Presentation on theme: "Kent Stewart – Chief Coroner Ministry of Justice"— Presentation transcript:
1Kent Stewart – Chief Coroner Ministry of Justice Embracing Life – Northern Saskatchewan Working Together – Prince Albert “When A Death Occurs”Kent Stewart – Chief CoronerMinistry of JusticeSgt. Brent OlbergRCMP – Major CrimesSaskatoon
2The Coroners Act, 1999 (Legislative Authority) The Coroners Act, 1999 of Saskatchewan is the provincial legislation that provides Chief Coroner/Coroners with the Coroners with the statutory authority and power to investigate deaths in Saskatchewan.
3Mandate Purpose (legislation) The purpose of the Act is to facilitate a coroner system that:provides for independent and impartial investigations into, and public inquests respecting, the circumstances surrounding unexpected, unnatural or unexplained deaths;determined the identity of a deceased person and how, when, where and by what means that person died;
4uncovers dangerous practices or conditions that may lead to death; d. educates the public respecting dangerous practices and conditions; ande. publicizes and maintains records of and the circumstances surrounding causes of death.
5Saskatchewan Coroners Service Statistics (Deaths Reported) Classification20052006200720082009201020112012Natural816785775773683671643543Accident362380393501470500502445Suicide124114139131161142138120Homicide43442830403426Undetermined514236315527Incomplete1106102Non-coroner4692184236388427447547TOTAL:144214591561170817691811182518102002 – 8906 deaths2003 – 8829 deaths2004 – 8881 deaths2005 – 8844 deaths16 – 17% of all deaths are investigated by coroners.
6Role of the CoronerTo direct a thorough examination of the death which includes the scene, the body & the history/circumstances to focus on answering the questions who, when, where, how and whyTo assist police in a criminal investigationTo order an autopsy and/or toxicology tests as requiredCoroner has jurisdiction over the body in all cases including suspicious deathsCoroner is responsible for transportation of bodyCurrently there are approximately 150 coroners located throughout the Province.
7Role of the Police Officer In most cases, the first investigator at the scene is a police officerThe police officer wears two (2) hatsFirstly, he/she is a criminal investigator or responsible for determining whether there is any evidence to suggest that the death is suspicious or homicide (secure scene, notify major crime). In these circumstances, the primary role of the coroner is to assist the policeSecondly, in cases that are not suspicious, the police officer wears another hat, assisting the coroner with the investigationThe police officer must be aware of which hat he/she wears as their role and powers in each are often different
8Authorities Under The Coroners Act enter and inspect any place where the body and any place from which the coroner has reasonable grounds for believing the body was removed;conduct any investigation that he or she considers necessary;Examine and make copies of any record relating to the deceased or his of her circumstances;take possession of the body, if the body is in Saskatchewan and conduct an examination of the body;cordon off and protect the scene of death and remove any objects; anddirect the assistance of any peace office to carry out the investigation.
9Death Investigation must be centered on three essential elements (“the Cornerstones” or “the Golden Triangle”)The History/CircumstancesThe SceneThe BodyThe coroners/police are the eyes and ears of the pathologist and in some circumstances the family.
10Primary Focus of any Death Investigation is to answer five questions Who died? Properly identify the decedentWhere they died?When they died? What was the date and time?Why did they die? What was the medical cause of death? (autopsy/external examination, toxicology)How did they die? What was the manner of death; (natural, accident, suicide, homicide, undetermined)In addition, a primary focus of the Coroner is prevention.
11Conclusions The coroner’s investigation is finalized by: Or Completing the Report of Coroner (may contain recommendations in relation to prevention)OrInquest
12The Investigation – Non Criminal Police are notified of a death usually by EMS, family or othersPolice attend and secure the scene and complete preliminary inquires.In cases that are not suspicious ie: natural, accident, suicidePolice notify the coroner who may attend the sceneThe body can not be altered or moved without the authorization of the coronerThe police will assist the coronerThe coroner will examiner the scene and the body in order to document and collect information that may be critical to the outcome of the investigation (ie: is this a suicide, accident).The coroner will determine the need for further investigation including the need for an autopsy and make the appropriate arrangements for transport.
13Investigation – Criminal/Suspicious Police are notified of a death usually by EMS, family or others.Police attend and secure the scene and complete preliminary inquires.In cases that are criminal in nature or suspicious usually the major crime unit are summoned from Saskatoon.The crime scene must be thoroughly examined, photographed and documented .The coroner assists the police and will take control of the body usually after the scene has been processed.The coroner will make the necessary arrangements for transport and postmortem examination.
14ChallengesOur goal is to complete a thorough investigation in a respectful and timely manner however, there are challenges:DistanceResources ie: coroners, transportationWeather
15The Work of the Coroner is a Barometer of the Health of our Communities Physical HealthDrug and Alcohol UseMental Health (depression and suicide)HomelessnessViolence