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The Italian Renaissance: Art. Medieval Painting: Major Styles Byzantine (iconography) Byzantine (iconography) Portrayed people as stiff and expressionless,

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Renaissance: Art. Medieval Painting: Major Styles Byzantine (iconography) Byzantine (iconography) Portrayed people as stiff and expressionless,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Renaissance: Art

2 Medieval Painting: Major Styles Byzantine (iconography) Byzantine (iconography) Portrayed people as stiff and expressionless, with blank eyes Portrayed people as stiff and expressionless, with blank eyes Flat, two dimensional figures – unrealistic Flat, two dimensional figures – unrealistic Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all times Human body was considered sinful; it had to be covered at all times Focus wasn’t on the individual but rather the celebration of God’ Focus wasn’t on the individual but rather the celebration of God’ Illuminated Manuscripts Illuminated Manuscripts Book where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc) Book where text is supplemented by addition of decoration (initial letters, borders, etc) Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric lines Style was based on animal imagery, combined with an intricate interlacing of geometric lines Created and drawn by monks, priests Created and drawn by monks, priests Illuminated Bible page (closeup)

3 ÁSt. Francis’ Rule Approved ÁGiotto Á ? ÁTempera (egg yolk mixed with pigment) on wood and ground gold. ÁQuestions ÁGlowing head? ÁRealistic? ÁDepth perception? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

4  The Epiphany Á Giotto Á 1320 Á Tempera on wood and ground gold. ÁQuestions ÁGlowing head? ÁDepth? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

5 ÁThe Crucifixion ÁGiotto (1305) ÁTempera on wood and ground gold. ÁQuestions ÁRealism? ÁGlowing heads? ÁDepth? Medieval Art: Religious Themes

6 Characteristics of Italian Renaissance Art 1. Bright colors & oil paints 1. Bright colors & oil paints 2. Concentrated on realism 2. Concentrated on realism Natural poses were life-like, realistic – like the GREEKS!!! Natural poses were life-like, realistic – like the GREEKS!!! Showed personality & emotion Showed personality & emotion Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio1427 First nudes since classical times

7 3.Perspective (Della Pittura – Alberti) Use of perspective Use of perspective Shadowing created illusion of depth Made distant items smaller

8 The Dead Christ, Andre Mantegna (1501)

9 Perspective!Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael1504

10 Compare & Contrast Perspective

11 4. Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism & Humanism. Individualism  free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The “Classical Pose” Medici “Venus” (1c)

12 5. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Duchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca,

13 6. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture!

14 Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, 1507

15 Where was the Renaissance taking place?

16

17 Lorenzo the Magnificent Cosimo de Medici

18 Adoration of the Magi Whole Medici family in picture Botticelli on far right looking at viewers

19 Florence Under the Medici Medici Chapel Medici Chapel The Medici Palace

20 Filippo Brunelleschi Architect Hired to design the dome of St. Maria del Fiore (cathedral)

21 Filippo Brunelleschi Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Before starting, he travelled around Italy for inspiration Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts Used the ancient Romans’ architectural concepts He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome Used ribs to support dome Used ribs to support dome

22 Brunelleschi – Architect Built lightweight inner dome, then exterior dome of wind resistant material Dimensions: 137 feet across Weight: 40,785 tons containing over four million bricks Time to construct: 16 years

23 Brunelleschi’s Dome

24 Dome Comparisons Il DuomoSt. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome)(London) (Washington) Il DuomoSt. Peter’s St. Paul’s US Capitol (Florence) (Rome)(London) (Washington)

25 Renaissance Religious Themes Madonna and Child

26 Madonna and Child, Fra Filippo Lippi Emotion of face -she looks like a real mother - tired, worn down

27 School of Athens - Raphael

28 Aristotle: pointing to the earth [the here and now]. Plato: pointing to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens – Raphael, details

29 Michelangelo Details, School of Athens Raphael

30 \ Euclid- Features of Bramante Socrates Details, School of Athens

31 School of Athens-Raphael Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato and Aristotle on either side of center axis Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Plato points skyward to indicate his idealistic worldview Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Aristotle gestures to ground to show his concern with the real world Metaphysical philosophers on Plato’s side Metaphysical philosophers on Plato’s side Physical scientists on Aristotle’s side Physical scientists on Aristotle’s side Raphael on extreme right Raphael on extreme right Figures grouped and placed on purpose Figures grouped and placed on purpose

32 Leonardo da Vinci “Study of Hands” “Study of the Gradations of shadows” “Self portrait”

33 Helicopter Parachute “Vitruvian Man” Notebook page (written backwards!)

34 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

35 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): from his Notebook

36 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook Machine gun Tank Helicopter

37 Mona Lisa Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherandini “Mona” - Italian version of ‘Madonna’ or ‘my lady ’

38 A Macaroni Mona

39 Mona Lisa – da Vinci,

40 A Picasso Mona

41 An Andy Warhol Mona

42 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

43  Original Now The Last Supper What original might have looked like 

44 horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498

45 A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

46 Michelangelo

47 The Pieta

48 David

49  15c 16c  What a difference a century makes!

50 The Sistine Chapel

51 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

52 The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man

53 The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment

54 The End


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