Presentation on theme: "Visual Presentation The changing landscape in musicology towards more empirical approaches is not a displacing of the humanities spirit by an antithetical."— Presentation transcript:
Visual Presentation The changing landscape in musicology towards more empirical approaches is not a displacing of the humanities spirit by an antithetical scientific ethos. It is fundamentally a response to a clearer epistemological understanding of the role of methodology. Changing conditions simply allow us to be better music scholars, to embrace higher standards of evidence, and to be more acutely aware of the moral and esthetic repercussions of our knowledge claims, including claims that something is unknowable or that some phenomena ought not to be investigated. Our strongest criticisms should be levied at those who insist on speculative discourse when the resources are readily available to test such knowledge claims. (David Huron, The 1999 Ernest Bloch Lectures, UC Berkeley)The 1999 Ernest Bloch Lectures
Main References Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Main References Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, Rainbow, Edward L., and Hildegard C. Froehlich. Research in Music Education: An Introduction to Systematic Inquiry. New York: Schirmer Books, 1987.
Outline Visual or Verbal? Table or Figure? Table Figure Chart Graph Presentation & Ethics Presentation & Thinking
Visual or Verbal? Fields humanities: word-orientated social and natural sciences: data-orientated Quantity of Information upto 3 items: text 4–20 items: table or figure more then 20 items: figure (chart, graph)
Table or Figure? Form and Function verbal explanation and interpretation beforehand and/or afterwards title, order, highlight, round off, split up InformationInterpretation Tablehighlow, descriptive Chartmediummedium, static, comparative Graphlowhigh, dynamic, narrative
Table group and sort with rhetoric visual division no “checkerboard”: avoid vertical rules and limit horizontal ones round off values and provide average/median as necessary use word tables only for straightforward conceptual relationships, avoid overgeneralization
Figure Avoid 3-D Figures Keep contrasts simple and distinctive Chart Bar Chart: avoid stacked bars Pie Chart: use only to show rough proportions between ca. 5 items start at 12 o’clock and move clockwise Graph keep to 4-5 lines at one time
Presentation & Ethics Balance between effective rhetorics and fair representation ex. 五十步笑百步