Presentation on theme: "Renaissance Art Ms. Pugh Some slides have been adapted from other teacher’s PPTs. Special thanks to www.historyteacher. net for some of these slides. www.historyteacher."— Presentation transcript:
Renaissance Art Ms. Pugh Some slides have been adapted from other teacher’s PPTs. Special thanks to www.historyteacher. net for some of these slides. www.historyteacher
What was the Renaissance? Period following the middle ages (1450-1550) “Rebirth” of classical Greece and Rome Began in Italy Moved to northern Europe Rejection of the Middle Age’s emphasis on religion
Renaissance Art Art in the Renaissance was reborn due to the influence of several factors.. Return to the Greeks & Romans Scientific Revolution leads to greater understanding of anatomy and perspective = more realistic paintings. New idea of self and human achievement as new continents were discovered and conquered. Protestant Reformation allowed for individual artists to question traditional teaching.
Characteristics of Renaissance Culture and Art Humanism – glorification of human achievements Individualism – role of individual in society without need to associate with religious or family group
Dome Comparisons Il Duomo St. Peter’s St. Paul’s US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)
Masaccio 1401-1428 First since Giotto to paint the human figure as a real human being. He made figures stand upon their feet. Brought shadows into paintings.
First use of linear perspective! The Trinity Masaccio1427 What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.
Donatello 1386 - 1466 First free standing sculpture since the Classical Era (Greek & Roman) Normally figure has all his weight on one leg (S form).
Botticelli 1444 - 1510 Brings back Classical mythology as acceptable themes in painting.
The High Renaissance Centered in Rome and Venice Focused on composition, ideal proportions, and perspective The most famous were: Leonardo Da Vinci Michelangelo Raphael Titian
Leonardo Da Vinci 1452 - 1519 Renaissance Man Less than 20 of his paintings survive His most famous are the Mona Lisa and Last Supper
Mona Lisa Used chiarascuro to model figures – use of light and dark Three dimensional features No obvious starting and stopping points Perfect blending The smile
The Last Supper First to try to show in art the character of each apostle. Used geometric perspective Used oil/tempera for fresco – not a good idea During WWII wet sandbags sat in front of it leading to massive mildew Is being restored
horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498
Michelangelo 1475 – 1564 Commissioned by the Medici Family of Florence Considered himself first a sculpture Excelled in painting and architecture