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Announcements Exam Weds. March 7, review March 5, here, 5 PM Pinatubo video worksheets on the table -- if you missed the video without an authorized excuse,

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Presentation on theme: "Announcements Exam Weds. March 7, review March 5, here, 5 PM Pinatubo video worksheets on the table -- if you missed the video without an authorized excuse,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Announcements Exam Weds. March 7, review March 5, here, 5 PM Pinatubo video worksheets on the table -- if you missed the video without an authorized excuse, you can try Cline library media services; I don’t know if they have it (In the Path of a Killer Volcano)

2 Today What are different kinds of volcanoes? What makes a volcano likely (or not) to pose a significant hazard?

3 A quick review question (more later) (Level of one of the May, 1980, lahars on the Muddy River, WA) (clickers please)

4 What is a difference between a cinder cone and a maar? 1.A cinder cone is rhyolite and a maar is basalt 2.A maar is pyroclastic and a cinder cone is effusive 3.A maar forms when basalt magma runs into groundwater 4.A cinder cone erupts for a few years; a maar erupts for hundreds of years

5 Things we want to keep track of about different kinds of volcanoes… Size (height and diameter) Lifespan (how long they are active) Composition of material they erupt Eruptive products

6 Basalt volcanoes shield Basalt, lava flows, long-lived (a million years or more), up to several hundred meters (several thousand feet) high, km in diameter (e.g., most of the way from Flag to Williams, Flag to Meteor Crater: big)

7 SP Crater, AZ Capulin Volcano, NM cinder cone Basalt “popcorn”, often with one or more lava flows; short-lived (<10 years); 1-2 km diameter (~1 mile), <300 m high (1000’)

8 Ukinrek volcano, AK maar Basaltic, explosive, can have lava flows, active for days, 300 m wide (1000’) hole in the ground

9 Andesitic/dacitic volcanoes Mt Jefferson, OR stratovolcano Fuji-san, Japan

10 Mount St. Helens, April-May, 1980 Spirit Lake

11 June, 1979 April, 1980

12 Debris avalanche Explosion or collapse of volcano’s side: a large part of MSH just fell off. Mt. Shasta, CA “ Within a matter of seconds, perhaps 15 seconds, the whole north side of the summit crater began to move instantaneously... The nature of movement was eerie... The entire mass began to ripple and churn up, without moving laterally. Then the entire north side of the summit began sliding to the north along a deep-seated slide plane. ”

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19 Mt Unzen Japan lava dome Mount St. Helens

20 Soufriere Hills Volcano, Monserrat

21 Pyroclastic eruptions What happens when you shake a can of soda and pop the top? Magma sits in the upper crust (5 km below the surface) and the gas pressure builds hugely Can bust the top off by earthquake (MSH), too much pressure (Mayon, Philippines)

22 Dacitic/rhyolitic volcanoes Crater Lake (Mt Mazama), OR Taupo, New Zealand

23 Clickers, please

24 What kind of volcano is this? 1.Cinder cone 2.Stratovolcano 3.Caldera 4.Maar 5.Dome

25 What kind of volcano is this? 1.Cinder cone 2.Stratovolcano 3.Caldera 4.Maar 5.Dome If your last name starts with A, B, C, D, E, or F, write your and your partner’s names and why you gave the answer you gave

26 What kind of volcano is this? 1.Cinder cone 2.Stratovolcano 3.Caldera 4.Maar 5.Dome

27 What kind of volcano is this? 1.Cinder cone 2.Stratovolcano 3.Caldera 4.Maar 5.Dome Same group (A-F): why did you give the answer you did?

28 What kind of volcano is this? 1.Cinder cone 2.Stratovolcano 3.Caldera 4.Maar 5.Dome (notice 2-lane roadway)


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