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The Italian Renaissance: Art

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance: Art"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance: Art

2 Medieval Painting: Major Styles
Byzantine (iconography) Portrayed people as stiff and expressionless, with blank eyes Flat, two dimensional figures – unrealistic Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all times Focus wasn’t on the individual but rather the celebration of God’ Illuminated Manuscripts Book where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc) Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric lines Created and drawn by monks, priests Illuminated Bible page (closeup)

3 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
St. Francis’ Rule Approved Giotto ? Tempera (egg yolk mixed with pigment) on wood and ground gold. Questions Glowing head? Realistic? Depth perception?

4 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
The Epiphany Giotto 1320 Tempera on wood and ground gold. Questions Glowing head? Depth?

5 Medieval Art: Religious Themes
The Crucifixion Giotto (1305) Tempera on wood and ground gold. Questions Realism? Glowing heads? Depth?

6 Characteristics of Italian Renaissance Art
1. Bright colors & oil paints 2. Concentrated on realism Natural poses were life-like, realistic – like the GREEKS!!! Showed personality & emotion Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times

7 (Della Pittura – Alberti)
Perspective (Della Pittura – Alberti) • Use of perspective • Shadowing created illusion of depth • Made distant items smaller

8 The Dead Christ, Andre Mantegna (1501)

9 Betrothal of the Virgin
Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael 1504

10 Compare & Contrast Perspective

11 The “Classical Pose” Medici “Venus” (1c)
4. Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism & Humanism. Individualism  free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The “Classical Pose” Medici “Venus” (1c)

12 5. Emphasis on Individualism
Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Duchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca,

13 6. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures
The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture!

14 Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507

15 Where was the Renaissance taking place?

16 Renaissance Florence

17 Lorenzo the Magnificent
Cosimo de Medici

18 Adoration of the Magi Whole Medici family in picture Botticelli on far right looking at viewers

19 Florence Under the Medici
The Medici Palace Medici Chapel

20 Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436
Architect Hired to design the dome of St. Maria del Fiore (cathedral)

21 Filippo Brunelleschi Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts
Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome Used ribs to support dome

22 Brunelleschi – Architect
Built lightweight inner dome, then exterior dome of wind resistant material Dimensions: 137 feet across Weight: 40,785 tons containing over four million bricks Time to construct: 16 years

23 Brunelleschi’s Dome

24 Dome Comparisons Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)

25 Renaissance Religious Themes
Madonna and Child

26 Madonna and Child, Fra Filippo Lippi Emotion of face -she looks like a real mother - tired, worn down

27 School of Athens - Raphael

28 The School of Athens – Raphael, details
Plato: pointing to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. Aristotle: pointing to the earth [the here and now].

29 Details, School of Athens
Michelangelo Details, School of Athens Raphael

30 Euclid- Features of Bramante
\ Socrates Details, School of Athens

31 School of Athens-Raphael
Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Metaphysical philosophers on Plato’s side Physical scientists on Aristotle’s side Raphael on extreme right Figures grouped and placed on purpose

32 “Study of the Gradations
Leonardo da Vinci “Self portrait” “Study of Hands” “Study of the Gradations of shadows”

33 Parachute “Vitruvian Man” Notebook page (written backwards!) Helicopter

34 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his
Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

35 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): from his Notebook

36 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook
Machine gun Tank Helicopter

37 Mona Lisa Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini “Mona” - Italian version of ‘Madonna’ or ‘my lady’

38 A Macaroni Mona

39 Mona Lisa – da Vinci, ?

40 A Picasso Mona

41 An Andy Warhol Mona

42 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

43 The Last Supper  Original Now What original might have looked like 

44 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498
vertical horizontal Perspective!

45 A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

46 Michelangelo

47 The Pieta

48 David

49 What a difference a century makes!

50 The Sistine Chapel

51 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

52 The Sistine Chapel Details
Creation of Man

53 The Sistine Chapel Details
The Last Judgment

54 The End

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