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Inheritance in collections Week 16 3.0. Main concepts to be covered Inheritance in ArrayList objects Subtyping Substitution.

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Presentation on theme: "Inheritance in collections Week 16 3.0. Main concepts to be covered Inheritance in ArrayList objects Subtyping Substitution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inheritance in collections Week

2 Main concepts to be covered Inheritance in ArrayList objects Subtyping Substitution

3 The DoME example "Database of Multimedia Entertainment" stores details about CDs and DVDs –CD: title, artist, # tracks, playing time, got- it, comment –DVD: title, director, playing time, got-it, comment allows details of items to be printed

4 DoME objects

5 DoME classes top half shows fields bottom half shows methods

6 DoME object model

7 Class diagram

8 public class Database{ private ArrayList cds ; private ArrayList dvds ; public Database() { cds = new ArrayList (); dvds = new ArrayList (); } public void addCD(CD theCD) { cds.add(theCD); } public void addDVD(DVD theDVD) { dvds.add(theDVD); } Database source code

9 public void list() { for(CD cd : cds) { cd.print(); System.out.println(); } for(DVD dvd : dvds) { dvd.print(); System.out.println(); } Database source code

10 Critique of DoME code duplication in CD and DVD classes also code duplication in Database class –makes maintenance difficult/more work –introduces danger of bugs through incorrect maintenance

11 Using inheritance

12 private ArrayList items; public Database() { items = new ArrayList (); } Old New Database source code private ArrayList cds; private ArrayList dvds; public Database() { cds = new ArrayList (); dvds = new ArrayList (); }

13 public void addItem(Item theItem) { items.add(theItem); } Old New Database source code public void addCD(CD theCD) { cds.add(theCD); } public void addDVD(DVD theDVD) { dvds.add(theDVD); }

14 public void list() { for(Item item : items) { item.print(); System.out.println(); } Old New Database source code public void list() { for(CD cd : cds) { cd.print(); System.out.println(); } for(DVD dvd : dvds) { dvd.print(); System.out.println(); }

15 Subtyping First, we had: public void addCD(CD theCD) public void add DVD ( DVD the DVD ) Now, we have: public void addItem(Item theItem) We call this method with either a CD object or a DVD object as a parameter

16 Subclasses and subtyping Classes define types. Subclasses define subtypes. Objects of subclasses can be used where objects of supertypes are required. (This is called substitution.)

17 Subtyping and assignment Vehicle v1 = new Vehicle();Vehicle v2 = new Car();Vehicle v3 = new Bicycle(); subclass objects may be assigned to superclass variables

18 Subtyping and parameter passing public class Database { public void addItem(Item theItem) {... } DVD dvd = new DVD(...); CD cd = new CD(...); database.addItem(dvd); database.addItem(cd); subclass objects may be passed to superclass parameters

19 Object diagram

20 Class diagram

21 Review Inheritance can be used in collections Variables can hold subtype objects Subtypes can be used wherever supertype objects are expected (substitution)


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