History of the Rock ► The rock which the dome surrounds is considered one of the most holy placeless, not only by Muslims, but Jews and Christians as well. ► Called Haram al-Sharif (the Jewish Temple Mount) it is an outcrop of rocks that Muslims have identified as the place where Muhammad ascended to the presence of God described in chapter 17 of the Koran.
History Continued ► The same Rock is associated with the Creation of Adam and where the Patriarch Abraham was commanded to slaughter his beloved son Isaac. ► In 692 the Dome of the Rock was commissioned for not only religious but also political purposes. Chaliph Abd El-Malik placed the monument on the the Noble Sanctuary, in order to enshrine the sacred rock.