Presentation on theme: "Studio In Art Pretest REVIEW pretest given 10/2/13"— Presentation transcript:
1 Studio In Art Pretest REVIEW pretest given 10/2/13 Use this presentation to accompany your written pretest to study for your FINAL EXAM.What questions did you get wrong?Be sure you know the correct answer and, of course, why!*- more than half students answered incorrectly
2 Question #1- What is the basic difference between the Elements of Design - Shape and Form? Ans:Form is 3-dimensionalShapes are 2-dimensional
4 The Three Main Types of Visual Art Whether the work is three dimensional sculpture or two dimensional, it will still fall under one these three main typesRepresentationalAbstractNon-objective (non- representational)Types of Art
5 (*Question #2) Representational art is… ans: Type of Art Which Depicts Recognizable Objects/Figuresthe term "representational art" usually refers to images that are clearly recognizable for what they purport to be, such as a human figure, a banana, a tree, and so on. Such images need not be true to life. So a tree does not have to be green, or even upright, but it must clearly represent or be recognizable as a tree.A prehistoric painting of a bison from a cave in Spain is still recognizable to modern people.Albert Bierstadt's painting of the Rocky Mountains presents the viewer with a convincing illusion of great depthHow to distinguish Representational Art from Nonobjective Art
6 Abstract Art is…The often misunderstood type of art known as abstract art aims to take subjects from reality but present them in way that is different from the way they are viewed in our reality (abstraction). Not concrete. Apart from reality.Salvador Dali. Persistence of Memory (Surrealism)More on DaliGeorges Braque. Woman with Guitar(Cubism)More on Braque
7 Non-Objective Art (also known as Non-Representational Art ) Describes any type of is wholly devoid of any reference to the natural world. Relies on the basic elements of design – line, shape, form, value, color, space. (no recognizable subject)Piet Mondrian, Composition No. 10(Minimalism) More on Piet MondrianWasilly Kandinsky – Yellow, Red, Blue(Abstract Expressionism) More about KandinskyMost of Jackson Pollock's paintings bear names like "Number 3" and "Black and White,” Typical for Nonrepresentational Art.(Abstract Expressionism) More on PollockMark Rothko – No. 13 White, Red on Yellow(Color Field) More on Rothko
8 PLEASE MAKE A MENTAL NOTE: ALL art was Representational throughout most of human history.ONLY In the early 20th century, did Abstract Art and Non-Objective (aka. Non- representational) come into prominence.For more information about artists, styles, movements, history and techniques…or just about anything art, visit
9 Question #3- The term SUBJECT refers to the…. Ans:The main object(s) pictured in an artwork, orwhat the painting is about, orwhat it represents.aka. Subject Matter
10 Question #4 – The linear perspective system we use today was developed during the… ans: Renaissance (yr )- By careful observation of nature, including studies of anatomical dissections, linear perspective was the answer for Renaissance Artists who wished to recreate the 3-dimensional physical reality of the human form on 2- dimensional (flat)surfaces.- The first to carry out a series of optical experiments that led to a mathematical theory of perspective was the Florentine architect and engineer Filippo Brunelleschi in the 15th century.Brunelleschi’s dome is the largest masonry dome ever built and it is the coverage of the Cathedral of Florence.
12 The 4 Main Classifications of Sculpture ReliefIn-the-RoundKineticInstallation
13 *Question #5- Sculpture mainly viewed from one side is referred to as… Ans: Relief Sculpture
14 Relief SculptureAny work in which the figures project from a supporting backgroundBas-Relief – Low Relief - close to the backgroundAlto-Relievo – High Relief – closest to being almost completely 3DAncient Egyptian HieroglyphMore on Ancient Egyptian ArtWilliam Morris Hunt, The Flight of the NightMore about American Relief Sculpture
15 In-the-Round Sculpture refers to being able to see or view something in three dimensions and from all sides.Henry Moore, Reclining FigureMore about Henry MooreAugustoAncient Roman Sculpture – focus on realism and life-likeDiskobolos (Discus Thrower)Ancient Greek Sculpture - focus on aesthetics, beauty and athleticismMore on Ancient Greek ArtHow to distinguish between Greek and Roman Sculpture
16 Kinetic Sculptureart that moves: art, especially sculpture, with parts that move, e.g. when blown by the wind or activated by electricityDavid C. Roy, Order SwoopSwweeeet Vids of David C. Roy's Wooden SculpturesAlexander CalderCalder room at National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.CMore on Kinetic Art
17 More on Installation Sculpture Art that is or has been installed — arranged in a place — either by the artist or as specified by the artist. Installations may be temporary or permanent, but most will be viewed through photographic documentationMore on Installation Sculpture
18 Question #6 Colors found next to each other on the color wheel are… ans: Analogous
19 Question #7 The Color Relationship that has high contrast is… complementary colors,aka. contrasting colors, are directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Selecting contrasting colors is useful when you want to make the colors stand out more vibrantly.
20 Question #8 If an artist uses only one hue, but many values of that hue, she is painting using what color scheme?Ans. Monochromatic Prefix MONO – means ONE * CHROMA – comes from the Latin word COLORPablo Picasso, from his blue period
21 *Question 9 Pop Art is a style that is characterized by Ans: the use of images and icons from POPular culture
22 * Question #10 Surrealist artists painting using imagery from ans. Imagery from dream worlds….aka subconsciousAll about Surrealism
23 *Question #11The definition of Non-objective art is… Found on slide #7
24 *Question #12The critique process has four elements: 1- Describe 2- Analyze 3- Interpret 4- Judge
25 DescriptionA description is a statement that creates a mental image of something. State only facts!In a critique, describe the work of art to someone as if they had never seen it before.Make sure you refer to the Elements of Design - Value* Shape * Form * Color * Space *Texture * Line *Things like….The Credit lineSubject of the artworkObjects in the painting.First impression. Note the characteristics of the artwork that first jump out at you.Colors used.Shapes, lines and texture.Value – where you see light/darksSpace - what is in the fore/middle and backgroundSensory qualities. Identify the predominant mood and visual effect.Location
26 AnalysisIt answers the question, "How did the artist do it?"Analyzing a work of art tells about the how the artist has used the Elements of Design. State only facts!Make sure you refer to the Principles of Design- Balance *Contrast * Emphasis * Movement* Pattern *And how it applies to …Color.Shapes.Forms.lines.Texture.Light and shadow. (value.)
27 InterpretationBased on what you have learned so far about the artwork….What do you think the artist was trying to say?Why did the artist create this artwork?What do you think it means?What feelings do you have when looking at this artwork?Do you think there are things in the artwork that represent other things - symbols?
28 Judgment Do you like this artwork? Do you think it is a good artwork? Do think it is an important artwork?Would display this artwork in your home?Is this artwork good enough to put in a museum?Justify your opinion. Explain why you feel the way you do about this artwork based on what you have learned about it.