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AP Art History Chapter 13: In Praise of Allah – The Art of the Islamic World.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Art History Chapter 13: In Praise of Allah – The Art of the Islamic World."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Art History Chapter 13: In Praise of Allah – The Art of the Islamic World

2 Chronology: 570-1600 570-700 Birth of Muhammad: ca. 570 Muhammad’s 1 st revelation: 610 Muhammad’s flight to Medina (Hijra): 622 Death of Muhammad in Median: 632 Muslims capture Jerusalem: 638 Muslim conquest of Lower Egypt: 642 Umayyad Caliphate established: 661700-800 Muslim armies enter Spain: 711 Charles Martel defeats Muslims at Poitiers: 732 Abbasid Caliphate established: 750 Umayyad Caliphate established in Spain: 756 Abbasids found Baghdad: 762800-900 Samanid Dynasty estab. in Transoxiana: 819900-1000 Fatimid Dynasty established in Egypt: 909 Fatimids found Cairo: 969 1000-1100 Fall of Umayyad Caliphate in Spain:1031 Seljuk Dynasty estab. In Iran: 1038 First Crusade Captures Jerusalem: 10991100-1200 Saladin founds Ayyubid Dynasty in Egypt: 1171 Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders: 11871200-1300 Sultanate of Delhi estab. 1206 Nasrid Dynasty estab. At Granada: 1230 Mamluk Dynasty estab. In Egypt: 1250 Mongols sack Baghdad: 1258 Ottoman Empire founded: 12811300-1500 Ottomans capture Constantinople: 1453 Fall of Granada to the Christians: 14921500-1600 Safavid Dynasty estab. In Iran: 1501 Mughal Dynasty estab. In India: 1526 Ottomans Capture Baghdad: 1534

3 The Islamic World

4 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem 687-692

5 Detail of Dome of the Rock, Interior

6 Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria 706-715

7 Detail of a mosaic in the Courtyard arcade of the Great Mosque, Damascus

8 Plan of the Umayyad palace, Mshatta, Jordan, ca. 740-750

9 Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, ca. 836-873

10 Plan of the Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia

11 Malwiya minaret of the Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq, 848-852

12 Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, Ubekistan early 10 th century

13 Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 8 th to 10 th centuries Alternate view Exterior View

14 Maqsura of the Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 961-965

15 Dome in the front of the mihrab Of the Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 961-965

16 Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of textile near Bukhara, Ubekistan, 8 th century

17 Sulayman, Ewer in the form of a bird, 796

18 Koran page with beginning of surah 18, al-Kahif (The Cave) 9 th or early 10 th century

19 Muqarnas dome, Hall of the Two Sisters, Alhambra palace, Granada, Spain, 1354-1391

20 Madrasa-mosque-mausoleum complex of Sultan Hassan Cairo, Egypt, begun 1356

21 Mihrab of the Sanctuary Liwan (interior) of Sultan Hassan Mosque

22 Sinan, Mosque of Selim II, Edirne, Turkey, 1568-1575 Sinan, interior of the Mosque of Selim II

23 Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Isfahan, Iran 11 th to 17 th centuries

24 Winter prayer hall of the Shahi (Imam) Mosque, Isfahan, Iran, 1611-1638 Detail

25 Mihrab from the Madrasa Imami, Isfahan, Iran, ca. 1354 Maqsud of Kashan, Carpet from the funerary mosque of Shaykh ali-Din, Ardabil, Iran, 1540

26 Muhammad Ibn ali-Zayn, basin from Egypt, ca. 1300

27 Canteen with episodes of the life of Christ, From Syria, ca. 1240-1250

28 Comparison Section

29 Study the reproductions of the following buildings: Hagia Sophia (Figs. 12-3 to 12-5), The Mosque of Cordoba (Figs. 13-11 to 13-13), and the Pantheon (Fig. 10-48). Compare The lighting effects created by each and describe the means used to achieve such effects. Hagia Sophia (alt. view)Mosque of Cordoba (13-11)Pantheon (alt. view)

30 Compare the treatment of the figures on the Islamic basin shown in Fig. 13-29 with the Roman horseman shown in the Roman relief (Fig. 10-58), the Roman Sarcophagus (Fig. 10-71), and the Byzantine Barberini ivory (Fig. 12-1). What compositional devices does each artist use and how does each organize multiple figures and depict them? Which do you like best? Why? Islamic basin (Fig. 13-29) Roman horsemen (Fig. 10-58) Roman Sarcophagus (Fig. 10-58) Barberini Ivory (Fig. 12-1)

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