Presentation on theme: "Politics of the Roaring Twenties"— Presentation transcript:
1Politics of the Roaring Twenties Would you strike and risk your family’s welfare?
2Examine the IssuesDo city workers have a responsibility not to go on strike?Should the government intervene in disputes between labor and business?Does the success of a strike depend on you?
3PART I: America Struggles with Postwar Issues Main ideaA desire for normality (NORMALCY- Harding Adm) after the war and a fear of communism (RED SCARE) and “foreigners” led to postwar isolationism.Why it Matters TodayAmericans today continue to debate political isolationism and immigration today.
4Postwar Trends- home from WWI Debate over the League of Nations had deeply divided America. (Wilson’s 14th PT)Returning soldiers faced unemployment.Cost of living had doubled.Nativism or prejudice against foreign-born people, swept America.Isolationism-a policy of pulling away from the involvement in world affairs.
8Limiting Immigration “Keep America for Americans” Immigrants worked for less money.
9A Time of Labor UnrestGovernment wouldn’t allow for strikes during the war.,000 strikes.Three strikes in particular grabbed public attention.
10Labor Movement Loses Appeal Union membership dropped in the 20’s.Reasons for decline:Immigrants worked in poor conditionsImmigrants didn’t speak EnglishFarmers relied on themselvesUnions excluded African Americans
11Americans Struggle with Postwar Issues Review Explain how the Red Scare, the Sacco and Vanzetti case, and the rise of the KKK reflected concerns held by many Americans.All three events reflected fear of immigrants and radical movements.Describe the primary goal of the Immigration Quota System established in 1921.The goal of the quota system was to reduce European immigration to the U.S.
12PART II: The Harding “Normalcy” Presidency Main IdeaThe Harding administration appealed to America’s desire for calm and peace after the war, but resulted in scandal.Why it Matters TodayThe government must guard against scandal and corruption to merit public trust.
13One American’s StoryWarren G. Harding (29th) was described as a good-natured man who “looked like a president ought to look.”Ohio Gang- brought his “friends” from his home state of OHIO with him into political offices they were not “qualified or prepared” to run correctly…troubled waters!!!!!!
14Harding Struggles for Peace After WWI, problems surfaced relating to arms control, war debts, and the reconstruction of war-torn countries so...Harding invited several major powers to Washington Naval Conference.Sec. of State- Charles Evans Hughes- suggest that the five major powers disarm.1928- Kellogg-Briand Pact- NO MORE WAR was an international policy (made WAR ILLEGAL).
16Fordney-McCumber Tariff As a result of the war, Americans had two main concerns:First, they wanted to ensure economic self-sufficiency so that no future enemy could manipulate the American economy.Second, many industries wanted to preserve the benefits of the increased wartime demand.
17High Tariffs and Reparations Britain and France looked for ways to pay back $10 billion to the U.S. they had “borrowed for WWI”Two way they could pay back:Selling goods to the U.S.Collecting reparations from Germany (**33 BILLION OWED**)1922-Fordney-McCumber Tariff- Congress raised taxes on imports to 60%!!!!!!!!!Germany defaulted on loans…SO… U.S. gives $2.5 billion to Germany so they can pay Britain & France.Dawes Plan- U.S. bankers would loan money to Germany to pay back Britain and France.In essence, U.S. was repaid with their own money
20The Harding Presidency S E C T I O N2The Harding PresidencyHOMEASSESSMENT1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List five significant events from this section and their effects.EventsEffectsKellog-Briand PactNaval disarmamentFordney McCumber TariffRaised tariffs to highest levelDawes PlanU.S. loans to Germany repay reparationsQuota ActImmigration restrictedTeapot Dome scandalGovernment corruptioncontinued . . .
21The Harding Presidency Review What did Harding want to do to return America to “normalcy”?Harding wanted to get America back to the simpler days before the Progressive Era reforms.Summarize the Teapot Dome scandal.The scandal was about corruption in the leasing of government of reserves to private companies; one cabinet member received bonds, cash, and ranches in exchange for oil contracts… goes all the way up to SEC of INTERIOR ALBERT B. FALLHarding dies of heart attack/stroke soon after this breaks, summer 1923…VP Coolidge becomes new president!
22PART III: The Business of America Main IdeaConsumer goods fueled the business boom of the 1920’s as America’s standard of living soared.Why it Matters TodayBusiness, technological, and social developments of the 1920’s launched the era of modern consumerism.
23Calvin Coolidge“The chief business of the American people is business”
24American Industries Flourish The new president, Calvin Coolidge (30th), fit into pro-business spirit of the 1920’s very well.Coolidge favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up. Limited government interference: LASSAIZE FAIRE…leave business ONLY!.
25Route 661916- Federal-Aid Road Act sets up highway program with federal gov’t paying half the cost of states’ highway construction1921- Highway construction in 11 western states begins under administration of Bureau of Public Roads1926- US Highway 66, ran 2,448 miles from Chicago to Los Angeles, CA, is established
26America’s Standard of Living Soars Between the years , Americans prospered.Annual income rose from $522 to $705People spent money, advertising changes to persuade people to buy their products
28A Superficial Prosperity During the 1920’s, most Americans believed prosperity would go on forever.
29The Business of America Review How did changes in technology in the 1920’s influence American life?The automobile prompted the building of new roads, gave people more mobility, and created jobs; airplanes improved transportation and communication; electrical appliances freed up time for other activities.What evidence suggests that the prosperity of the 1920’s was not on a firm foundation?The income gap between workers and managers was growing; some industries were stagnant or losing money; people were increasing their debt.
30The Business of America S E C T I O N3The Business of AmericaGRAPHHOMEASSESSMENT1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List events that illustrate the technological and business changes of the 1920s.Development of the automobile industryUse of the installment planTechnology & Business Changes of the 1920sExpansion of the airline industrySpread of modern advertisingInvention of new electrical appliancescontinued . . .