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Disability Statistics in Egypt By Dr. Bothaina EL- Deeb.

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Presentation on theme: "Disability Statistics in Egypt By Dr. Bothaina EL- Deeb."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disability Statistics in Egypt By Dr. Bothaina EL- Deeb

2 Sources of data on disability in Egypt and its limitation Sources : 1. Censuses 2. Sample Surveys Population censuses: Egypt has a national census every 10 years since 1907 containing data on disability. The results of 1947, 1960, 1976 and 1996 censuses included data on disability. The census provides data about the categories of disabled persons, classified according to type, age, sex distribution. Education, work status and occupational status are also available for disabled persons

3 Table 1: Disable Persons and Prevalence per 100 Population by Sex, Egypt in 1947, 1960, 1976 and 1996 YearNumber of disable personsDisable persons prevalence per 100 population MalesFemalesTotalMalesFemalesTotal 1947116621838282004491.441.011.22 19601430731131262561991.090.880.99 197682905284191113240.440160.30 19961833911014842848750.600.350.48

4 Reasons for the inaccuracy of the results concerning the disability could be as follows : A- Prevailing customs and traditions, whereby some families are unable for various social reasons to admit cases of disability, particularly when the disabled persons are females B- The low educational levels of some families, which makes them unlike to admit that there are any disabled persons in the family

5 C- The failure of the media to explain disability and the services provided to disable persons by the community. As a result, the family has no wish to report the existence of disable persons because it thinks that to do so is neither important nor useful D- A lack of awareness on the part of some of those responsible for the collection of data with respect to the importance of accurate information on the situation, characteristics, abilities and requirements of disabled persons in the community. They, therefore, fail to obtain correct data in this field

6 E- The fact that the general population census questionnaire does not include categories of disability, which, if include, might affect the number of disabled persons. These categories include psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, learning disabilities, certain chronic diseases, etc.; F- The unclear definitions and explanations relating to the categories of disability covered by the questionnaire.

7 Table 2: Percent distribution of Disabled Persons by Type of Disability in 1996 Type M FT 1-Blind10.711.110.8 2-Lose of one eye1.81.31.6 3-Deaf-dumb3.13.53.2 4-Deaf1.61.91.7 5-Dumb3.94.64.2 6- Lose of one or both arms2.10.61.6 7-Lose of one or both legs4.11.43.2 8- Mental Retardation17.515.316.7 9-Poliomyelitis12.812.112.5 10-Paralysis total or partial19.417.618.7 11-Other disabilities23.130.625.8 Total100

8 Other Sources of Disability in Egypt Table 3: percent distribution of disabled persons by type of disability, and type- specific prevalence rates per 100,000 persons, according to sex, Egypt MCHS 1991 Type of impairment Percent distribution of disabled persons by type of impairment Prevalence rate per 100,000 population MalesFemalesMalesFemales All 27.634.7451392 SensoryVisual 16.921.8276246 Hearing/Speech 10.712.9174146 All 31.326.8510303 PhysicalUpper Limb 4.12.86632 Lower limb 7.14.111546 Paralysis 20.119.9329225 Mental 10.19.5164107 Other 31.029.0507328 Total 100.0 16321130

9 Disability Statistics in the ESCWA Region Bahrain 1995 1.5 Bahrain 1991 0.8 Bahrain 19811.0 Egypt 19960.5 Egypt 19911.6 Egypt 19760.3 Gaza Strip 19962.1 Iraq 19770.9

10 Jordan 1994 1.2 Jordan 1991 2.6 Kuwait 1996 1.1 Kebebib 1994 1.0 Oman 1995 2.4 Oman 1993 1.9 Palestine 1997 1.8 Disability Statistics in the ESCWA Region

11 Qatar 1998 1.0 Qatar 1996 0.2 Saudi Arabia 1996 1.6 Syrian Arab Rep. 1993 0.8 Syrian Arab Rep. 1981 1.0 Syrian Arab Rep. 1970 1.0 United Arab Emirates 1995 1.1 Yemen 1994 0.5

12 Disability Statistics in the Caribbean Region Aruba 19915.5 Bahamas 19901.5 Belize 19916.6 Bermuda 19917.6 Jamaica 1991 4.8 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1991 7.2

13 Disability Statistics in Selected Developed Countries Australia 1998 19.3 Canada 1991 15.5 New Zealand 1996 20.0 United Kingdom 1991 12.2 United States 1994 15.0 United States 1990 10.0

14 Meeting on a Core Set of Census Questions and Disability Measurement for ESCWA countries Cairo, 1-12 June 2002

15 Objectives of the meeting Disability Measurement - To agree on a regional common approach to collect disability data on censuses - To initiate a dialogue in the region between census managers and users of disability statistics on how best a census can be utilized to collect data on persons with disabilities

16 - To introduce countries to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and discuss its use as conceptual framework for collecting census data on disability - To introduce the countries of the region to the work of the Washington City Group on Disability Statistics

17 Recommendations of the Cairo Meeting (1-5) June 2002 on disability statistics In order to have more accurate data on disability we need:

18 Interviewer Training for: Improve reporting on disability status Minimize non-response Minimize stereotyping Improve quality of data collected Training in probing techniques

19 Sensitivity Training about: How to ask questions on disability How to cope with listening to people talk about their disability Attitude in dealing with persons with disabilities-no prejudice

20 Issues to be Considered by Interviewers Establishing trust is vital for quality responses Be sensitive to the language you use Treat persons with disabilities as you would treat anyone else Language (Use of negative and derogatory terms) Do not make assumptions about a person’s disability Do not make assumptions about the person based on their observed disability That they can not answer questions because of the disability

21 Questions recommended to be used in the ESCWA Countries

22 Question design The question should be phrased in the context of health The question should relate to each person and not to the household in general The question should include a reference to a duration (long-term disability) The wording of the question should relate to the Activities/participation outcome

23 Conclusions: Census Question Question design The wording of the question should include simple language and should avoid the use of negative terms The term disability should be avoided in the formulation of the question and in the conversation between the interviewer and the respondent The “filter” question should be very simple and short Multiscale response categories should be considered

24 Conclusions: Census Question In the context of an health condition that lasts for 6 months or more, does… have any difficulty in performing usual activities? yes often yes sometimes no

25 In which area does… have this difficulty? (all that apply) Hearing Speaking Seeing Learning Moving around Self-care Other… Conclusions: Census Question

26 What is the main cause of difficulty? Congenital/prenatal Diseases/illness Injury/accidents/trauma Aging Other Conclusions: Census Question

27 Thank you and Happy New Year

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