Presentation on theme: "Biology The Introduction of Biology. BIOLOGY: When people study living things or pose questions about how living things interact with the environment,"— Presentation transcript:
Biology The Introduction of Biology
BIOLOGY: When people study living things or pose questions about how living things interact with the environment, they are learning about Biology: The study of life. Bio (prefix)-Life Logy (suffix)-study
What do biologists do? Study the diversity of life: The behavior of all living organisms. Research diseases: studying not behavior but their genetics. “what causes the disease? How does the body fight the disease?” developed vaccine for smallpox, chicken pox, etc. Develop technologies: example: a “bionic” hand-can help someone who has lost an arm. Improve agriculture: to improve food production to feed the world’s growing human population. Preserve the environment: Prevent the extinction of animals and plants by developing ways to protect them.
Examples: Study the diversity of life:
Research diseases Diseases such as HIV, diabetes, avian flu, anorexia, alcoholism, trauma such as spinal cord injuries that result in paralysis, obesity heart attacks, Alzheimer’s disease, etc.
Improve agriculture and preserve the environment.
The Characteristics of Life Have you ever tried to define the word alive? – We obviously know that a bear and a salmon are both alive. Is fire alive? Fire moves, increases in size, has energy, and seems to reproduce, but how does fire differ from the bear and salmon?
The Characteristics of Life 1) Made of one or more cells: – The cell is the functional basic unit of life. It is the smallest unit of life that is classified as a living thing, and is often called the building block of life.
2) Displays organization Living things display organization, which means they are arranged in an orderly way. – Unicellular organisms: Atom and molecules cell Made up of one cell, yet the cell is a collection of organized structures that carries on life functions. – Multicellular organisms: Atom and molecules cells tissue organs organ system The whole organism.
3) Grows and develops Growth: Results of the addition of mass to an organism and, in many organisms, the formation of new cells and new structures. – How have you grown? Even a bacterium grows. Development: the process of natural changes that take place during the life of an organism. – Ex. Robin chicks cannot fly for the first few weeks of their lives. Robins, develop structures that give them specific abilities, such as flying.
4) Reproduces Reproduction is the production of offspring. A species is a group of organisms that can breed with one another and produce fertile offspring.
5) Responds to stimuli Reactions to internal and external stimuli are called responses. – Internal: all things happening from the inside of an organism. ( example: the cheetah is hungry, therefore, starts chasing a deer) – External: All things happening from the outside of the organisms, including the air, water, soil, rocks, and other organisms. (example: the deer sees the cheetah and responds by running away)
6) Requires Energy Living things need sources of energy to fuel their life functions. Living things get their energy from food.
7) Maintain homeostasis All organisms keep internal conditions stable by a process called homeostasis. For example, humans perspire to prevent their body temperature from rising too high. (sweat) Urinate Glucose regulation
8) Adaptations evolve over time Adaptations are inherited changes that occur over time that help the species survive. – Many trees in rain forests have leaves with drip tips. Water runs off more easily and quickly from leaves with drip tips.
Living, dead, or Non living? Potted Plant Pumpkin seeds Turtle shell glass of water Tree with no leaves on it in winter Book rock