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Studio In Art Pretest REVIEW pretest given 10/2/13 Use this presentation to accompany your written pretest to study for your FINAL EXAM. What questions.

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Presentation on theme: "Studio In Art Pretest REVIEW pretest given 10/2/13 Use this presentation to accompany your written pretest to study for your FINAL EXAM. What questions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Studio In Art Pretest REVIEW pretest given 10/2/13 Use this presentation to accompany your written pretest to study for your FINAL EXAM. What questions did you get wrong? Be sure you know the correct answer and, of course, why! *- more than half students answered incorrectly

2 Question #1- What is the basic difference between the Elements of Design - Shape and Form? Ans: Form is 3-dimensional Shapes are 2-dimensional

3 ShapeForm

4 The Three Main Types of Visual Art Representational Abstract Non-objective (non- representational) Whether the work is three dimensional sculpture or two dimensional, it will still fall under one these three main types Types of Art

5 (*Question #2) Representational art is… How to distinguish Representational Art from Nonobjective Art A prehistoric painting of a bison from a cave in Spain is still recognizable to modern people. Albert Bierstadt's painting of the Rocky Mountains presents the viewer with a convincing illusion of great depth the term "representational art" usually refers to images that are clearly recognizable for what they purport to be, such as a human figure, a banana, a tree, and so on. Such images need not be true to life. So a tree does not have to be green, or even upright, but it must clearly represent or be recognizable as a tree. ans: Type of Art Which Depicts Recognizable Objects/Figures

6 Abstract Art is… The often misunderstood type of art known as abstract art aims to take subjects from reality but present them in way that is different from the way they are viewed in our reality (abstraction). Not concrete. Apart from reality. Georges Braque. Woman with Guitar (Cubism) More on Braque Salvador Dali. Persistence of Memory (Surrealism) More on Dali

7 Most of Jackson Pollock's paintings bear names like "Number 3" and "Black and White,” Typical for Nonrepresentational Art. (Abstract Expressionism) More on PollockMore on Pollock Wasilly Kandinsky – Yellow, Red, Blue (Abstract Expressionism) More about KandinskyMore about Kandinsky Mark Rothko – No. 13 White, Red on Yellow (Color Field) More on RothkoMore on Rothko Piet Mondrian, Composition No. 10 (Minimalism) More on Piet MondrianMore on Piet Mondrian Describes any type of is wholly devoid of any reference to the natural world. Relies on the basic elements of design – line, shape, form, value, color, space. (no recognizable subject) Non-Objective Art (also known as Non-Representational Art )

8 PLEASE MAKE A MENTAL NOTE:  ALL art was Representational throughout most of human history.  ONLY In the early 20th century, did Abstract Art and Non-Objective (aka. Non- representational) come into prominence. For more information about artists, styles, movements, history and techniques…or just about anything art, visit

9 Question #3- The term SUBJECT refers to the…. Ans: -The main object(s) pictured in an artwork, or - what the painting is about, or -what it represents. -aka. Subject Matter

10 Question #4 – The linear perspective system we use today was developed during the… ans: Renaissance (yr ) - By careful observation of nature, including studies of anatomical dissections, linear perspective was the answer for Renaissance Artists who wished to recreate the 3-dimensional physical reality of the human form on 2- dimensional (flat)surfaces. - The first to carry out a series of optical experiments that led to a mathematical theory of perspective was the Florentine architect and engineer Filippo Brunelleschi in the 15 th century. Brunelleschi’s dome is the largest masonry dome ever built and it is the coverage of the Cathedral of Florence.

11 More about Da Vinci and the Renaissance

12 The 4 Main Classifications of Sculpture Relief In-the-Round Kinetic Installation

13 *Question #5- Sculpture mainly viewed from one side is referred to as… Ans: Relief Sculpture

14 Relief Sculpture Any work in which the figures project from a supporting background William Morris Hunt, The Flight of the Night More about American Relief Sculpture Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyph More on Ancient Egyptian Art Bas-Relief – Low Relief - close to the background Alto-Relievo – High Relief – closest to being almost completely 3D

15 In-the-Round Sculpture Diskobolos (Discus Thrower) Ancient Greek Sculpture - focus on aesthetics, beauty and athleticism More on Ancient Greek Art How to distinguish between Greek and Roman Sculpture Augusto Ancient Roman Sculpture – focus on realism and life-like Henry Moore, Reclining Figure More about Henry Moore refers to being able to see or view something in three dimensions and from all sides.

16 Kinetic Sculpture More on Kinetic Art Alexander Calder Calder room at National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C Swweeeet Vids of David C. Roy's Wooden Sculptures David C. Roy, Order Swoop art that moves: art, especially sculpture, with parts that move, e.g. when blown by the wind or activated by electricity

17 Installation Art that is or has been installed — arranged in a place — either by the artist or as specified by the artist. Installations may be temporary or permanent, but most will be viewed through photographic documentation More on Installation Sculpture

18 Question #6 Colors found next to each other on the color wheel are… ans: Analogous

19 Question #7 The Color Relationship that has high contrast is… complementary colors, aka. contrasting colors, are directly opposite each other on the color wheel. Selecting contrasting colors is useful when you want to make the colors stand out more vibrantly.

20 Question #8 If an artist uses only one hue, but many values of that hue, she is painting using what color scheme? Ans. Monochromatic Prefix MONO – means ONE * CHROMA – comes from the Latin word COLOR Pablo Picasso, from his blue period

21 *Question 9 Pop Art is a style that is characterized by Ans: the use of images and icons from POP ular culture

22 * Question #10 Surrealist artists painting using imagery from ans. Imagery from dream worlds….aka subconscious All about Surrealism

23 *Question #11 The definition of Non-objective art is… Found on slide #7

24 *Question #12 The critique process has four elements: 1- Describe 2- Analyze 3- Interpret 4- Judge

25 Description A description is a statement that creates a mental image of something. State only facts! In a critique, describe the work of art to someone as if they had never seen it before. Make sure you refer to the Elements of Design - Value* Shape * Form * Color * Space *Texture * Line * Things like…. The Credit line Subject of the artwork Objects in the painting. First impression. Note the characteristics of the artwork that first jump out at you. Colors used. Shapes, lines and texture. Value – where you see light/darks Space - what is in the fore/middle and background Sensory qualities. Identify the predominant mood and visual effect. Location

26 Analysis Analyzing a work of art tells about the how the artist has used the Elements of Design. State only facts! Make sure you refer to the Principles of Design- Balance *Contrast * Emphasis * Movement* Pattern * And how it applies to … Color. Shapes. Forms. lines. Texture. Light and shadow. (value.) It answers the question, "How did the artist do it?"

27 Interpretation Based on what you have learned so far about the artwork…. What do you think the artist was trying to say? Why did the artist create this artwork? What do you think it means? What feelings do you have when looking at this artwork? Do you think there are things in the artwork that represent other things - symbols?

28 Judgment Do you like this artwork? Do you think it is a good artwork? Do think it is an important artwork? Would display this artwork in your home? Is this artwork good enough to put in a museum? Justify your opinion. Explain why you feel the way you do about this artwork based on what you have learned about it.

29 Describe


31 Analyze

32 Interpret The critic presents his opinion about the meaning behind the artwork.

33 Judge

34 Question #14 See slides The correct answer is c


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