Presentation on theme: "D ESIGNING M OLECULES. O UR C HALLENGE We were chosen to design a molecule that affect how enzyme creatine kinase works. The enzyme catalyses the breakdown."— Presentation transcript:
D ESIGNING M OLECULES
O UR C HALLENGE We were chosen to design a molecule that affect how enzyme creatine kinase works. The enzyme catalyses the breakdown of phosphocreatine in the muscles. By affecting how the enzyme works, we may help patients with facial paralysis.
Phosphocreatine P HOSPHOCREATINE Can anaerobically donate a phosphate group to ADP to form ATP during the first 2 to 7 seconds following an intense muscular or neuronal effort.ATP Excess ATP can be used during a period of low effort to convert creatine to phosphocreatine. The reversible phosphorylation of creatine is catalyzed by creatine kinases.ATPcreatinecreatine kinases Is a molecule that serves as a rapidly mobilizable reserve of high-energy phosphates in skeletal muscle and the brain.musclebrain om/watch?v=uCmNQ QWlrc0
A facial paralysis is caused by a high concentration of creatine kinase which break down a lot of phosphocreatine, which helps the muscles work. The presence of creatine kinase in blood plasma is indicative of tissue damage and is used in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction.blood plasma
C REATINE K INASE There are three places where three types of creatine kinase are produced by the body: Made by translation in the cytoplasm.
Our product is an inhibitor that binds to the enzyme, creatine kinase, to decrease its activity, which is the breakdown of phosphocreatine molecules. It is a competitive inhibitor, this means that the substrate and inhibitor cannot bind to the enzyme at the same time. The inhibitor has an affinity for the active site of creatine kinase where the substrate, phosphocreatine also binds.active site So if the inhibitor attaches to the enzyme, the enzyme will not break down molecules of phosphocreatine for one day. That´s why the person will have to take one pill per day.
T RANSPORT T HROUGHT C ELL M EMBRANE 1) The inhibitor will cross through the cell membrane to reach the cytoplasm where creatine kinase is made. 2) It will be transported by facilitated diffusion as no energy is needed, down a concentration gradient. It will cross by a channel protein as is it a big molecule to pass directly through the cell membrane. 3) When the inhibitor gets in contact with the carrier, it will attach to the carrier change the shape/configuration of the carrier. Once it reaches the other side, it is released into the cell where it can bind to creatine kinase.
P ROPERTIES OF THE P RODUCT Big enough as to pass directly through the cell membrane, but small enough in order to pass through the protein channel. Is soluble in water It doesn’t contain a lipid coat, as it has to bind to creatine kinase. That´s why it is transported by facilitated diffusion.
T HE P RODUCT As the creatine kinase is made by translation in the cytoplasm in the free ribosomes, when the product gets to the cell it will act in the free ribosomes, as soon as creatine kinase is made. PARALSTOP The name of the product is PARALSTOP and it is named like that as our goal is to stop facial paralysis with an inhibitor that wouldn’t allow the breakdown of phosphocreatine.