Presentation on theme: "Opening Agenda Put your homework in the box. Things you need: –The article (this will be turned back into me) and the handouts off of the table –Your religion."— Presentation transcript:
Opening Agenda Put your homework in the box. Things you need: –The article (this will be turned back into me) and the handouts off of the table –Your religion comparison chart Things to do: –Opener –Reading on Islam –Notes: Mosques and the Dome of the Rock –In class or Homework: DOR Illustration
Opening Quiz Restate the questions. Put on the back of your religion comparision chart 1) In a Buddhist Temple, a pagoda is what? 2) Why is Buddha so important in Buddhism? 3) The Liurong Temple is in what country? 4) How tall is the pagoda on the Liurong Temple? 5) The architecture of the Liurong Temple’s pagoda, if viewed from the outside, is deceptive. Why?
If you forgot your chart…. get your own paper and complete the following : 1) Origins and History 2) Adherents 3) Gods and Universe 4) Human situation and life’s purpose 5) Afterlife 6) Practices 7) Texts (books)
Islam – submission to God Prophet Muhammad Mecca – origin of Islam; most holy city Ramadan – holy month (9 th ) Hegira – Islamic calendar 1500 years
Five Pillars of Islam One god, Allah Pray 5 times a day towards Mecca. Donate wealth to charity. Ramadan – fast sunrise to sunset. Hajj to Mecca, once in a life time
Other interesting facts of Islam No pork or alcohol Male Circumcision Polygamy permitted but not practiced universally Loans are not allowed to carry interest
Qur’an (Koran) Holy text of Islam 114 surahs (chapters) Arabic – language of Islam Arabic Script Kufic -style of writing in Qur’an -decorative, usually on mosques
How does the mosque’s structure serve the Islamic community?
Architecture/Art Exterior/Interior -Allah is beyond all imagining -no paintings/pictures -intricate designs with sacred text -arabesques -decorative motif; organic and geometric
Mosque -place for worship -“place for bowing down” Minarets -slender tower from which the faithful are called to worship Mihrab - Niche in a mosque, indicating the direction in which a Muslim shall perform prayer
Elements of the Mosque Minaret - Tower near a mosque used by the muezzin to call out for people to come to prayer Minaret
Elements of the Mosque Mihrab - Niche in a mosque, indicating the direction in which a Muslim shall perform prayer most holy place in the mosque can be of wood, but is normally made out of masonry, and adorned with pillars highly ornamented Mihrab
Elements of the Mosque Minbar - Pulpit in a mosque, placed next to the mihrab. top of the minbar is restricted to the Prophet, only. place where official proclamations were made. Minbar
Dome of the Rock
This shrine was built in Jerusalem by the 9 th caliph between Built not only to proclaim the supremacy of Islam, but to ensure that new followers of Islam would not be tempted by Christianity. SYMBOLIC STATEMENT! One of the reasons why Jerusalem was chosen as the site for the Dome of the Rock because it is where the prophet Muhammad ascended to Heaven.
Dome of the Rock DOR Site and Jerusalem: –Sacred to Christians Jesus died here –Sacred also to Jews (where Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac) Stands above the believed location of Solomon's Temple and Herod’s Temple
Dome of the Rock Why is it so pretty? –Basic structures: Columns (different sizes), mirhab –Details Full moon decoration on the top (symbolizes crescent moon symbol of Islam Turkish tiles on the top (from the restoration in 50s-60s) and white marble on the bottom. Arabic inscriptions from the Qur’an. –Mathematical rhythm. All dimensions of the center circle are related to the major structures. –For example: each outer wall is 67 ft. long, which is exactly the dome’s diameter and exactly its height from the base of the drum.
Dome of the Rock How is the Dome of the Rock decorated?
Dome of the Rock In the next couple of slides, you will see a variety of images of the Dome of the Rock. As you look at these images, you need to figure out how the Dome of the Rock is decorated. Once you understand how the Dome of the Rock is decorated, you will illustrate the front of this building. In your illustration, you need to incorporate the elements and principles of architecture that are used for the decoration of the temple.