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The Italian Renaissance: Art

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance: Art"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance: Art

2 Medieval Art Fusion of different styles
Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Christian ideas Church richest, most powerful institution in Medieval world Had the money to support artists throughout Medieval period Northern European “Barbarian” artistic tradition (Celtic, Germanic) Byzantine (iconography) Much of the non-religious medieval art is lost to us No concept of preserving art outside of church

3 Medieval Painting: Major Styles
Byzantine (iconography) Portrayed people as expressionless / blank eyes Flat, two dimensional figures (unrealistic) Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all times Focus wasn’t on the individual but rather the celebration of God Illuminated Manuscripts Book where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc) Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric lines Created and drawn by monks, priests Illuminated Bible page (closeup)

4 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
St. Francis’ Rule Approved Giotto ( ?) Tempera (egg yolk mixed with pigment) on wood and ground gold Questions Glowing head? Realistic? Depth perception?

5 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
The Epiphany Giotto 1320 Tempera on wood and ground gold. Questions Glowing head? Depth?

6 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
The Crucifixion Giotto (1305) Tempera on wood and ground gold. Questions Realism? Glowing heads? Depth?

7 Characteristics of Italian Renaissance Art
1. Bright colors & oil paints (change in material used) 2. Focus on realism Natural poses were life-like, realistic (like the GREEKS!) Showed personality & emotion in the art Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times

8 Use of perspective Perspective (Della Pittura – Alberti)
(horizon line, vanishing point) Shadowing created illusion of depth Made items in background smaller

9 Lamentation Over the Dead Christ, Andre Mantegna (1481)
Notes …Realistic? …Perspective?

10 Betrothal of the Virgin
Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael 1504

11 Compare & Contrast Perspective

12 4. Classicism Obvious Greco-Roman influence
Individualism (free standing figures) Symmetry/Balance Statue of Habacuc Donatello ( )

13 School of Athens - Raphael

14 5. Emphasis on Individualism
Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Duchess of Urbino (Piero della Francesca, )

15 6. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci (1469) The figure as architecture!

16 Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507

17 Where was the Renaissance taking place?

18 Renaissance Florence

19 Lorenzo the Magnificent
Cosimo de Medici Grandson of Cosimo Ruled Florence, 1469 to death Patron to Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli Medici bank = base of power Took over Florence, 1433 Patron to Brunelleschi, others

20 Adoration of the Magi Entire Medici family shown Who are the “magi”?
Who is in far right, looking at viewers?

21 Brunelleschi’s Dome

22 Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436
Architect, sponsored by Cosimo Medici Won contest to design the dome of St. Maria del Fiore (cathedral)

23 Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1436)
Won competition to design dome for new Cathedral in Florence Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts Parthenon, in Rome Used ribs to support dome

24 Brunelleschi – Architect
Built lightweight inner dome, then exterior dome of wind resistant material Dimensions: 137 feet across Weight: 40,785 tons containing over four million bricks Time to construct: 16 years

25 Dome Comparisons Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)

26 Renaissance Religious Themes
Madonna and Child

27 Madonna and Child, Fra Filippo Lippi Emotion of face -she looks like a real mother - tired, worn down

28 School of Athens-Raphael
Painting of Plato’s Academy, w/ many ancient scholars shown Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Raphael on extreme right Figures grouped and placed on purpose

29 The School of Athens – Raphael, details
Plato: pointing to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. Aristotle: pointing to the earth [the here and now].

30 \ Euclid Socrates Details, School of Athens

31 Details, School of Athens
Michelangelo Raphael

32 “Study of the Gradations
Leonardo da Vinci “Self portrait” “Study of Hands” “Study of the Gradations of shadows”

33 Parachute “Vitruvian Man” Notebook page (written backwards!) Helicopter

34 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook
Machine gun Tank Helicopter

35 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his
Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

36 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): from his Notebook

37 Mona Lisa Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini “Mona” - Italian version of ‘Madonna’ or ‘my lady’

38 A Macaroni Mona

39 Mona Lisa – da Vinci, ?

40 A Picasso Mona

41 An Andy Warhol Mona

42 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

43 The Last Supper  Original, now What original might have looked like 

44 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498
vertical horizontal Perspective!

45 A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

46 Michelangelo

47 The Pieta

48 David

49 What a difference a century makes!

50 The Sistine Chapel

51 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

52 The Sistine Chapel Details
Creation of Man

53 The Sistine Chapel Details
The Last Judgment

54 The End

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