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In this lesson What is nuclear power ? What is used for fuel ? What are the side effects ? Where are nuclear power plants ? Are their any power plants.

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Presentation on theme: "In this lesson What is nuclear power ? What is used for fuel ? What are the side effects ? Where are nuclear power plants ? Are their any power plants."— Presentation transcript:

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2 In this lesson What is nuclear power ? What is used for fuel ? What are the side effects ? Where are nuclear power plants ? Are their any power plants in Indiana ?

3 Based on the splitting of atoms

4 NUCLEAR POWER provides the heat energy needed to make electricity

5 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCE FOSSIL FUELS COAL, OIL, GAS

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7 Fossil fuels currently supply over 80% of the world’s energy needs

8 Fossil fuels coal oil natural gas are non-renewable sources of energy

9 Formed from plants and animals that decayed up to 300 million years ago, fossil fuels are found in deposits beneath the earth.

10 Fossil fuels are excellent sources of energy COAL OIL NATURAL GAS

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13 THE FIRST NUCLEAR POWER STATION WAS BUILT IN:

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16 THE PROCESS OF SPLITTING ATOMS TO CREATE HEAT IS KNOWN AS:

17 ENORMOUS AMOUNTS OF HEAT IS PRODUCED WHEN URANIUM ATOMS ARE SPLIT. CHAIN REACTION…..

18 STEAM COOLING TOWER STEAM GENERATOR FISSION PROCESS HIGH PRESSURE LOW PRESSURE BOILER Energy is used to boil water

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20 GENERATORS

21 STEAM FROM COOLING TOWERS

22 CONTROL ROOM

23 Piketon, Ohio first built in URANIUM FACTORY

24 It will produce enough uranium each year to fuel 30 power plants.

25 1 PINT OF URANIUM EQUALS THE ENERGY IN * 70 TONS OF COAL * 400 BARRELS OF OIL. COAL OIL URANIUM

26 ONE POUND OF URANIUM EQUALS ONE-MILLION GALLONS OF GASOLINE

27 A NUCLEAR POWER STATION USES: 5 POUNDS OF URANIUM PER DAY.

28 FACTORIES ARE BEING BUILT THAT CAN MAKE URANIUM FROM THE ELEMENTS FOUND IN THE EARTH.

29 Uranium is then processed into fuel pellets Pellet

30 Mid WEST Uranium is not harmful

31 Burning uranium produces a toxic waste: Plutonium X

32 IT PRODUCES LOTS OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE THAT IS DIFFICULT TO DISPOSE OF SAFELY.

33 RADIOACTIVE WASTE IS LETHAL. IF SOMEONE WERE TO STAND 30 FEET AWAY FORM A SMALL AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR WASTE, THEY WOULD NOT LIVE VERY LONG. GOOD BYE

34 SOLID LIQUID GAS Nuclear plants REALLY burn clean: It’s the waste products from the uranium that is dangerous.

35 RADIOACTIVE WASTE IS VERY DANGEROUS AND WILL REMAIN ACTIVE FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS.

36 Scientists are taking a closer look at how to get rid of this lethal material..known as plutonium Uranium by itself is a common element found in the earth

37 SINCE NUCLEAR WASTE IS HAZARDOUS, WHERE DO WE STORE IT? THIS IS THE BIG QUESTION NOBODY WANTS A NUCLEAR WASTE DUMP IN THEIR BACK YARD. ?

38 TODAY NUCLEAR WASTE IS BEING STORED IN THE MOUNTAINS OF NEVADA YUCCA MOUNTAINS DEEP UNDERGROUND…..

39 YUCCA MOUNTAINS

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41 STEP 1. DRIED IT INTO A POWDER STEP 2. MIXED WITH MOLTEN GLASS STEP 3. POURED INTO STEEL CONTAINER STEP 4. WELD ON A STEEL LID STEP 5. PLACED DEEP UNDERGROUND STEP 6. COVERED WITH CONCRETE

42 STORAGE CONTAINERS

43 DISASTERS HAVE HAPPENED: IN 1986 THE CHERNOBL PLANT IN THE SOVIET UNION EXPLODED AND THE RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT CREATED SERIOUS EFFECTS ON THE PEOPLE IN THE SURROUNDING AREA.

44 An important difference between American nuclear plant design and Soviet design. Nuclear reactors in the United States are enclosed in massive containment domes made of CONCRETE Containment Dome

45 NUCLEAR PLANTS IN THE U.S. 104 Power Stations

46 Secret trucks carry nuclear waste to the waste site in Nevada

47 Trucking companies

48 NUCLEAR SUBMARINE SCORPION

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50 IN 1968: SCORPION had a nuclear power leak and plutonium killed all men on board

51 In 1961 Russia also had a nuclear power leak. Later… this accident was made into a movie WIDOWMAKER K-19

52 EARLY SUBMARINES RAN ON DIESEL FUEL & HAD TO SURFACE EVERY 12 HOURS FOR AIR & CHARGING OF BATTERIES

53 NUCLEAR SUBS CAN STAY UNDER WATER FOR MONTHS

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55 1. WHAT PROCESS IS USED TO PRODUCE NUCLEAR ENERGY ? A. FUSSION B. FISSION C. FISSURE

56 FISSION

57 2. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE ELEMENT USED IN NUCLEAR PLANTS ? A. URANIUM B. PHOSPHORUS C. FISSION

58 URANIUM

59 3. WHAT YEAR WAS THE FIRST NUCLEAR STATION BUILT ? A B C. 1951

60 1951

61 4. NUCLEAR REACTORS ARE ENCASED IN WHAT ? A. CONCRETE B. STEEL C. ALUMINUM

62 CONCRETE

63 5. WHAT PART OF A NUCLEAR PLANT IS THE MOST DANGEROUS ? A. THE BURNING STACK B. THE WASTE BY-PRODUCTS C. ATOMIC RODS

64 WASTE -BY-PRODUCTS

65 6. WHAT COMES OUT OF THE COOLING TOWERS OF A NUCLEAR PLANT ? A. EXHAUST GAS B. STEAM C. RADIOACTIVE FOG

66 STEAM

67 7. HOW LONG CAN NUCLEAR WASTE BE DANGEROUS ? A. 100 YEARS B. 500 YEARS C. 1,000 YEARS

68 1,000 YEARS

69 8. IS URANIUM A COMMON ELEMENT FOUND IN THE EARTH ? A. NO B. YES

70 YES, URANIUM IS A COMMON ELEMENT

71 9. IS THERE A NUCLEAR PLANT LOCATED IN INDIANA ? A. NO B. YES

72 NO

73 10. WHAT IS THIS A PICTURE OF ? A. GENERATOR B. ATOM REACTOR C. ALTERNATOR

74 GENERATOR

75 WHAT DANGEROUS ELEMENT IS CREATED AS A RESULT OF THE FISSION PROCESS ? SULFUR CARBON MONOXIDE PLUTONIUM

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