent rentals

13 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 13 Disclosures To enable users to evaluate the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from lease contracts and how the entity manages those cash flows Includes: –Nature of lease arrangements –Accounting policy for models used (lessor) –Maturity analyses –Revenue recognition information –Discount rates –Roll-forward of right of use asset (lessee) –Roll-forward of receivable / performance obligation or residual asset for lessor

14 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 14 Transition All leases –simplified retrospective approach –present value of remaining lease payments First time adoption –Same treatment as transition –No relief for simple finance leases-account for in the same way as other leases on first time adoption Lease assets/liabilities=PV of lease payments

15 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 15 Lessor – Investment property If investment property at cost, apply new lessor accounting requirements The IASB - If investment property at fair value in accordance with IAS 40, do not apply new lessor accounting requirements The FASB - Consider whether to permit or require fair value under US GAAP

16 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 16 Other issues Account for transactions as sale/leasebacks if it is determined that the underlying asset has been sold: - at the end of the contract control of the underlying asset will be transferred, and - all but a trivial amount of the risks and benefits associated with the underlying asset have been transferred to the buyer/lessor Adjust assets, liabilities, gains and losses recognised to reflect market rentals

17 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 17 Other issues Subleases –Account for assets/liabilities in accordance with the related lessee and lessor models –Present separately the obligation to pay rentals to the head lessor –Disclose the nature and amount of significant subleases –Show the leased asset, lease receivable and performance obligation with “linked” presentation under the performance obligation approach –Present all assets and liabilities gross under the derecognition approach

18 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 18 What next? Discussion paper March 2009 Comment period & boards deliberations Exposure Draft Q3 Standard planned Q Comment period & boards’ deliberations

19 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 19 IASB contacts Outreach: Barbara Davidson (Technical Manager): Project team: Rachel Knubley (Technical Principal): Li Li Lian (Technical Manager): Aida Vatrenjak (Assistant Technical Manager): Sunhee Kim (Technical Associate):

20 © 2010 IFRS Foundation. 30 Cannon Street | London EC4M 6XH | UK. 20 Questions or comments? Expressions of individual views by members of the IASB and its staff are encouraged. The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter. Official positions of the IASB on accounting matters are determined only after extensive due process and deliberation.


Download ppt "International Financial Reporting Standards The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter, not necessarily those of the IASB or IFRS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google