Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Kingdom Animalia In the following section we are going to examine five types of animal form out of the many that exist. The purpose being to compare the.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Kingdom Animalia In the following section we are going to examine five types of animal form out of the many that exist. The purpose being to compare the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kingdom Animalia In the following section we are going to examine five types of animal form out of the many that exist. The purpose being to compare the various major structural features of these five selected models of animals. These will be hydra, earthworm, grasshopper, bony fish, and mammal. You should learn the major features of each of these five examples. Then in the remainder of the course we will examine functional requirements of animals in context of their ecology and compare the structure of these five groups in relation to these functional requirements.

2 The cnidarians (hydras, jellies, sea anemones, and coral animals) have a relatively simple body construction. They are a diverse group with over 10,000 living species, most of which are marine. The basic cnidarian body plan is a sac with a central digestive compartment, the gastrovascular cavity. Phylum Cnidaria: Cnidarians have radial symmetry, a gastrovascular cavity, and cnidocytes Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

3 This basic body plan has two variations: the sessile polyp and the floating medusa. The cylindrical polyps, such as hydras and sea anemones, adhere to the substratum by the aboral end and extend their tentacles, waiting for prey. Medusas (also called jellies) are flattened, mouth-down versions of polyps that move by drifting passively and by contacting their bell-shaped bodies. Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fig Some cnidarian exist only as polyps. Others exist only as medusas. Still others pass sequentially through both a medusa stage and a polyp stage in their life cycle.

4 Cnidarians are carnivores that use tentacles arranged in a ring around the mouth to capture prey and push the food into the gastrovascular chamber for digestion. –Batteries of cnidocytes on the tentacles defend the animal or capture prey. Organelles called cnidae evert a thread that can inject poison into the prey, or stick to or entangle the target. –Cnidae called nematocysts are stinging capsules. Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fig. 33.5

5 Phylum Annelida: Annelids are segmented worms All annelids have segmented bodies. There are about 15,000 species ranging in length from less than 1 mm to 3 m for the giant Australian earthworm. Annelids live in the sea, most freshwater habitats, and damp soil. Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

6 The coelom of the earthworm, a typical annelid, is partitioned by septa, but the digestive tract, longitudinal blood vessels, and nerve cords penetrate the septa and run the animal’s length. Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fig Earth worm (Class Oligocheata)

7 While arachnids and insects thrive on land, most of the 40,000 species of crustaceans remain in marine and freshwater environments. –A few crustaceans are terrestrial or semi-terrestrial. Crustaceans include lobsters, crabs, crayfish, shrimp, and barnacles, among many others. Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fig Phylum Arthropoda

8 In species diversity, insects (class Insecta) outnumber all other forms of life combined. They live in almost every terrestrial habitat and in fresh water, and flying insects fill the air. They are rare, but not absent, from the sea. The study of insect, entomology is a vast field with many subspecialties, including physiology, ecology, and taxonomy. Class Insecta is divided into about 26 orders. Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta

9 Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fig Grasshopper (Class Insecta)


Download ppt "Kingdom Animalia In the following section we are going to examine five types of animal form out of the many that exist. The purpose being to compare the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google