Presentation on theme: "Renaissance Art paintings, sketches, architecture, sculpture, and literature."— Presentation transcript:
Renaissance Art paintings, sketches, architecture, sculpture, and literature
The Beginning of Modern Painting – Four Major Changes Oil on stretched canvas – this technique allowed painters to show textures and three dimensional forms more accurately. Perspective – Linear perspective used the vanishing point. (All lines appear to converge at one point.) It gives a painting depth. One trick used to accomplish this was blurring details as the object appeared further away.
The Beginning of Modern Painting – Four Major Changes The Use of Light and Shadow – Using chiaroscuro (it means light/dark in Italian) artists could show more rounded shapes in painting. Pyramid Configuration – The focus of the painting in a chosen point. It is where the painting reaches a climax.
Raphael ( ) “School of Athens” This painting is an excellent example of linear perspective. You can see the depth. It depicts an imaginary gathering of Greek philosophers
Compare Medieval and Renaissance Perspective Notice how the people seem to be stacked on top of each other Raphael’s fresco has more depth
“School of Athens” - Called to Rome by the Pope, Raphael finished painting rooms in the Vatican with the help of 50 students! -Some say that Raphael was very egotistical to include himself in the front of the painting!
Botticelli ( ) “Birth Of Venus” Botticelli borrowed his subject matter from classic Roman mythology. Some lines and angles give the painting perspective. What details give the painting movement?
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519) “Mona Lisa” The painting exhibits perspective. All lines are drawn to a point behind Mona Lisa’s head. Excellent use of chiaroscuro. Colors blend into one another without outlines. Her hands are very realistic. Da Vinci dissected over 30 cadavers and studied many skeletons to perfect his talents. Her real name was Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo. She was the wife of a wealthy merchant. Married at 16, she was 24 in this painting and the mother of 2 sons. The painting became famous in 1911 when it appeared in newspapers world wide after it was stolen. It used to hang in Napoleon’s bedroom. When it visited Tokyo, viewers were allowed ten seconds to see it. It caused traffic jams in New York when 1.6 million people viewed it over seven weeks.
Self- Portrait? Some theorists believe that the Mona Lisa is actually a self portrait of DaVinci himself What do you think?
Da Vinci – Muscles of neck and shoulders Leonardo was very interested in anatomy. His paintings looked realistic because he knew how all of the body’s muscles worked and moved.
Human Skeleton – These sketches were done at a time when dissection was completely illegal !
Baby in Womb - His sketches of the growth of the fetus in the womb were so accurate they could be used to teach medical students today.
Da Vinci’s Flying Machine Sketches
Da Vinci - The Last Supper (1498) The scene represents the final days of Jesus Excellent example of linear perspective. Note the angles, horizon line, and shading. Restoration projects began as early as the 16 th century. Perhaps the faces no longer resemble the original.
Last Supper – Close ups
Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) “Last Judgement” Located in the Sistine Chapel, where he painted the ceiling years earlier, its mood is gloomy. This religious fresco depicts the end of the world. Over 400 figures are either ascending into heaven or falling into hell. Jesus is centrally located and surrounded by saints. The chapel is the location of the conclave, where cardinals meet to elect each new pope.
St. Peter St. Bartholomew St. John
In his paintings, Michelangelo often used bodies rather than faces to express emotion. Biagio, the pope’s assistant who criticized Michelangelo’s work for its nudity, is pictured on the bottom right with a serpent and donkey ears.
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel Ceiling Located more than 60 feet above the floor! At the center of the ceiling you can see the nine frescoes that illustrate the Biblical stories of the Creation, Noah, Adam & Eve. Nearly all the work is his. He only allowed his assistants to prepare his paint, plaster, and work on minor details. It took 4 years to complete. How did they reach the ceiling?
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Creation of Adam – close up
Van Eyck (1390 – 1441) “Arnolfini Wedding” Van Eyck is considered the father of oil painting. He was so idolized for his discovery that his right arm was preserved as a holy relic. Known as a master of realism and showed incredible detail. You can see details such as fur and the stubble on some subjects’ chins. Textures become very realistic due to oil paint. Objects often symbolized important themes. In this painting the dog represents fidelity and the lit candle represents the Holy Spirit. The whole painting can be seen in miniature on the mirror on the wall.
Brunelleschi (1377 – 1446) Duomo of Florence Known as the father of modern engineering. Brunelleschi won a competition to earn the privilege of designing the dome. He went to Rome and took measurements of the ancient Pantheon in order to design and build his dome. It is made of two shells leaning against each other and held together by the lantern on the top. Everyone thought it would collapse. The ball on top was positioned by a machine designed by da Vinci.
Roman Pantheon 128 A.D. Duomo of Florence 1434 A.D. The Pantheon was the world’s largest dome for over 1300 years!
Duomo of Florence The dome took 16 years to build. It remains the largest brick dome in the world.
A Visit to the Duomo of Florence Florence from the top of the Duomo Video from Duomo Bell Tower Bell ringing from Duomo’s Tower
The Superdome New New Orleans, Louisiana Saints Football Arena Largest Fixed Dome Structure in the World
Capacity is nearly 80,000 people!
Vatican City, Rome Michelangelo copied Brunelleschi’s design for this dome over 100 years later. Tens of thousands of people crowded St. Peter's Square at the Vatican for a Sunday morning Mass honoring Pope John Paul II, who died in 2005.
Andrea Palladio ( ) Villa Barbaro Well known for making villas and palaces. Strong Greek and Roman influence. You can see the columns and arches. Buildings were usually symmetrical. (Same distances on each side.)
Neoclassical Architecture Neoclassical, or "new" classical, architecture describes buildings that are inspired by the classical architecture of ancient Greece and Rome. …in America!
The U.S. Capitol Building Why do you think American government buildings borrow ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome?
Bernini (1598 – 1680) St. Theresa supposedly heard voices from angels. She believed herself to be pierced by an angel’s dart with God’s love. Bernini was known for capturing action in his sculptures. The whole sculpture seems alive and moving. He served 8 popes, therefore much of his work is religious in nature
Michelangelo (1504) Donatello (1425) Bernini (1623) Contrapposto - when a figure stands with one leg holding its full weight and the other leg relaxed Compare & Contrast all three
Michelangelo’s David The statue is over 13 feet tall It is carved out of a single piece of marble. It depicts the Bible story of David just before he slays Goliath It was displayed in front of city hall in Florence (a nude statue!) The hand was broken off accidentally by construction workers when it was moved to a museum indoors.
David by Michelangelo Workers clean and repair the statue Note the immense size of the statue compared to the worker.
Shakespeare ( ) He is recognized as the greatest English writer. Wrote tragedies, comedies, histories, romances, and sonnets. Characters he created were often loved or hated because they were flawed (imperfect). To be, or not to be: that is the question Plays: Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, King Lear, Julius Caesar and many more!
Globe Theater (1599) The original burned down in 1613 due to a cannon shot used as a prop during a performance Archaeologists located the original foundation in 1989 and it was rebuilt shortly thereafter. Located in London, England