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SUD Module C: Care Management. or……. How to not cure anyone & still accomplish something & go home happy.

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Presentation on theme: "SUD Module C: Care Management. or……. How to not cure anyone & still accomplish something & go home happy."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUD Module C: Care Management

2 or……. How to not cure anyone & still accomplish something & go home happy

3 Current models of addiction treatment do not result in complete and permanent remission of symptoms 100% of the time. What is the problem?

4 If we already know this, then what is the problem? Initial models of addiction treatment emphasized the need for total and permanent abstinence (i.e., permanent remission, cure) Anything less was a failure (dichotomous outcome criteria) Initial models of addiction treatment emphasized the need for total and permanent abstinence (i.e., permanent remission, cure) Anything less was a failure (dichotomous outcome criteria)

5 What is the problem? Addiction treatment developed separated from medical and psychiatric treatment Psychiatry in particular was excluded Any treatment outside of specialized units was considered inadequate or worse (enabling) Addiction treatment developed separated from medical and psychiatric treatment Psychiatry in particular was excluded Any treatment outside of specialized units was considered inadequate or worse (enabling)

6 Barriers to providing care for chronic addiction Programmatic dogmatism and idealism Lack of understanding among policymakers, society, and MCOs Political and regulatory climate Programmatic dogmatism and idealism Lack of understanding among policymakers, society, and MCOs Political and regulatory climate

7 Barriers to providing care for chronic addiction Lack of training in addiction treatment Lack of models for care management Goal setting and treatment planning Lack of training in addiction treatment Lack of models for care management Goal setting and treatment planning

8 Clients have severe problems Programs don’t work, won’t accept clients, or clients won’t go If clinicians act, they are accused of enabling, or doing too much w/o results If clinicians do not act, they are accused of neglect, doing too little Clients have severe problems Programs don’t work, won’t accept clients, or clients won’t go If clinicians act, they are accused of enabling, or doing too much w/o results If clinicians do not act, they are accused of neglect, doing too little

9 So we needed a new model...

10 A model that: Accepts chronicity Recognizes limits of treatment methods Is palliative (non-curative) in nature Accepts chronicity Recognizes limits of treatment methods Is palliative (non-curative) in nature

11 A model that: Stresses long term management (years to decades) Treats addiction like other chronic diseases such as bipolar disorder or diabetes Stresses long term management (years to decades) Treats addiction like other chronic diseases such as bipolar disorder or diabetes

12 That new model is... Care Management For Chronic Addiction

13 Application of CMCA

14 Go to Module C N Refer to specialty care with attention to engagement barriers [J] Go to Module R Care Management Rehabilitation Y Does patient agree to referral or is it mandated? [I] From Module A

15 Can treatment plan be implemented in primary care? [E] N From Module R Y Is rehabilitation acceptable to the patient? [E] N Go to Module C

16 Care Management Indications Moderate to extreme severity Unwilling to commit to change Unable to participate in rehabilitation Poor response to multiple attempts at rehabilitation Willing to engage in therapeutic relationship Moderate to extreme severity Unwilling to commit to change Unable to participate in rehabilitation Poor response to multiple attempts at rehabilitation Willing to engage in therapeutic relationship

17 Continuum of Care for Addictions Use & Problems Modality None 1º Prevention 2º Prevention Moderate Severe Rehabilitation Extreme Care Mgmt.

18 CMCA Goals Engagement Coordination of care Reduce suffering Treat complications Improve motivation to change Engagement Coordination of care Reduce suffering Treat complications Improve motivation to change

19 CMCA Goals Induce remission when possible Prevent/limit relapse Slow rate of deterioration Reduce use of expensive, ineffective services Induce remission when possible Prevent/limit relapse Slow rate of deterioration Reduce use of expensive, ineffective services

20 Episodic care only Crisis intervention Case management Continue attempts to engage Involuntary treatment when indicated Asset management when indicated Is care management acceptable to the patient? [B] Patient in need of care management [A] N Provide episodic attention to substance use Reassess periodically [I]

21 Implement/continue care management plan in specialty care or primary care [See side bar] [C] Y Is care management acceptable to the patient? [B]

22 CMCA Principles Supportive, engaging approach Document substance use systematically at each visit Supportive, engaging approach Document substance use systematically at each visit Document substance use: Drinking or using days last 30 Typical # drinks/drinking day Max # drinks/24 hrs last 30 Bingeing

23 Implement/continue care management plan in specialty care or primary care [See side bar] [C] Monitor substance use Monitor biological indicators Encourage reduction or abstinence Provide motivational support Educate about substance use and associated problems Recommend self help groups Monitor substance use Monitor biological indicators Encourage reduction or abstinence Provide motivational support Educate about substance use and associated problems Recommend self help groups

24 Address social functioning needs Address financial and housing needs Address nicotine use as appropriate Provide opioid agonist therapy if appropriate Provide crisis intervention as needed Provide care coordination Address social functioning needs Address financial and housing needs Address nicotine use as appropriate Provide opioid agonist therapy if appropriate Provide crisis intervention as needed Provide care coordination Implement/continue care management plan in specialty care or primary care [See side bar] [C]

25 Implement/continue care management plan in specialty care or primary care [See side bar] [C] Is care management acceptable to the patient? [B] Y

26 Consider use of addiction focused pharmacotherapy (Use Module P) Has stable remission been achieved? [E] Reassess progress periodically

27 Follow up in primary care Monitor substance use Monitor biological indicators Encourage continued reduction or abstinence Provide motivational support [F] Y Educate about substance use, associated problems and prevention of relapse [G] Has stable remission been achieved? [E]

28 CMCA Reassessment Reassess goals periodically Long-term, ideal goal remains full remission and improvement in all co-existing conditions Refer to rehab when goals change Reassess goals periodically Long-term, ideal goal remains full remission and improvement in all co-existing conditions Refer to rehab when goals change

29 Is referral to specialty care rehabilitation indicated and acceptable to the patient? [See side bar] [H] Return to Box 3 Go to Module R Y N N Has stable remission been achieved? [E]

30 Return to Box 3 Reassess progress periodically Implement/continue care management plan in specialty care or primary care [See side bar] [C]

31 Application of Care Management: Medically Ill Heavy Drinkers

32 Application of Care Management: Medically Ill Heavy Drinkers Application of Care Management: Medically Ill Heavy Drinkers Kristenson et al., 1983

33 Application of Care Management: Medically Ill Heavy Drinkers

34 Willenbring and Olson, 1999 IOT 2 Year Results

35 Willenbring and Olson, 1999 IOT Results

36 Willenbring, et al., IOT for Medically Ill Alcoholics 68

37 Willenbring and Olson, 1999 IOT for Medically Ill Alcoholics 81 70

38 Application of Care Management: Coexisting Mental and Addictive Disorders (COMAD)

39 Abstinence Severe Dependence Abuse Drake et al., 1998 Improvement in COMAD

40 Drake et al., 1998 Using days past 180

41 Improvement in COMAD Bartels et al., 1995

42 Summary Care management is a pragmatic approach to treating substance use disorders as a chronic illness. Care management can be applied by any professional in any setting Evidence to date shows a better long- term prognosis than is commonly appreciated. Care management is a pragmatic approach to treating substance use disorders as a chronic illness. Care management can be applied by any professional in any setting Evidence to date shows a better long- term prognosis than is commonly appreciated.


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