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The Art of Islam Oct. 13, 2011. I. Introduction: art and religion.

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Presentation on theme: "The Art of Islam Oct. 13, 2011. I. Introduction: art and religion."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Art of Islam Oct. 13, 2011

2 I. Introduction: art and religion

3 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, opening Nov. 1, 2011

4 II. Introduction to Islam

5 Abraham and his son Isaac, Ravenna, Church of San Vitale, 547, mosaic

6 Muhammad and Islam Muhammad, the Prophet, CE in Mecca Qur’an (sometimes spelled Koran), was revealed to Muhammad in approximately 23 years between CE In 622 CE Muhammad fled Mecca with his followers and went to Medina, a desert oasis This event the Hegira marks the beginning of the His followers returned and conquered Mecca in 630 By Muhammad’s death the Arabian tribes were united and had joined Islam

7 Qur’an. 9 th or 10 th Century

8 Islam Islam and Muslim come from words meaning submission to the will of Allah (God) Islam is emphatically monotheistic Five pillars of Islam 1 The testimony 2. Daily prayer 3 Fasting during Ramadan 4 Almsgiving 5 A pilgrimage to Mecca Hadj Also observance of moral code in the Qur’an

9 Kaa’ba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia,

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13 III. The Dome of the Rock and Haram al-Sharif

14 Jerusalem, Western Wall, wall of the foundation of the second Temple 19 B.C.E. Dome of the Rock, Haram el Sharif, late 7th century

15 Jerusalem, Dome of the Rock, late 7 th century

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19 Tile, Kashan, 13 th century

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22 Jerusalem, Western Wall, wall of the foundation of the second Temple 19 B.C.E. Dome of the Rock, Haram el Sharif, late 7th century

23 Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Jerusalem, Israel, plan and reconstruction of the Constantinian church, ca. 325

24 Domes of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, 326

25 IV. Ceramics and Textiles

26 Dish, Iran, 10 th century

27 Bowl, earthenware,

28 Ceramic tile with an Arabic inscription, Iran, 1215

29 Ardabil carpet, Iran,

30 Ardibil Carpet, Iran

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33 Mosque lamp, glass, gilded and enamelled glass, Syria or Egypt c. 1360

34 V. The Great Mosque of Cordoba

35 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Umayyad, Caliphate

36 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, late 7 th century, Umayyad Caliphate

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39 Qu’ran which has blood (purportedly Uthman’s) on its pages

40 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Umayyad, Caliphate

41 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Ummayyad, Caliphate, hypostyle hall

42 Plan of the Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, ca

43 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Umayyad, Caliphate

44 Marble capital from the great Mosque at Cordoba, 10 th century

45 Mihrab niche which identifies the qibla wall (direction of Mecca and the Kaa’ba), Great Mosque at Cordoba, 965

46 Dome in front of the mihrab niche, Great Mosque at Cordoba, 965

47 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Umayyad, Caliphate

48 Stained glass, Notre Dame, Cathedral of Reims, France,

49 Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain begun 786, Umayyad, Caliphate Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, late 7 th century, Umayyad Caliphate

50 Cathedral of Cordoba, inside the mosque of Cordoba, 15 th Century


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