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The 1920s I.“Roaring” A.Business B.Fun & Heroes C.Women II.Politics Prohibition & Scandal III.“Other” Side A.Farmers B.Teaching Evolution C.Nativism Key.

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Presentation on theme: "The 1920s I.“Roaring” A.Business B.Fun & Heroes C.Women II.Politics Prohibition & Scandal III.“Other” Side A.Farmers B.Teaching Evolution C.Nativism Key."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The 1920s I.“Roaring” A.Business B.Fun & Heroes C.Women II.Politics Prohibition & Scandal III.“Other” Side A.Farmers B.Teaching Evolution C.Nativism Key Terms Charles Lindbergh “Flapper” Teapot Dome McNary/Haugen Scopes Trial National Origins Act KKK

3 Announcements: Extra Credit Friday 3/5 at 7:30: Otis Murphy (Classical Saxophonist) at Ludington Center for the Arts Gypsy: March 12, 13; 19, 20 at 7:30; March 14 & 21 at 2:00 at Manistee’s Ramsdell Theater WSCC students will be admitted free if they make reservations at the WSCC Box Office M-F 8-12:00 or leave a message at To do: Attend the event & write a summary (one page, single-spaced, typed, 350 word) Up to five points can be added to your discussion grade by attending the event & writing about it

4 US Economy Prospered Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Economic Expansion ( ) Stock Market ( ) US economy was very “Consumer- Oriented”

5 Consumer-Oriented Economy: Radio 14 million American families owned radios by 1930 Advertisement for RCA Victor Radio Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

6 Consumer-Oriented Economy: Autos 60% of US families owned a car by 1930 Ford’s Model T was dominant up to mid 1920s –Cost in 1908: $850 –Cost in 1916: $360 Ford’s Assembly Line at Highland Park, 1928 Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

7 Consumer-Oriented Economy: Autos Credit was available Ended isolation & TRANSFORMED dating patterns Ford Advertisement Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

8 July 4 At Nantasket Beach, Massachusetts (Early 1920s) Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

9 Impact Of This Consumer Economy Indebtedness increased A sense of sameness & conformity developed Environmental impact Consumer Borrowing In The 1920s

10 Fun & Heroes Louis Armstrong Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Babe Ruth Rudolph Valentino

11 Fun & Heroes Flew alone from New York to Paris in 1927 Became an important symbol: –US individuality combined with technology can accomplish anything! Charles Lindbergh ( ) Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

12 Political cartoon laments the change in social values (1927)

13 Women’s Roles Bobbed hair, a short skirt, & cigarette Jazz music & danced the Charleston Drank alcohol & openly discussed sex Life Magazine Cover July 4, 1926 Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Flapper

14 Women’s Roles/Music & Generation Gap A “Generation Gap” seemed to be developing between parents & their children “Blues” by Archibald Motley, 1929 Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

15 Prohibition ( ) 18 th Amendment: “the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors…is hereby prohibited.” Dumping Barrels of Alcohol

16 Prohibition: Consumption Did Drop

17 Michigan & Prohibition As much as 27% of the annual budget to enforce Prohibition nationally was spent in the state of Michigan alone

18 Harding Administration Scandals Albert Fall = Secretary of Interior –Allowed oil companies to drill on lands in California & Teapot Dome, WY –He received “loans” (bribes) in return Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Teapot Dome Window Hanger

19 President Warren Harding ( ) Died of a heart attack Harding With His Dog Laddie Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Enjoyed poker parties & good liquor Plagued by scandal

20 1920s Politics Calvin Coolidge became President following Harding’s death Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Coolidge Cartoon

21 US Farmers prospered during WWI….but not after the war Corn$.70/bushel$1.52/bushel Cotton$.12/lb.$.29/lb.

22 Farmers’ Problems Between total farm income fell from $10 billion to $4 billion Many looked to the government for help

23 McNary-Haugen: A Possible Solution 1.US government would purchase surplus crops 2.Excess products would then be sold on the world market 3.Passed by Congress in 1927 & 1928 Vetoed Twice By Coolidge

24 Scopes Trial (1925) State of Tennessee outlawed teaching of evolution in schools John Scopes violated the law & went on trial; gained national attention Scopes was convicted Clarence Darrow & William Jennings Bryan

25 Rise Of Nativism Americans were concerned about all things foreign; –Legacy of WWI –Influenza epidemic killed 50 million world- wide & at least 550,000 in US

26 Death Rate From Influenza & Pneumonia ( ) Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

27 Rise Of Nativism Americans were concerned about all things foreign; –Legacy of WWI –Influenza epidemic killed 50 million world- wide & at least 550,000 in US –Restrictive immigration laws –Rise of Ku Klux Klan

28 National Origins Act (1924) Established a “quota system” whereby immigration would be limited Impacted immigrants from Southern & Eastern Europe the most Virtually ended immigration from Asia Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Supporters of Immigration Changes Wrote Songs

29 Re-Emergence Of The KKK Re-emerged in 1920s: 2-5 million members in US Motto = 100% Americanism –Anti-black, anti-Jewish, anti-Catholic, anti- foreigner In Michigan, it was strongest in Detroit & Flint Image Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. KKK Pamphlet “America For Americans”

30 KKK In Owasso, MI

31 The 1920s I.“Roaring” A.Business B.Fun & Heroes C.Women II.Politics Prohibition & Scandal III.“Other” Side A.Farmers B.Teaching Evolution C.Nativism Key Terms Charles Lindbergh “Flapper” Teapot Dome McNary/Haugen Scopes Trial National Origins Act KKK


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