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Neur/o,i Nervous System,Nervous tissue Neuro/allergy حساسیت سیستم عصبی Neuro/logy عصب شناسی Neuro/arthro/pathy بیماری عصبی مفصلی Allergy in nervous.

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Presentation on theme: "Neur/o,i Nervous System,Nervous tissue Neuro/allergy حساسیت سیستم عصبی Neuro/logy عصب شناسی Neuro/arthro/pathy بیماری عصبی مفصلی Allergy in nervous."— Presentation transcript:

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5 Neur/o,i Nervous System,Nervous tissue Neuro/allergy حساسیت سیستم عصبی Neuro/logy عصب شناسی Neuro/arthro/pathy بیماری عصبی مفصلی Allergy in nervous system The branch of medical science concerned with the various nervous systems Any disease of joint structures associated with disease of the nervous system.

6 Neuro/surgery جراحی اعصاب Neuro/blast یاخته رویانی عصبی Angio/neuro/pathy ناهنجاری رگی وابسته به اختلال اعصاب خودمختار Angio/neuro/tomy بریدگی عروق واعصاب یک ناحیه Dermato/neuro/sis پوستی عصبی Surgery of the nervous system An immature nerve cell A vascular disorder attributed to an abnormality of the autonomic nervous system fibers supplying the blood vessels Incision of both nerves and vessels of a part Any cutaneous eruption due to emotional stimuli

7 Neuro/cardiac مربوط به اعصاب قلبی Neuro/cranium استخوانهای جمجمه جزاستخوانهای صورت Neuro/dermat/itis بیماری مزمن پوستی به دلیل اختلالات روانی Neur/algia درد بافت عصبی Neuro/plasty جراحی ترمیم اعصاب Relating to the cardiac neurosis Those bones of the cranium enclosing the brain as distinguished from the bones of the face A chronic lichenified skin lesion localized or disseminated The pain of nervous tissue Surgery of the nerves usually signifying more than neurorrhaphy

8 Gli/o Neuroglia Glial مربوط به سلولهای پشتیبان Angio/glio/mato/sis نوعی گلیومای رگی Glio/ma توموردربافت سازنده نوروگلیا Glio/mato/sis افزایش بیش ازحد نوروگلیا در نخاع Pertaining to neuroglia Occurrence of multiple areas of proliferating capillaries and neuroglia or a condition of multiple angiogliomas A tumor composed of tissue which represent neuroglia in any one of its stages of development Diffuse formation of gliomas

9 Gangli/o, Ganglion/o Ganglion Gan/glia تجمع گانگلیون ها Gan/glio/ma تومور گانگلیون Gan/glion/itis عفونت گانگلیون Poly/gan/glion/ic تجمع گانگلیون Gan/gli/ectomy عقده برداری Plural of ganglion Tumor of a ganglion Inflammation of a gnaglion Containing or involving many ganglia Surgical removal of ganglion

10 Mening/o meninge/o meninges Meningo/cele فتق مننژ Meningo- osteo/phleb/itis عفونت وریدهای پریوستیوم Meningo/cephalo/pathy ناهنجاری مغزومننژ Meningo/rrh/agia خونریزی مننژ Hernia of the meninges Inflammation of the veins of the periosteum Disorder affecting the meninges and the brain Hemorrhage into or beneath the cerebral or spinal meninges

11 Myel/o Spinal cord (also bone marrow) Hemato/myelia نشت خون درنخاع Encephalo/myelo/neuro/pa thy بیماری دربرگیرنده اعصاب محیطی و مرکزی Myel/algia درد نخاع Myelo/blast/emia وجود میلوبلاست در خون Myelo/rrh/aphy بخیه ودوختن نخاع Hemorrhage into the spinal cord A disease involving the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves Pain in the spinal cord The presence of myeloblasts in the circulating blood Suture of a wound of the spinal cord

12 Radicul/o Spinal nerve root Radiculo/pathy بیماری ریشه های عصبی نخاع Myelo/radiculo/dysplas/ia نقص تکاملی نخاع و ریشه های عصب نخاعی Radliculo/gan/glion/itis عفونت ریشه های عصبی و گانگلیون ها Any disease of spinal nerve root Congenital maldevelopment of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots Inflammation of roots and ganglion

13 Encephal/o Brain An/encephal/y جمجمه فاقد بافت عصبی Electro/encephalo/gram نوار مغز Electero/encephalo/graph دستگاه ثبت نوار مغز Electre/encephalo/grapy ثبت نوار مغز Encephalo/dynia سردرد Absence of the brain The record obtained by means of electreencephalograph An instrument for performing electroencephalography The recording of the electric currents developed in the brain Headache

14 Encephalo/scopy تست مغزی Encephalo/tomy تشریح مخ Polio/encephalo/myel/itis عفونت ماده خاکستری Por/encephal ایجادیاوجودحفره غیر طبیعی در مغز Megalo/encephal/y افزایش غیرطبیعی اندازه مغز Examination of the brain Dissection or incision of the brain Inflammation of the gray matter of the brain and spinal cord The presence of one or more cavities in the brain Enlargement of the brain

15 Cerebr/o Cerebrum Cerebro/logy مخ شناسی Infra/cerebral تحت مغزی Cerebro/spinal مغزی نخاعی Cerebro/tomy اناتومی یاتشریح مغز Cerebro/sis بیماری مغزی The sum of knowledge regarding the brain Below the cerebrum Related to the brain and spinal cord Incision of the brain Any disease of the cerebrum

16 Cortic/o Cerebral cortex,outer portion Cortico/spinal قشری نخاعی Cortico/medial قشری میانی Cortico/thalam/ic قشری تالاموسی Cortico/pleur/itis عفونت پرده جنب احشایی Pertaining to the cerebral cortex and spinal cord Cortical and medial Pertaining to cortex and thalamus Inflammation of the visceral pulmonary pleura

17 Cerebell/o Cerebellum Supra/cerebell/ar فوق مخچه ای Cerebello/medullar/y مخچه ای بصل النخاعی Cerebello/pontine مخچه ای پل مغزی Cerebello/rubr/al ارتباط بین مخچه و مغزمیانی Above the cerebellum Relating to the cerebellum and the medulla oblongata Relating to the cerebellum and pons Relating to the connections of the cerebellum with the red nucleus

18 Thalam/o Thalamus Thalamo/tomy تشریح تالاموسی Thalamo/cortic/al تالاموسی قشری Incision of the thalamus Relating to the efferent connections of the thalamus with the cerebral cortex

19 Ventricul/o Cavity,ventricle Intra/ventricul/ar میان بطنی Ventriculo/scope اندوسکوپی بطن های مغزوشبکه کورویید Ventriculo/puncture تزریق به بطن های مغزی Within a ventricle An endoscope for examining the cerebral ventricles and for cauterizing the choroid plexus Insertion of a needle into a ventricle

20 Medull/o Medulla oblongata (also spinal cord) Medulla/ry مربوط به مغز میانی Pertaining to the medulla

21 Psych/o Mind Psycho/genic دارای منشا روانی Medico/psycho/logy روان پزشکی Psycho/genesis بیماری های ساخته روان Psychi/atric روانی Psycho/somat/ic جسمی روحی Originiating in the mind Psychology in its relation to medicine Production of a symptom or illness by psychic Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry Pertaining to mind-body relationship

22 Narc/o Stupor,unconsciousness Narco/sis حالت کرختی و گیجی به وسیله ی داروی مخدر و مسکن Electro/narco/sis بیهوشی یا حالت خواب به وسیله ی جریان رقی که الکترود های آن روی شقیقه گذاده میشود این روش برای درمان اسکیزوفرنی بکار میرود State of stupor it used by drugs Production of insensibility to pain by the use of electral current

23 Somn/o,i Sleep Somno/lense کم خوابی In/somn/ia بی خوابی Hyper/somn/ia زیاده خوابی Somni/facient خواب آور Dys/somnia اختلال در خواب Sleepyness Inability to sleep A condition in which sleep periods are excessively long Causing sleep Disturbance of normal sleep or rhythm pattern

24 Term Term Analysis Definition Cerebrovascular -ar=pertaining to Vascul/o=vessleCerebr/o=brain عروق مغزی Cerebrospinal fluid -al=pertaining to Spin/o=spinal cord Cerebr/o=brain Fluid= a liquid that can flow مایع مغزی نخاعی

25 Term Term Analysis Definition encephalitis - itis=inflammatio n Encephal/o=bra in التهاب مغز encephalopathyPathy=diease بیماری مغزی Hydrocephalus cephal=cerebral us=condition hydro=water ازدییاد غیر عادی مایع مغزی

26 Term Term Analysis Definition Meningitis Itis=inflammati on mening تورم پرده های مغز poliomyelitis Poli=gray matter myel=myelin it is= inflammaition بیماری فلج اطفال Neuromuscular Neur/o=nerve muscle ar=pertaining to عصبی عضلانی

27 Term Term Analysis Definition Neurology Neur/o=nerve logy=study عصب شناسی Anesthesia An=no esthesia=sensat ion ia=conditin بیهوشی parasthesia Para=beside esthesia=sensat ion بی حسی موضعی

28 Term Term analysis Definition Aphasia A =non phasia=speech عدم قدرت تکلم dysphasia Dys=dis phasia=speech دشواری در سخن Hemiplegia Hemi=half plegia فلج نییمه بدن

29 Term Term Analysis Definition paraplegia Para= beside plegia=paralysis فلج نیمه بدن Tetraplegia Tetra=four plegia=paralysis فلچ چهار اندام dementia De=lack of ment=mind ia=condition جنون،دیوانگی

30 SuffixMeaningExample Definition of the example -phasiaSpeech heterophasia Utering words that are different from those intended -lalia Speech,babble Coprolalia Compulsive use of obscene words -lexiaReadingBradylexia Slowness in reading -plegiaParalysisTetraplegia Paralysis of all four limbs -paresis Partial paralysis,weakness Hemiparesis Partial paralysis of one side of the body -lepsySeizureNarcolepsy Condition marked by sudden episodes of sleep -phobia Persistant,irrational fear Agoraphobia Fear of being in a public place

31 Primary brain tumors Benign or malignant Most pediatric brain tumors are primary Examples are astrocytoma, glioblastoma Secondary brain tumors Metastases from other sites Most common tumors of the brain

32 Etiology: unknown S/S: previous section, end-stage is complete inattention to self Diagnosis of exclusion Treatment: some meds slow progression, supportive care of patient and family

33 Movement disorder characterized by muscle rigidity & tremors Usually males over 65 YOA Etiology: unknown, related to dopamine deficiency in brain

34 S/S: bradykinesia, involuntary tremors, muscular rigidity Treatment: dopamine replacement meds, PT, supportive

35 Chronic, progressive, demyelinating autoimmune disorder Makes antibodies to myelin Females (2:1) Occurs during adult years, not geriatric About 25,000 new cases/yr in US

36 S/S: variable, may last hours to weeks Classically: eye symptoms, paresthesias, paralysis, mood swings, balance problems, often sudden onset with relapses Treatment: beta-interferon products, corticosteroids, glatiramen acetate (synthetic myelin protein) Usual cause of death is due to chronic disability issues

37 Etiology: most frequently stroke Also intracranial tumor or hemorrhage Other S/S: weakness of half of the face, aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, agraphia, alexia, etc.

38 Etiology: most commonly spinal cord injuries due to trauma Other S/S: loss of bowel & bladder control, sexual dysfunction S/S of quadriplegia also include: Low blood pressure and pulse Variable loss of respiratory control

39 Acute Bacterial Meningitis Acute inflammation & infection of the CSF & the meninges Etiology: bacterial, viral, or fungal Source may be spread from blood or nasopharynx Most severe type = bacterial Most common bacteria involved are Strep pneumoniae & Neisseria meningitidis

40 Dura Outermost layer Thick, fibrous Arachnoid Thin, filmy like a spiderweb Pia Thin, vascular layer of loose connective tissue, inseparable from the outer brain surface

41 Any pain occurring in the head Acute or chronic Numerous etiologies Very common condition May be a symptom of other diseases Infections, neoplasms, inflammatory diseases, etc.

42 Due to irritation, inflammation of any pain- sensitive structure Brain itself is not a source of headache Diagnostic procedures and testing: Physical exam (PE), CT scan, LP (lumbar puncture or spinal tap), EEG, routine x-rays, MRA, MRI and more

43 Recurrent, usually severe headache of vascular origin More common in females (3 to 1) Family history in 70-80% Onset common in adolescence or early adulthood 80% have first migraine by 30YOA Usually become less frequent with age

44 10-20% US population have migraines 2 nd most common cause of HA in US Muscle tension HA is #1 S/S: Intense throbbing headache, uni-or bilateral Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, tinnitus Visual disturbances With or without aura (classical vs. common) Duration from 4-72 hours

45 Etiology: Vasoactive chemicals (peptides) in brain (serotonin and dopamine) Stimulate inflammatory cascade This causes vasodilation Serotonin appears to be most important factor

46 Etiology: most frequently stroke Also intracranial tumor or hemorrhage Other S/S: weakness of half of the face, aphasia, agnosia, apraxia, agraphia, alexia, etc.

47 Etiology: most commonly spinal cord injuries due to trauma Other S/S: loss of bowel & bladder control, sexual dysfunction S/S of quadriplegia also include: Low blood pressure and pulse Variable loss of respiratory control

48 Acute Bacterial Meningitis Acute inflammation & infection of the CSF & the meninges Etiology: bacterial, viral, or fungal Source may be spread from blood or nasopharynx Most severe type = bacterial Most common bacteria involved are Strep pneumoniae & Neisseria meningitidis


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