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The Italian Renaissance: Art. Medieval Art Fusion of different styles Fusion of different styles Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Roman ideas.

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance: Art. Medieval Art Fusion of different styles Fusion of different styles Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Roman ideas."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance: Art

2 Medieval Art Fusion of different styles Fusion of different styles Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Roman ideas (techniques of sculpture lost) Christian ideas Christian ideas Church richest, most powerful institution in Medieval world Church richest, most powerful institution in Medieval world Had the money to support artists throughout Medieval period Had the money to support artists throughout Medieval period Northern European “Barbarian” artistic tradition (Celtic, Germanic) Northern European “Barbarian” artistic tradition (Celtic, Germanic) Byzantine (iconography) Byzantine (iconography) Much of the non-religious medieval art is lost to us Much of the non-religious medieval art is lost to us No concept of preserving art outside of church No concept of preserving art outside of church

3 Medieval Painting: Major Styles  Byzantine (iconography)  Portrayed people as expressionless / blank eyes  Flat, two dimensional figures (unrealistic)  Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all times  Focus wasn’t on the individual but rather the celebration of God  Illuminated Manuscripts  Book where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc)  Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric lines  Created and drawn by monks, priests Illuminated Bible page (closeup)

4  St. Francis’ Rule Approved  Giotto ( ?)  Tempera (egg yolk mixed with pigment) on wood and ground gold  Questions  Glowing head?  Realistic?  Depth perception? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

5  The Epiphany  Giotto  1320  Tempera on wood and ground gold.  Questions  Glowing head?  Depth? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

6  The Crucifixion  Giotto (1305)  Tempera on wood and ground gold.  Questions  Realism?  Glowing heads?  Depth? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

7 Characteristics of Italian Renaissance Art   1. Bright colors & oil paints (change in material used)   2. Focus on realism   Natural poses were life-like, realistic (like the GREEKS!)   Showed personality & emotion in the art Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio1427 First nudes since classical times

8 3.Perspective (Della Pittura – Alberti)  Use of perspective (horizon line, (horizon line, vanishing point) vanishing point)  Shadowing created illusion of depth illusion of depth  Made items in background smaller background smaller

9 Lamentation Over the Dead Christ, Andre Mantegna (1481) Notes …Realistic? …Perspective?

10 Perspective!Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael1504

11 Compare & Contrast Perspective

12 4. Classicism Obvious Greco-Roman influence Individualism (free standing figures) Symmetry/Balance Statue of Habacuc Donatello ( )

13 School of Athens - Raphael

14 5. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Duchess of Urbino (Piero della Francesca, )

15 6. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci (1469) The figure as architecture!

16 Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507

17 Where was the Renaissance taking place?

18

19 Lorenzo the Magnificent Grandson of Cosimo Ruled Florence, 1469 to death Patron to Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli Cosimo de Medici Medici bank = base of power Took over Florence, 1433 Patron to Brunelleschi, others

20 Adoration of the Magi Entire Medici family shown Who are the “magi”? Who is in far right, looking at viewers?

21 Brunelleschi’s Dome

22 Filippo Brunelleschi Architect, sponsored by Cosimo Medici Won contest to design the dome of St. Maria del Fiore (cathedral)

23 Filippo Brunelleschi ( ) Won competition to design dome for new Cathedral in Florence Won competition to design dome for new Cathedral in Florence Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts Parthenon, in Rome Parthenon, in Rome Used ribs to support dome Used ribs to support dome

24 Brunelleschi – Architect Built lightweight inner dome, then exterior dome of wind resistant material Dimensions: 137 feet across Weight: 40,785 tons containing over four million bricks Time to construct: 16 years

25 Dome Comparisons Il DuomoSt. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome)(London) (Washington) Il DuomoSt. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome)(London) (Washington)

26 Renaissance Religious Themes Madonna and Child

27 Madonna and Child, Fra Filippo Lippi Emotion of face -she looks like a real mother - tired, worn down

28 School of Athens-Raphael Painting of Plato’s Academy, w/ many ancient scholars shown Painting of Plato’s Academy, w/ many ancient scholars shown Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Raphael on extreme right Raphael on extreme right Figures grouped and placed on purpose Figures grouped and placed on purpose

29 Aristotle: pointing to the earth [the here and now]. Plato: pointing to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens – Raphael, details

30 \ Euclid Socrates Details, School of Athens

31 Michelangelo Raphael

32 Leonardo da Vinci “Study of Hands” “Study of the Gradations of shadows” “Self portrait”

33 Helicopter Parachute “Vitruvian Man” Notebook page (written backwards!)

34 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook Machine gun Tank Helicopter

35 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

36 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): from his Notebook

37 Mona Lisa Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini “Mona” - Italian version of ‘Madonna’ or ‘my lady ’

38 A Macaroni Mona

39 Mona Lisa – da Vinci,

40 A Picasso Mona

41 An Andy Warhol Mona

42 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

43  Original, now The Last Supper What original might have looked like 

44 horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498

45 A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

46 Michelangelo

47 The Pieta

48 David

49  15c 16c  What a difference a century makes!

50 The Sistine Chapel

51 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

52 The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man

53 The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment

54 The End


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