Presentation on theme: "Opioids for Chronic Pain: Course Overview William Morrone, D.O., M.S. Medical Director, Hospice of Michigan Assistant Director, Family Medicine Synergy."— Presentation transcript:
Opioids for Chronic Pain: Course Overview William Morrone, D.O., M.S. Medical Director, Hospice of Michigan Assistant Director, Family Medicine Synergy Medical Education Alliance, Saginaw, Michigan Consulting Liaison Addictionologist, Wolverine Human Services
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There is a long cultural tradition of seeking relief from pain through medication “to lull all pain and anger and bring forgetfulness of sorrow…” Homer: The Odyssey JWF: The Vintage Image Gallery
The challenge is that “treating pain is neither an absolute science nor risk-free” Scott M. Fishman, MD - Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2007;105:8-9 Michigan Prescribers Allopathic Physicians 31,695 Osteopathic Physicians 6,550 (15.4%) Michigan had 3,208 students enrolled in a public medical school –allopathic (2,461 students) –osteopathic (747 students) Dentists7800+ Podiatrists survey of physicians in Michigan, about 34 percent identified themselves as primary care doctors, that is, their primary specialty is family practice, general medicine, internal medicine, or general pediatrics
Use of all prescription opioids is increasing
Trend data: Distribution of prescription opioids, U.S., 2000–2007 Source: DEA, ARCOS system, 2007 GRAMS PER 100K POPULATION * Includes OTPs
Problems related to opioid use are rising in tandem with distribution
Deaths per 100,000 related to unintentional overdose and annual sales of prescription opioids by year, Source: Paulozzi, CDC, Congressional testimony, 2007
Unintentional drug overdose deaths are rising faster for prescription opioids than for illicit drugs Source: CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2006
Emergency department mentions and admissions to addiction treatment related to use of prescription opioids also are rising Emergency department mentions and admissions to addiction treatment related to use of prescription opioids also are rising Source: CDC, National Vital Statistics System, 2006
Non-medical use of prescription opioids by adolescents and young adults is a particular concern
Source: SAMHSA, OAS, NSDUH data, July 2007
This course will address the balance between providing optimal pain relief and preventing inappropriate use of opioid analgesics.
What is the Physician’s Role?
Total Chronic Pain Population Aberrant Medication Use Behaviors: A spectrum of patient behaviors that may reflect misuse Prescription Drug Misuse Addiction Abuse/Dependence Adapted from Passik. APS Resident Course, 2007
Opioid treatment of chronic pain Adapted from Katz NP. Patient Level Opioid Risk Management. PainEDU.org Manual Initial Patient Assessment Trial of Opioid Therapy Setting Goals Patient Reassessment Monitoring
Steps to be covered: Assess for pain, function, risk Set realistic goals Use agreements and informed consents Monitor, monitor, monitor… Not all aberrant medication taking is addiction Patients with addiction lose control Reassess, reassess, reassess.. Make needed adjustments Document, document, document…