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Regional Gliding School Winds within a high Winds blow clockwise and outwards. H.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional Gliding School Winds within a high Winds blow clockwise and outwards. H."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Regional Gliding School Winds within a high Winds blow clockwise and outwards. H

4 Regional Gliding School Area of Divergence A flow of air outwards from a region and is associated with highs. Sinking air compensates for the flow of air outwards.

5 Regional Gliding School Winds within a low Winds blow counter- clockwise and inwards. L

6 Regional Gliding School Area of Convergence The flow of air into an area of low pressure is accompanied by rising air allowing the excess accumulation to escape.

7 Regional Gliding School Blows at night Land becomes cooler faster than water causing a high over the land Wind blows from the land (high pressure area) towards the water (low pressure area) Land Breeze

8 HL Wind blows from high to a low Cool land causes High Pressure over the land Warm Sea causes Low Pressure over the sea.

9 Regional Gliding School Sea Breeze Occurs during the day Land heats faster than water causing a low over the land Wind blows from the sea (high pressure area) towards the land (low pressure area)

10 Sea Breeze HL Warm Land causes Low Pressure over the land Cool Sea causes High Pressure over the sea Wind blows from high to a low

11 Regional Gliding School Confirmation Stage NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

12 Regional Gliding School A B Area of divergence Area of convergence A flow of air outwards from a region and is associated with highs. Sinking air compensates for the flow of air outwards. The flow of air into an area and is accompanied by rising air to permit the excess accumulation to escape. MeteorologyWinds Let's try a few review questions on Meteorology: Question #1 - Match A B Area of divergence Area of convergence

13 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

14 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

15 That answer is correct. Let's move on... Try other match

16 Flying Scholarship Program That answer is correct. Let's move on... Try other match

17 Regional Gliding School A B C D Land breeze Sea breeze Let's try a few review questions on Meteorology: Question #2 - At night land cools faster then water forming a higher pressure area. The result is wind blowing from the land to the sea. This is known as. Wind shear MeteorologyWinds Jet stream

18 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

19 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

20 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

21 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

22 Regional Gliding School Diurnal Variations Daily variation of the wind Caused by surface heating during the day Causes turbulence in lower levels which transfers the stronger upper level winds to the surface This causes surface winds to veer an increase during the day Surface winds back and decrease during the evening when daytime heating stops.

23 Regional Gliding School A rapid and brief increase in the wind speed. It is often associated with rapid fluctuations in the wind direction.

24 Regional Gliding School SPEED (KNOTS) TIME Rapid peaks and lulls in the wind speed GUSTS

25 Regional Gliding School Similar to a gust but of longer duration. Caused by the passage of a fast moving cold front or a thunderstorm.

26 Regional Gliding School SUDDEN INCREASE LASTING FOR AT LEAST TWO MINUTES TIME SPEED (KNOTS) AT LEAST TWO MINUTESSQUALLS

27 Regional Gliding School Mechanical Turbulence Friction between the air and surface features of the earth is responsible for the swirling vortices of air called “eddies”.

28 Regional Gliding School Violent, circular whirlpools of air associated with severe thunderstorms and are very deep concentrated lows. Tornadoes

29 Regional Gliding School Veering and Backing Veer –the wind changes direction clockwise –wind veers and increase as altitude increases e.g.270° to 300 ° –wind veers and increases during the day Back –the wind changes direction counter-clockwise –wind backs and decreases as altitude decreases e.g.90° to 60° –wind backs and decreases at night

30 Regional Gliding School Wind Shear Sudden “tearing” or “shearing” change in wind speed or direction. Can be very violent. Jet Stream Narrow bands of exceeding high speed winds known to exist in higher levels of the troposphere at altitudes ranging from 20, ,000 feet. Wind speed is usually knots but may get as high as 250 knots.

31 Regional Gliding School NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

32 Regional Gliding School A B C D Squall Gust Let's try a few review questions on Meteorology: Question #3 - What is a rapid and brief increase in the wind speed? Wind shear MeteorologyWinds Jet stream

33 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

34 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

35 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

36 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

37 Regional Gliding School A B C D Veer and increase Veer and decrease Let's try a few review questions on Meteorology: Question #4 - When happens to the wind as an aircraft ascends? Back and increase Back and decrease MeteorologyWinds

38 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

39 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

40 I’m afraid that answer is incorrect Let's try again... Flying Scholarship Program

41 That answer is correct. Let's move on...

42 Regional Gliding School Congratulations!! You have now completed the Winds lesson of the Meteorology Module. Of course, this lesson is always available to you for future reference if required. You are now ready to move along to the next Meteorology lesson you have not completed or to any other module you wish. You can advance to the Self Test Module if you feel ready to challenge the final exam. Good Luck! MeteorologyWinds


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