Presentation on theme: "Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI)"— Presentation transcript:
1Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) Dr. Abdul Rehman PirzadoProvincial MnCAH Officer SindhWorld Health Organization Pakistan
2Objectives of IMNCI Strategy To reduce significantly mortality and morbidity associated with the major causes of disease in children.To contribute to healthy growth and development of children.
3Historical Background Launched globally in 1995Pakistan adaptedFirst national clinical course 2000First clinical course in Sindh 2004Pre-service adaptation in Pakistan 2004Pre-service adaptation in Sindh 2009First Pre-service evaluation in Pakistan – LUMHS 2011.First logbook on Pakistan- LUMHS 2010
4Why IMNCI in Pakistan High Infant Mortality Rate – 78/000 live births. High under 5 year mortality rateDiarrhea, ARI, Malnutrition and Malaria are major contributors in death of Under 5 children.Government policy to integrate PHC activities.PMDC requires to be included in graduate teaching
5Integrating the Clinical Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness RB-03-99WHO Department of Child and Adolescent Health and DevelopmentSeparate disease specific clinical guidelines and training materialsSeparate disease specific training coursesHealth worker attempts to “Integrate” guidelinesIntegrated clinical guidelines and training materialsIntegrated clinical training coursesIntegrated clinical case management
6Strategy Is not another vertical program Incorporates elements of diarrhoeal diseases and ARI control program and child oriented aspects of malaria control, nutrition , EPI and other relevant programsDepends on: effective functioning of essential drugs and EPI programDemands and Facilitates: active collaboration of all these existing programsImproves the quality of care of sick children in the primary health care context
7Components Improving case management skills of health workers: Standard guidelinesTraining (pre-service and in-services)Follow-up after trainingImproving the health system to deliver IMNCI:Essential drug supply and managementOrganization of work in health facilitiesmanagement and supervisionImproving Family and Community practices
8IMNCI Case Management Process Classification based on a colour-coded triage systemRed - urgent pre-referral treatments and referralYellow - specific medical treatment and adviceGreen - simple advice on home management
9IMNCI Case Management Process (Cont.) Assess a childClassify a child’s illnessesIdentify treatments for the child.Treatment instructionscounsel the mother to solve any feeding problems and her own health.When a child is brought back to the clinic give follow-up care and if necessary reassess the child for new problems
10Course methods and materials Modules include exercises that help in learning new skillsModules are to be completed by reading it and working through the exercisesExercises supplemented by videos and photographs.Clinical practice as part of training
11Clinical courses 11 day clinical case management FIVE day facilitator CourseTHREE day Follow-up after trainingFIVE day community IMNCI
12Key family Practices Exclusive Breastfeeding Complementary feeding / WeaningMicronutrients supplementation for vitamin A, iron and zinc Hygiene. Dispose of faeces and wash hands.Immunization as per EPI.Preventing Malaria.
13Key family Practices (Cont.) Promote mental and social development by responding to a child’s needs for careHome care during IllnessGive sick children appropriate home treatment for infections.Care Seeking.Compliance with adviceAntenatal Care
14Evaluation of IMCI pre-service education at Liaquat University, Pakistan A regional team of 8 consultants from WHO evaluated the process and outcomes during October 17-20, 2011.This was 5th evaluation carried out by WHO in Egypt and Sudan.Objective of the evaluation was to assess whether the introduction of IMNCI in the department's teaching program in had led to students’ competence in managing sick children with common health problems according to the IMNCI guidelines and make recommendations to further strengthen the teaching program
15Evaluation of preservice education LUMHS The evaluation was carried out according to the standard methodology described in the “Guide to the evaluation of IMCI pre-service education”, developed by WHO Regional Office.After reviewing the information on the pediatric department and IMNCI teaching process and methodology, the team:observed several outpatient clinical and theoretical teaching sessions;visited the library and teaching sites;conducted focus group discussions with students and teachers in both the pediatrics and community medicine departments;
16Evaluation of preservice education LUMHS assessed student knowledge through a written test of multiple-choice questions and case scenarios;assessed student clinical skills through observation of case management practiced by students.Finally, the team provided feedback to the vice- chancellor and staff of the University, including the dean and heads and teaching staff of the departmentsOverall, the environment at Liaquat University is very supportive to IMNCI teaching, which has formally endorsed it at high level in the institution.A provincial pre-service training committee has also been established to coordinate this initiative
17Evaluation of preservice education LUMHS All teaching staff at the pediatrics department have been trained in IMNCI, with a staff-to-student ratio of 1:13 for both practical and clinical sessions.More than a third (35%) of total teaching hours are allocated to IMNCI.Teaching of IMNCI is, in general, consistent with traditional, classical pediatric teaching, well integrated throughout the curriculum and materials, interactive and makes use of a variety of teaching methods, with sessions including the full range of theoretical, practical and clinical sessions.The outpatient department has been set up in a way conducive to teaching IMNCI, with a smooth flow of patients.IMNCI-related items have been included in student examinations, with 30% of total marks assigned to IMNCI.
18Evaluation of preservice education LUMHS Reference materials are available in the library and regularly used by students.Approaches to sustain the initiative in the long term have been adopted and teaching has been enhanced based on review of the experience.Teaching staff’s and students’ attitudes towards IMNCI are very positive, with students greatly appreciating the variety of teaching methods and clinical sessions.Overall, students performed well in both the knowledge and clinical assessment tests, showing confidence with the topics and clinical skills: 79% of the students assessed obtained an overall score of at least 80% in the case management skill test, based on to the IMCI standard protocol as a gold standard. The two tests have helped identify teaching areas which may be further enhanced.