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The Pantheon PowerPoint: beyond the basics Hyperlink exercise

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Presentation on theme: "The Pantheon PowerPoint: beyond the basics Hyperlink exercise"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Pantheon PowerPoint: beyond the basics Hyperlink exercise
Adam Warren University of Southampton Centre for Learning and Teaching

2 Table of Contents The Pantheon in Rome the inscription on the pediment
the interior the dome detail Pantheon – history and design

3 The Pantheon in Rome

4 Pantheon inscription back
The inscription reads M.AGRIPPA.L.F.COS.TERTIUM.FECIT, meaning "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Consul for the third time, built this." In fact, Agrippa's Pantheon was destroyed by fire in 80 AD, and the Pantheon was completely rebuilt in about 125 AD, during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian, as date-stamps on the bricks reveal. Presumably some or all of the facade, including the inscription, survived from the old Pantheon. back

5 Pantheon interior The Pantheon is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to all the gods of the Roman state religion, but has been a Christian church since the 7th century AD. It is the only building from the Greco-Roman world which is completely intact and which has been in continuous use throughout its history.

6 Pantheon dome Once the Romans learned to use concrete, they were able to mould on the ground their rounded tops for their buildings and hoist them into place on top of a rotunda. The Pantheon is just such a structure with an opening at the centre top of the dome. Because this opening is not covered, the floor is slightly concave with a drain at the centre so as to catch the rain when necessary. The dome has a span of 43.2 m, the largest dome in the world until Brunelleschi's dome at the Florence Cathedral of

7 Pantheon dome (detail)
Note the advanced construction technique – this shape minimises the weight of the dome while retaining the ribs needed for structural strength. back

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