3History of the Hagia Sophia After the Nika Rebellion Justinian undertook to rebuild Constantinople.Built in only 5 years ( )Its beauty became renowned - as the sun crossed the sky, spokes of light spun slowly across the Cathedral’s walls, columns, arches, 7 glittering mosaicsEverywhere there was polished marble in 6 colors - green, black, red, purple, blue, whiteAfter the sun set a huge candelabrum, hanging on long chains, blazed to life.
5Architecture Like all Byzantine churches - very plain on the outside. -Plain brick and mortar - symbol of earthly life and daily world.-Rich interior - symbol of ideal of spiritual universe.Dome feet above the floor, diameter 107 feet & at its circumference it has 40 stain glassed windows.Dual nature - East meets West.Size and strength - thick pillars and huge enclosed space= reminders of Rome.- Design & decoration - intricate and ornate = Eastern Influences
9Architects and Influence 2 distinguished architects - Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of Miletus solved a major design problem building the “pendentive”The style spread far and wide(Armenia, Southern Italy, Russia, Serbia and Sicily)When Constantinople fell to the Islamic Turks, Hagia Sophia became a mosque.Today it is a museum - and still one of the greatest buildings ever built.
10"Solomon I have surpassed thee" Justinian offering Hagia Sophia & Constantine offering Solomon’s Temple to Virgin Mary