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Clockwise from top left: Protesters gathering in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt; Demonstrators marching through Habib Bourguib Avenue in Tunis, Tunisia;

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Presentation on theme: "Clockwise from top left: Protesters gathering in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt; Demonstrators marching through Habib Bourguib Avenue in Tunis, Tunisia;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Clockwise from top left: Protesters gathering in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt; Demonstrators marching through Habib Bourguib Avenue in Tunis, Tunisia; Political dissidents in Sana'a, Yemen, demanding the resignation of the president; Protests in Douma,Syria (source: wikipedia). The 2011 Arab Spring in 10 questions…

2 Political map (1) : countries and head towns.

3 1. Label the map below with the names of the following countries: Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran. Refer to map Add a bold border around each of these regions : Maghreb ; the Middle east (map 2 on next slide) 3. Label each area.

4 The Maghreb Union countries Traditional definition of the Middle East G8 definition of the Greater Middle East Central Asia, areas sometimes associated with the Middle East (socio-political connections) Map 2 : Regional divisions.

5 Historical background : Ottoman domination and colonisation. 4. Where did the Ottoman Empire extend to at the end of the 17 th c.?

6 Historical background - the Ottoman domination : 5. which countries escaped Ottoman colonisation ? 6. Which countries were part of the Ottoman empire ? 7. When were they granted independence ? (click on to see animation).

7 European colonisation in the 19 th -20 th c. : 8. what new divisions were brought about ? 9. What are the ethnic and religious divisions of the Middle-East? Click here and study the case of Tunisia, Egypt, Syria and Yemen.Click here

8 Middle East protests: Country by country Following the fall of the presidents of Egypt and Tunisia, unrest has been spreading throughout the region. Could a domino effect sweep more leaders from power? Visit the BBC news website and select 2 or 3 countries to understand what was the specific background of popular uprisings in each Arab country.BBC news website  10. Fill in the following table to sum up the main ideas.

9 CountryChallenged leadership Corruption ranking PovertyMedian age* Type of protest** MotivesCurrent situation The 2011 uprisings – overview. * Median age : the point where half the population is older and half younger. **See next slide.

10 Government overthrown Sustained civil disorder and governmental changes Protests and governmental changes Major protests Minor protests


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