Presentation on theme: "Glorious history of INDIA by: bhumit bhuva by: bhumit bhuva09ee."— Presentation transcript:
Glorious history of INDIA by: bhumit bhuva by: bhumit bhuva09ee
5,000 year old civilization 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 18 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area 7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1,000,000,000 people in 2000
Parliamentary form of Government Secular democratic constitution Worlds largest democracy since 55 years 4 th largest economy Fastest growing IT super power Indian Railways,the biggest employer in the world.
HISTORY OF INDIA
India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded.India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today.Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today.
The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas The first Indian epic
World’s first university in Takshila –700 B.C Sanskrit Language –most suitable for computer software Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans Indus Valley Civilization- one of the world’s first great urban civilizations.
India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.
National Emblem “Truth alone triumphs” The National Emblem of India is derived from the time of the Emperor Ashoka. The emblem is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. The four lions(one hidden from view ) – symbolising power, courage and confidence- rest on a circular abacus.
Pillar of Ashoka This pillar, on display at the museum in Sarnath, India, bears an edict issued by Ashoka, who ruled a vast empire in the Indian subcontinent in the 3rd century BC.
N ATIONAL ANIMAL- Tiger National Bird - Peacock National Flower - Lotus
Great Indian Personalities
Invented the Zero. Aryabhata is the author of several treatises on mathematic and astronomy, some of which are lost. His major work, Aryabhatiyam, a compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian mathematical literature and has survived to modern times. The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry, and spherical trigonometry. Aryabhatta
Father of the nation મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India, on 2 October 1869. His father is Karamchand Gandhi, Gandhi studied law in London, As a lawyer and later as a political activist, he effectively fought discrimination with the principles of truth, nonviolence and courage, which he derived in part from the teachings of Hinduism.
Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda was born in Shimla Pally, Calcutta at 6:33 a.m on Monday, 12 January 1863, during the eve of Makra Sankranti festivaland was given the name Narendranath Datta. His father Vishwanath Datta was an attorney of Calcutta High Court.
Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature Mother Teresa 1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace
45 folk dances 7 Classical Dance forms
Bharata Natyam kathak
India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments Places of historic importance
Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple The Golden Temple
Thousand pillar temple Gateway of India
The Taj Mahal One of the world's most famous structures, the Tāj Mahal was under construction from around 1630 to1650. Shah Jahan built it as a memorial to his wife, who died in childbirth. It is located south of Delhi in Āgra, where the Mughal Empire (1526–1858) built its capital. Construction of this marble mausoleum drew artisans from far and wide, and the edifice attracts numerous admirers today.
Calcutta – City of joy Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth