# Panasonic EVE-KC2F2024B 24 pulses per revolution 6mm diameter flattened output shaft output type: quadrature (incremental) minimum life: 15,000 rotations.

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Panasonic EVE-KC2F2024B 24 pulses per revolution 6mm diameter flattened output shaft output type: quadrature (incremental) minimum life: 15,000 rotations cost: less than \$1 (USD) Arduino Uno microcontroller board Interfacing a Rotary Encoder with an Arduino living with the lab Rotary encoders are used keep track of the rotational position of a knob, like a volume knob on a stereo, or the rotational position of a motor shaft.

living with the lab 2 A B COM clockwise rotation of knob counterclockwise rotation of knob B pin B = ON pin B = OFF A pin A = ON pin A = OFF When switch A goes ON and B is OFF, then rotation must be clockwise. When switch A goes ON and B is ON, then rotation must be counterclockwise. When switch A goes OFF and B is ON, then rotation must be clockwise. When switch A goes OFF and B is OFF, then rotation must be counterclockwise. increment rotational counter decrement rotational counter Encoder Output and Rotational Direction

living with the lab 3 The Guts of a Mechanical Encoder spring-loaded electrical contacts As the encoder knob is turned, the spring-loaded contacts pass over metal segments that connect to the A, B and COM pins. Electrical continuity occurs when a contact touches metal, but no continuity occurs when a contact touches the black plastic. One of the three contacts is always touching COM. A COM B electrical continuity between A and COM no electrical continuity between A and COM

Sensor Wiring (need four 10kΩ resistors and two 0.01  F capacitors) living with the lab 4 10kΩ the encoder is the part in the red box this part of the circuit keeps the A, B and COM “switches” from flickering at the beginning or end contact... this “debounces” the switches

A Simple Sketch living with the lab 5 volatile int encoderPos = 0; // the value of a volatile variable can change // in the function called by the interrupt void setup() { pinMode(2, INPUT); // encoder pinA is attached to digital pin2 pinMode(3, INPUT); // encoder pinB is attached to digital pin3 attachInterrupt(0, encoder, CHANGE); // interrupt0 maps to pin2 Serial.begin (9600); } void loop(){ } // main body of the sketch employing the interrupt void encoder() { if(digitalRead(2) == digitalRead(3)) // check to see if pins A & B have the same state {encoderPos--; } // decrement position if A & B are the same else {encoderPos++; } // increment position if A & B are not the same Serial.println (encoderPos, DEC); // send encoderPos to serial monitor } This sketch increments the variable “encoderPos” when the encoder knob is turned clockwise and decrements the variable when the knob is turned counterclockwise. The sketch uses an “interrupt” to avoid missing any changes in the position of the knob. The Arduino Uno has two interrupts attached to digital pins 2 and 3; we only use pin 2 as an interrupt here.

living with the lab 6 Example Application This implementation shows a knob mounted to the rotary encoder. This hardware includes two LEDS that come on and off as the encoder passes over the contacts. The hardware can be used with the sketch on the previous slide to demonstrate how the encoder works.

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