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1 Architectural History Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Architectural History Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Architectural History Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture

2 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture2 Objectives Outline the background affecting the period. Isolate elements associated with Byzantine architecture. Identify famous Byzantine buildings. Recognize key terms from Byzantine architecture.

3 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture3 Early Byzantine Architecture Background Western Empire in ruin Rome twice sacked Italy in hands of Ostrogoths Justinian Re-conquers Western Empire Launches era of Byzantine architecture Establishes Constantinople as center of political and architectural renewal

4 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture4 Early Byzantine Architecture Architectural Factors Central-Plan Structure Square central core Squared pier forms Pendentive Dome Lighting and Decoration Transcendental effect No visible surface left in a natural state

5 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture5 Early Byzantine Architecture Architectural Examples Hagia Sophia Saint Vitale, Ravenna Saint Marco, Venice

6 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture6 Hagia Sophia © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

7 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture7 Saint Vitale, Ravenna © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

8 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture8 Saint Marco,Venice © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

9 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture9 Middle Byzantine Architecture Background Renaissance (842 – 1204) Follows period of the Dark Ages ( ) Culminated in Icoloclasm Empire reduced from Justinian’s rule Relatively stabilized Reached a peak in a flowering of the arts

10 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture10 Middle Byzantine Architecture Architectural Plans Cross-in-square Domed central core Radiating cross-arms Barrel-valued Vaulted corner units Octogon-domed Triple-domed Douple-apsed outer narthex Inner narthex with a single dome Barrel-vaulted aisles

11 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture11 Middle Byzantine Architecture Architectural Plans (continued) Cross-octagon Begins as a cube Transformed through squinches Becomes an octogan, cupola, and a cross Interpenetrates a secondary belt of structure Architectural Examples Bodrum Camii (the Myrelaion) Theotokos Churches, Hosios Loukas

12 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture12 Bodrum Camii (the Myrelaion) © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

13 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture13 Theotokos Churches, Hosios Loukas © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

14 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture14 Late Byzantine Architecture Background Period between Paleologian dynasty rule Diminishing Empire Retains a surprising artistic creativity Architectural Factors Architectural system pushed to the limit Lacked balance and harmony Excessive and manneristic

15 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture15 Late Byzantine Architecture Architectural Examples Pantanassa Parigoritissa at Arta Church at Gracanica

16 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture16 Pantanassa © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

17 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture17 Parigoritissa © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

18 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture18 Church at Gracanica © Frim. srl Milano (http://www.thais.it)

19 Architectural History: Byzantine Architecture19 Vocabulary Review Apse Basilica Cross-in-square Cross-octogon Cupola Domed basilica Fresco Half-dome Icon Iconastasis Mosaic Narthex Nave Octogon-domed Pantokrator Pendentive dome Piers Sanctuary Squinch Vault


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