Presentation on theme: "Street Law: The case of…"— Presentation transcript:
1Street Law: The case of… Table 1: The Lung Cancer DeathTable 2: The Spilled Peanut ButterTable 3: The Steering Wheel FailureTable 4: The Airline ExplosionTable 5: The Expensive Insurance PremiumTable 6: The Nonstop CarEveryone Completes: The School Slip and FallBe ready to discuss your case with the class.
5Strict liabilityApplies when a defendant is engaged in an activity so dangerous that there is a serious risk of harm even if he or she acts with the utmost care.Owners of dangerous animalsPeople who engage in highly dangerous activitiesManufacturers and sellers of defective consumer products
6Liability Tort law deals with these basic questions (1) who should be liable or responsible for harm caused by human activities(2) how much should the responsible person have to pay
7Important Terms remedy something to make up for the harm done liabilitylegal responsibility for harmsettlementagreement reached by both partiescommon lawlaw made by judges through court decisions, generally in state appellate courts: basis of tort law
8Important Terms intentional wrong An action done with the intent of injuring a person, his or her property, or both.negligenceMost common tort.Occurs when a person’s failure to use reasonable care causes harm.
9Important Terms Civil law Deals with disputes between individuals or groups of individualsStandard of ProofThe level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a civil or criminal proceeding
10Important Terms Preponderance of the evidence Usually a standard of proof used in a civil suit; the burden of proof that a party must meet in order to win the lawsuitDeep pocketsA description of the person or organization, among many possible defendants, best able to pay damages and therefore most likely to be sued in a tort case
11Important TermsMinorA child; a person under the legal age of adulthood; usually 18 or 21.WaiveTo give up some right, privilege, or benefit voluntarilyImmuneExempt from penalties, payments, or legal requirements; free from prosecution
12Important Terms Class action A lawsuit brought by one or more persons on behalf of a larger groupContingency feeThe fee paid to an attorney based on the percentage of the sum the client is awarded or settles for in a lawsuit
13Important Term Liability insurance The type of coverage or insurance that pays for injuries to the other people or damage to property if the individual insured is responsible for an accident during the term of the contract
14Important Term premiums Payments made for insurance coverage deductibleThe amount an insured person agrees to pay toward repairs before the insurance company pays anything.
15Important Terms Malpractice Failure to meet acceptable standards of practice in any professional or official position.Medical coverageInsurance which covers an individual’s own medical expenses resulting from accidentsCollision coverageInsurance that pays for damage to the insured’s own car caused by an automobile collision
16Important Terms Comprehensive coverage The portion of an insurance policy that protects an individual against automobile damages or losses other than collisions.Uninsured motorist coverageInsurance that protects drivers from those with no insurance or inadequate insurance.No-fault insuranceA form of automobile insurance or accident insurance (available in only a few states) in which each person’s insurance company pays up to a certain share of damages, regardless of fault.Exclusive remedyThe only solution, or compensation, available to a plaintiff in a particular legal situation
17ApplicationSixteen-year-old Carrie is babysitting for her four-year-old niece Jill. Carrie leaves Jill alone in the living room and goes into the kitchen to use the phone to call her boyfriend. From the kitchen she can hear but not see Jill. While Carrie is out of the living room, Jill falls off of a chair and is hurt.
18ApplicationBen, a defensive tackle on the high school football team, tackles a teammate in a full-contact practice. When the teammate hits the ground, his shoulder is dislocated.
19ApplicationMr. Ghosh owns a large apartment building. When his janitors wax the lobby floor, they place a 12-inch-square sign near the front door that reads: “Caution. Wet Floors.” Mrs. Gonzalez is hurrying home from shopping with two large bags of groceries. She does not see the sign and slips and falls on the freshly waxed floor, injuring her knee and arm.
20ApplicationCorina leaves a sharp knife on the kitchen table after making a sandwich. A three-year-old neighbor, who has been invited over to play with Corina’s daughter, climbs up onto a chair, grabs a knife, and seriously cuts his finger.
21ApplicationJamal, a school bus driver, has a heart attack one morning while driving the bus carrying students to school. As Jamal loses consciousness, the bus slams into a wall, injuring several students. One month earlier during a routine check up, Jamal’s doctor had warned him of his heart condition.
22ApplicationMatt and Emily are sitting in the upper deck of the stadium behind first base at a major league baseball game. A foul ball hit by their team’s star player bounces off a nearby railing, smacking Matt in the head and giving him a concussion.
23ApplicationJess, an expert auto mechanic, continues to drive her car even though she knows that the brake linings are badly worn. Driving below the speed limit on a rain slick road at night, she slams on the breaks and skids into a bicyclist who is riding one foot away from the right curb.
24Tort or No Tort?Determine whether a tort has been committed in each situation.If there is a tort:is it intentional?is it an act of negligence?is it an activity for which strict liability should be imposed?
25Tort or No Tort?Jose trips over his untied shoelace while running to catch a bus, breaking an ankle.
26Tort or No Tort?Mr. Slifko buys a strong painkillerat the drugstore and takes the capsules according to the directions on the package. He has an extremely bad reaction to the drug and has be taken to the hospital.
27Tort or No tort?Chen drinks too much alcohol at the office holiday party. His super visor, Ruth, advises him to take a taxi home, but he thinks he will be okay if he drives slowly. Not noticing a stop sign, he strikes and kills a pedestrian crossing the street.
28Insurance?You have an eight-year-old car with a market value of only $4,000. The annual cost of collision insurance, should you continue to purchase it? Give your reasons. Should you carry liability insurance? Explain.