Presentation on theme: "Early Islamic Art Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages."— Presentation transcript:
Early Islamic Art Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages
Mosque Features Sahn: enclosed courtyard Quibla: prayer wall oriented toward Mecca Mihrab: niche set into the prayer wall Minbar: a pulpit from which the imam (teacher) leads the faithful
Muhammed Born 570 ACE in Mecca Fled to Medina in 622 ACE Returned to Mecca to turn the Qa’aba from a pagan shrine to an Islamic one. Religious monotheism Islam ( submission to God). Rejected the Trinity of Christianity (Father, Son, Holy Ghost)
Five Pillars of Islam Recitation of the Muslim act of faith that there is one God and that Muhammad is God’s messenger The obligation to pray five times a day in a direction that points to the Qa’aba in Mecca. Added obligation to participate in Friday prayers as a community and hear a sermon To donate a portion of the surplus of one’s wealth to charity To fast during the holy month of Ramadan- total abstinence of all food and drink from sunrise to sunset. To make a pilgrimage to Mecca (called the Haj) at least once in a lifetime.
Qur’an Qur’an ( Arabic for “recitation”) Written Arabic text of the recitations of Muhammad’s teachings put together a generation after his death It is as long as the New Testament of the Bible Authoritative commentators on the Qur’an and the explication of certain oral traditions about the Prophet and the early Islamic community constitute a body of literature called Hadith. Developed a legal code that is used for adopting Islamic for its government.
Earliest Sanctuary, Dome of the Rock
Great Mosque at Samarra
Arches that enabled the roof to Cover the most floor space at the Time. The dome in front of the Mihrab
Mihrab was reserved for the Caliph.
"/ Hall of the Two Sisters, Alhambra, , Granada, Spain.
Sinan, Mosque of Selim II, , Edirne, Turkey
Mosque dome of Selim II
Mosque of Suleyman by Sinan the Great 1550
Islamic Calligraphy Writing is the most honored art in Islam Adorns books, buildings, ceramics, textiles, and metal works. Kufic style was abstract linear rhythms.
Sultan tugra Islamic calligraphy
Tile work with calligraphy from a mosque in Tunisia
ac Luftallah Mosque Iran
Translation of text woven into carpet: 'Except for thy threshold, there is no refuge for me in all the world. Except for this door there is no resting-place for my head. The work of the slave of the portal, Maqsud Kashani.' Oldest known carpet
"Pandj Gandj", Amir Khosroe Dehlavi Tabriz School 16th Century At Shirin's Reception Attributed to Agha Mirak of Tabriz School source:http://www.art-arena.com/
Multiple choice 1.Persian manuscripts are unusual in Islamic art because they A.Have great emotional range B.Resist the ban on images C.Incorporate arabesques into their work D.Use a painterly brushstroke
2. Minarets are used to A.Balance architectural members B.Display calligraphy C.Direct people’s attention to Mecca D.Call people to prayer
3. The Dome of the Rock marks the site where A.Jesus was born B.The Koran was written C.Muhammad was born D.Muhammad ascended to heaven
4. This building is located in A.Jerusalem B.Cordoba C.Granada D.Turkey
5. Like some other Islamic mosques this building A.Has many windows B.Has a wooden dome C.Is centrally planned D.Has a hypostyle hall
6.Although it cannot be seem in this photo, this mosque must have A.A mihrab B.Mythical beasts C.A bell tower D.A frieze
7. The highest calling for an Islamic artist is to be A.A calligrapher B.A painter C.A sculptor D.An architect
8. The Mosque of Selim II was inspired by A.Santa Constanza B.The Hagia Sophia C.San Vitale D.The Dome of the Rock
9. The Alhambra was a A.Mosque B.Palace C.Shrine D.frieze
10. Arabesques are based on A.Calligraphy B.Geometric patterns C.Animal motifs D.Floral designs
Short Essay (10 minutes) This is an Islamic work of art. Where in the Islamic world does this painting come from? What characteristics place it within this culture?