Presentation on theme: "[Book] Name of the Artist (Dates Born and Died) 1. Introductory sentence about the artist, include where the artist is from and what their profession(s)"— Presentation transcript:
[Book] Name of the Artist (Dates Born and Died) 1. Introductory sentence about the artist, include where the artist is from and what their profession(s) (painter, printmaker, architect, etc.) was. 2. Sentences about how they used two of your vocabulary words (example: Leonardo da Vinci used aerial perspective in the background of many of his paintings. In the Mona Lisa, for example, he used cool colors in the background. ***On the opposite page, draw one of their works of art.*** [Book] Name of the Artist (Dates Born and Died) 1. Introductory sentence about the artist, include where the artist is from and what their profession(s) (painter, printmaker, architect, etc.) was. 2. Sentences about how they used two of your vocabulary words (example: Leonardo da Vinci used aerial perspective in the background of many of his paintings. In the Mona Lisa, for example, he used cool colors in the background. ***On the opposite page, draw one of their works of art.***
A.Aerial perspective- how atmospheric conditions (the air) influence how we see things in the distance. B. Atmospheric perspective- how things appear smaller, bluer, and hazier in the background. C. Chiaroscuro-bold contrasts between light and dark. D.Contraposto- a figure standing mainly on one foot, so that his body is no longer symmetrical but tilted. E. Foreshortening- when an object appears to be “shortened” or smaller because of its angle to the picture plane.
F. Fresco- a mural painting technique in which paint is mixed with wet plaster. G. Humanism- a renewed interest in the art and writing of antiquity (ancient Greece and Rome.) H. Linear perspective- the mathematical system for creating the illusion of depth on a flat surface I. Sfumato-a painting technique in which there are no harsh lines and different areas of color appear to blend together. J.Trompe l’oeil- French “deceive the eye,” an art technique that uses realistic imagery to create the illusion that it is actually 3-dimensional. K.Triangular Composition- using shapes and lines to arrange figures into a triangle in the artwork
Europe Australia South America North America Antarctica Asia Atlantic OceanIndian Ocean Pacific OceanSouthern Ocean Arctic Ocean
Why do we study ancient Greek civilization? People have been studying the Greeks for so long that we have learned to see them in many different ways. Some people see the Greeks as the beginning of Western Civilization: if you want to take this approach, you might teach about how the Greeks invented the geometrical proof, the scientific method, the writing of history and plays. You might also mention how much our literature owes to Greek mythology, our civic architecture to the Greek temple, our churches to the Greek basilica, and our theaters to the Greek theater. Some people see the Greeks as very much like us; if you want to show them that way you'd talk about their democratic government, their court system, and their poetry.
Greco-Roman Empire Greek Architecture Roman Architecture
Christianity Constantine Ruled: 25 July 306 AD – 29 October 312 AD 29 October 312 – 19 September September 324 – 22 May 337 Died: 22 May 337( ) (aged 65)
(Before Renaissance) The Middle Ages Art in Europe centered around the Church and Religion. Figures were mainly religious, placed centrally, and painted larger than the others. Do the people look realistic? What were the main colors that were used? Madonna in Majesty, 1285, Tempera on Panel, Florence. Chartres Cathedral, Stone Statues, 13 th Century, France.
The Limbourg Brothers, The Pentacost (above) And September: The Book of Hours, 1416, calligraphy on vellum, Musee Conde- near Paris. From these pages, what can we see about Life in the Middle Ages?
The Fall of the Middle Ages and Rise of the Renaissance The bubonic plague or “black death” caused people to think more about life on earth. There was a rise in wealth from trade and banking families who supported the arts and sciences. The rise of humanism- the study of ancient Roman and Greek texts and interest in becoming an outstanding citizen. Paul Fürst, Doktor Schnabel von Rom ("Doctor Beak of Rome"),1656.Doktor Schnabel von RomDoctor Beak of Rome Catacombs. Paris, France. Cistercian monks. Bone Chapel.
The Renaissance “Rebirth” Began in the banking city of Florence, Italy. Money was used to support the arts, architecture, science, and mathematics. Da Vinci’s design for a flying machine in 1488…ideas really took flight!
Renaissance Art Interests Artists had an interest in creating the world around them, but were missing the tools to help them. What techniques would help them create the illusion of the way the world actually looked on a flat surface? Giovanni di Paolo, Paradise, Where is the horizon line?
Filippo Brunelleschi ( ) Church of San Lorenzo, Dome for the Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore,
Brunelleschi's sketches for the Duomo
Brunelleschi Need to know: Watchmaker and Goldsmith-his trade which helped him figure out how to create the dome Architect-first since antiquity to build a dome, did not use scaffolding Humanism- looking back at the dome
Michelangelo ( ) Pieta, St. Peter’s Basilica, marble, David, 1504, marble, Florence. Sistine Ceiling- The Last Judgment Sistine Ceiling, Vatican, fresco,
Last Judgement Scene from the Sistine Chapel.
Michelangelo, detail from the Sistine Chapel of the Libyan Sibyl, , the Vatican. Foreshorten-the visual effect that causes an object to appear shorter because it is angled toward the viewer.
o Sculptor and Painter o Artist Style - Vibrant, emotional. o Patronage – Medici and Pope o Contraposto, humanism, trompe l’oeil Need to knows:
Leonardo Da Vinci ( ) Drawings The Last Supper, Mural painting, 1490s, Milan. Genevre de Benci, 1474, oil on panel, National Gallery of Art.
Aerial Perspective-when forms appear smaller and hazier in the background and are cooler colors. Madonna of the Rocks, oil on canvas, , The Louvre. Mona Lisa, oil on wood, 1480, the Louvre.
o Artist - Painter, but created very few of them. Drew sculptures but never created one. Posed. o Inventor- Canal locks, automobiles, heliocopters, catapault, tanks.... o Scientist - Anatomy, bird flight, proportion, blood circulation, light and vision.... o Vocab: Triangular composition. Need to knows:
Raphael ( ) Deliverance of St. Peter, 1514, fresco, Vatican City. Sistine Madonna, 1512, Oil on canvas, Dresden.
Raphael, The School of Athens, , Fresco, the Vatican.
o Painter- Inspired by Leanardo 's triangular compostion, Michaelangelo's expression of the human form, but calmer more deliberate artwork. o Died at 37 years old o Vocab: Need to knows:
Northern Renaissance Protestant Reformation vs Roman Catholic Church divided Northern Europe From the late 15 th Century on, the ideas of the Italian Renaissance spread to many other parts of Europe
Albrecht Durer ( ) Self Portrait 1500, oil on Wood panel, Munich. Wing of Bird-Taxedermy The Rhinoceros, 1515, Woodcut, Spain. A Young Hare, 1502, watercolor, Vienna. Melancholia I, 1514, engraving, Germany.
Need to know German Painter Printmaker Mathematician Foreshortening
Pieter Brueghel the Elder ( ) The Fall of Icarus, 1558, oil on wood, Belgium. Netherlandish Proverbs, 1526, oil on wood, Berlin. Hunters in the Snow, 1565, Oil on wood, Brussels.
Need to know Flemish Painter Printmaker Atmospheric perspective
Rembrandt van Rijn ( ) Night Watch, 1642, oil on canvas, Amsterdam. The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulaep, 1632, oil on canvas, Amsterdam. Feast of Belshazzar, 1635, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art. Christ Preaching, 1649, etching, Japan.
Need to know Dutch Printmaker Painter Chiaroscuro
Johannes Vermeer The Art of Painting, 1666, oil on canvas, Vienna. The Music Lesson, 1662, oil on canvas, London. Girl with a Pearl Earring, 1665, Oil on canvas, The Hague.