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Early Islamic Art Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Islamic Art Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Islamic Art Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages

2 Mosque Features Sahn: enclosed courtyard Quibla: prayer wall oriented toward Mecca Mihrab: niche set into the prayer wall Minbar: a pulpit from which the imam (teacher) leads the faithful

3 Muhammed Born 570 ACE in Mecca Fled to Medina in 622 ACE Returned to Mecca to turn the Qa’aba from a pagan shrine to an Islamic one. Religious monotheism Islam ( submission to God). Rejected the Trinity of Christianity (Father, Son, Holy Ghost)

4 Five Pillars of Islam Recitation of the Muslim act of faith that there is one God and that Muhammad is God’s messenger The obligation to pray five times a day in a direction that points to the Qa’aba in Mecca. Added obligation to participate in Friday prayers as a community and hear a sermon To donate a portion of the surplus of one’s wealth to charity To fast during the holy month of Ramadan- total abstinence of all food and drink from sunrise to sunset. To make a pilgrimage to Mecca (called the Haj) at least once in a lifetime.

5 Qur’an Qur’an ( Arabic for “recitation”) Written Arabic text of the recitations of Muhammad’s teachings put together a generation after his death It is as long as the New Testament of the Bible Authoritative commentators on the Qur’an and the explication of certain oral traditions about the Prophet and the early Islamic community constitute a body of literature called Hadith. Developed a legal code that is used for adopting Islamic for its government.

6 Earliest Sanctuary, Dome of the Rock

7 Great Mosque at Samarra

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10 Arches that enabled the roof to Cover the most floor space at the Time. The dome in front of the Mihrab

11 Mihrab was reserved for the Caliph.

12 "/ Hall of the Two Sisters, Alhambra, , Granada, Spain.

13 Sinan, Mosque of Selim II, , Edirne, Turkey

14 Mosque dome of Selim II

15 Mosque of Suleyman by Sinan the Great 1550

16 Islamic Calligraphy Writing is the most honored art in Islam Adorns books, buildings, ceramics, textiles, and metal works. Kufic style was abstract linear rhythms.

17 Sultan tugra Islamic calligraphy

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19 Tile work with calligraphy from a mosque in Tunisia

20 ac Luftallah Mosque Iran

21 Translation of text woven into carpet: 'Except for thy threshold, there is no refuge for me in all the world. Except for this door there is no resting-place for my head. The work of the slave of the portal, Maqsud Kashani.' Oldest known carpet

22 "Pandj Gandj", Amir Khosroe Dehlavi Tabriz School 16th Century At Shirin's Reception Attributed to Agha Mirak of Tabriz School source:http://www.art-arena.com/

23 Vocabulary Arabesque Calligraphy Jali Koran Mecca, Medina Mihrab Minaret Minbar Mosque Muhammad( ) Muqarnas Qiblah Tessellation

24 Multiple choice 1.Persian manuscripts are unusual in Islamic art because they A.Have great emotional range B.Resist the ban on images C.Incorporate arabesques into their work D.Use a painterly brushstroke

25 2. Minarets are used to A.Balance architectural members B.Display calligraphy C.Direct people’s attention to Mecca D.Call people to prayer

26 3. The Dome of the Rock marks the site where A.Jesus was born B.The Koran was written C.Muhammad was born D.Muhammad ascended to heaven

27 4. This building is located in A.Jerusalem B.Cordoba C.Granada D.Turkey

28 5. Like some other Islamic mosques this building A.Has many windows B.Has a wooden dome C.Is centrally planned D.Has a hypostyle hall

29 6.Although it cannot be seem in this photo, this mosque must have A.A mihrab B.Mythical beasts C.A bell tower D.A frieze

30 7. The highest calling for an Islamic artist is to be A.A calligrapher B.A painter C.A sculptor D.An architect

31 8. The Mosque of Selim II was inspired by A.Santa Constanza B.The Hagia Sophia C.San Vitale D.The Dome of the Rock

32 9. The Alhambra was a A.Mosque B.Palace C.Shrine D.frieze

33 10. Arabesques are based on A.Calligraphy B.Geometric patterns C.Animal motifs D.Floral designs

34 Short Essay (10 minutes) This is an Islamic work of art. Where in the Islamic world does this painting come from? What characteristics place it within this culture?


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